Keresan languages

Keresan languages

Infobox Language family
region=New Mexico
child1=East Keres
child2=West Keres

map_caption=Pre-contact distribution of Keresan languages

Keresan (pronEng|kəˈriːsən), also Keres (IPA|/ˈkɛrəs/), is a group of seven related lects spoken by Pueblo peoples in New Mexico, U.S.A.. Each is mutually intelligible with its closest neighbors. There is significant diversity between the Western and Eastern groups.

Family division

* Eastern dialects: total of 4,580 speakers (1990 census)
** Cochiti Pueblo: 384 speakers (1990 census)
** San Felipe-Santo Domingo: San Felipe Pueblo: 1,560 speakers (1990 census), Santo Domingo Pueblo: 1,880 speakers (1990 census)
** Zia-Santa
**Zia Pueblo: 463 speakers (1990 census), Santa Ana Pueblo: 229 speakers (1990 census)
* Western dialects: total of 3,391 speakers (1990 census)
** Acoma Pueblo: 1,696 speakers (1980 census)
** Laguna Pueblo: 1,695 speakers (1990 census)

Genetic relationships

Keres is a language isolate. Sapir grouped it together with a Hokan-Siouan stock. Swadesh suggested a connection with Wichita. Greenberg grouped Keres with Siouan, Yuchi, Caddoan, and Iroquoian families into a super-stock called Keresiouan. All of these proposals have been rejected by specialists.

External links

* [ Chochiti Keres: About Me and My Language: The politics of saving a vanishing language: The politics of writing]
*ethnologue|code=kee|label=Eastern Keres
*ethnologue|code=kjq|label=Western Keres


* Campbell, Lyle. (1997). "American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America". New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
* Mithun, Marianne. (1999). "The languages of Native North America". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.

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