Languages using Cyrillic


Languages using Cyrillic

This is a list of languages that have been written in the Cyrillic alphabet at one time or another. See also early Cyrillic alphabet.

Indo-European languages

* Indo-Iranian languages
**Indo-Aryan languages
***Romani (in Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bulgaria and former USSR)
**Iranian languages
***Kurdish (living in former USSR)
***Ossetic (since 18th century, modern alphabet since 1938)
***Tajik
***Tat (Judeo-Tat)
***Shughni

*Romance languages
**Romanian (up to the 19th century, and a different form of Cyrillic in Moldova from 1940–89 exclusively; now Cyrillic is used in Transnistria officially and in the rest of the country in everyday communication by some groups of people; see Moldovan alphabet)
**Ladino in occasional Bulgarian Sephardic publications.

*Slavic languages
**Old Church Slavonic
**Church Slavonic
**Belarusian, now almost exclusively in Cyrillic, although there was a Roman version of the language in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Belarusian Roman script was called Łacinka
**Bulgarian
**Macedonian
**Russian
**Rusyn
**Serbian
**Ukrainian
**Croatian used its redaction of Cyrillic ("arvatica, poljičica") in church registry books in some Croat-inhabited areas until mid 19th century.

Languages of the Caucasus

(This group is not assumed to comprise genetically related subgroups.)
*Northeast Caucasian languages:
**Avar
**Chechen (since 1938, also with Roman 1991–2000)
**Dargwa
**Lak
**Lezgian
**Tabassaran
*Northwest Caucasian languages:
**Abaza
**Abkhaz
**Adyghe
**Kabardian

Sino-Tibetan languages

*Chinese languages
**Dungan (since 1953)

Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages

*Chukchi (since 1936)
*Koryak (since 1936)
*Itelmen

Mongolian languages

*Buryat
*Kalmyk
*Mongolian

Tungusic languages

*Evenk (since 1936)
*Nanai
*Udihe (Udekhe) (writing recently is not used)

Turkic languages

*Altay
*Azeri (1939–91, exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1991 officially in Roman, but in reality in everyday communication Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script)
*Balkar
*Bashkir
*Chuvash
*Crimean Tatar (1938–91)
*Gagauz (1957-1990s, exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1990s officially in Roman, but in reality in everyday communication Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script)
*Kazakh
*Karachay
*Karakalpak (1940s–1990s)
*Khakas
*Kumyk
*Kyrgyz
*Nogai
*Tatar (since 1939; also with Roman since 2000, although not officially in Russia)
*Turkmen (1940–94 exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1994 officially in Roman, but in reality in everyday communication Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script)
*Tuvan
*Uzbek (1941–98 exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1998 Cyrillic is used alongside with Roman script, which was prescribed as the "future" alphabet of Uzbek)
*Yakut

Uralic languages

*Samoyedic languages
**Nenets (since 1937)
**Selkup (since 1950s writing recently is not used)
*Finno-Ugric languages
**Karelian (1940–1991)
**Khanty
**Mansi (since 1937 writing has not received distribution)
**Komi
***Komi-Zyrian (since 17th century, modern alphabet since 1930s)
***Komi-Permyak
**Mari (since 19th century)
**Mordvin languages
***Erzya (since 18th century)
***Moksha (since 18th century)
**Sami (in Russia, since 1980s)
***Kildin Sami
**Udmurt

Eskimo-Aleut languages

*Aleut (in 19th century)
*Central Siberian Yupik (Yuit)

Afro-Asiatic languages

*Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (Aisor)

Other languages

*Nivkh
*Ket
*Yukaghir
*Russian sign language (uses the Cyrillic alphabet via the Russian Manual Alphabet)
*Constructed languages
**International auxiliary languages
***Lingua Franca Nova
**Fictional languages
***Brutopian (Donald Duck stories)
***Syldavian ("The Adventures of Tintin")

References

See also

*Cyrillic alphabet
*Cyrillic alphabet variants
*List of Cyrillic letters
*
*Cyrillization of Chinese (Palladiy system)
*Cyrillization of Japanese (Polivanov system))
*Cyrillization of Korean (Kontsevich system)


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