- Keresan languages
Infobox Language family
map_caption=Pre-contact distribution of Keresan languages
Keresan (pronEng|kəˈriːsən), also Keres (IPA|/ˈkɛrəs/), is a group of seven related
lects spoken by Pueblo peoples in New Mexico, U.S.A.. Each is mutually intelligible with its closest neighbors. There is significant diversity between the Western and Eastern groups.
Eastern dialects: total of 4,580 speakers (1990 census)
Cochiti Pueblo: 384 speakers (1990 census)
** San Felipe-Santo Domingo:
San Felipe Pueblo: 1,560 speakers (1990 census), Santo Domingo Pueblo: 1,880 speakers (1990 census)
Zia Pueblo: 463 speakers (1990 census), Santa Ana Pueblo: 229 speakers (1990 census)
Western dialects: total of 3,391 speakers (1990 census)
Acoma Pueblo: 1,696 speakers (1980 census)
Laguna Pueblo: 1,695 speakers (1990 census)
Keres is a language isolate. Sapir grouped it together with a Hokan-Siouan stock. Swadesh suggested a connection with Wichita. Greenberg grouped Keres with Siouan, Yuchi, Caddoan, and Iroquoian families into a super-stock called Keresiouan. All of these proposals have been rejected by specialists.
* [http://www.ling.hawaii.edu/~uhdoc/keres/keres.html Chochiti Keres: About Me and My Language: The politics of saving a vanishing language: The politics of writing]
* Campbell, Lyle. (1997). "American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America". New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
* Mithun, Marianne. (1999). "The languages of Native North America". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
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Keresan — noun Date: 1891 1. a family of American Indian languages of which the Keres dialects comprise the only member 2. a member of any of the seven Keres speaking Pueblo Indian communities of central New Mexico … New Collegiate Dictionary
Keresan — /ker euh seuhn/, n. a family of languages spoken by Pueblo tribes of the Rio Grande valley and neighboring areas. * * * … Universalium
Keresan — 1. adjective Of or pertaining to the Keres Pueblo peoples of New Mexico. 2. noun a) Any member of the Keres Pueblo peoples of New Mexico. b) Any of the seven closely related languages of the Keres Pueblo peoples of New Mexico … Wiktionary
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