- Franklinton, Louisiana
name = Town of Franklinton
category = Town
country = United States
state = Louisiana
region = Washington
region_type = Parish
area_imperial = 4.2
area_land_imperial = 4.1
area_water_imperial = 0.04
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
area_round = 1
lat_d = 30
lat_m = 50
lat_s = 55
lat_NS = N
long_d = 90
long_m = 9
long_s = 0
long_EW = W
coordinates_display = inline,title
coordinates_type = type:city_region:US-LA
elevation_imperial = 154
elevation_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 3657
population_density_imperial = 882.8
population_density_round = 1
established_type = Founded
established = 1819
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
area_code = 985
map_caption = Location of Franklinton in Louisiana
map_locator = Louisiana
map1 = Map of USA LA.svg
map1_caption = Location of Louisiana in the United States
website = http://www.townoffranklinton.com
Located convert|61|mi|km north of
New Orleans, the town's name is pronounced locally as "Frank-lin-ton" or "Frank-il-ton."
Franklinton is part of the Bogalusa
Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Franklinton was founded in 1819, originally under the name of Franklin, but in 1826 the name was changed to Franklinton since there was already another town with the same name in St. Mary Parish. In 1826, representatives and citizens from both communities showed up at the state capitol in Baton Rouge to state their cases to keep the name "Franklin". A compromise was reached by the Louisiana Legislature, allowing Franklin in St. Mary Parish to retain its name, while Washington Parish's parish seat would be known as Franklinton.
Franklinton became the parish seat of Washington Parish on
February 10, 1821, two years after the parish was carved out from St. Tammany Parish.
Much of Franklinton, as well as most of Washington Parish, sustained severe damage from Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
*A small group of men forced their way into the
Washington Parishjail in Franklinton early on January 11th, shot and beat a African American man convicted of murder to death, dumped his body alongside a lonely road three miles (5 km) from town and dispersed. The man had been tried, convicted and sentenced within ten days of his arrest.
*The body of the victim,
Jerome Wilson, 30, was found on the road two hours later. Wilson was convicted in August of slaying Deputy Sheriff Delos C. Woodin a gun fight on the Wilson place.
*Aroused from his cot, the terror stricken man pleaded for mercy. His pleas were followed by screams for help. Then a bullet was fired into the back of his head.
*Officers expressed the belief that the man was shot because his cries would arouse parish authorities, who twice had thwarted attempts to lynch him.
*The body was dragged to a waiting car.
*Five days earlier a new trial was granted to Wilson by the
LouisianaSupreme Court on the grounds that the defendant had not received a fair trial. The decision cited that he was tried, convicted and sentenced within ten days of his arrest [New York "Times"; 1935-01-13] .
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.2 square miles (10.9 km²), of which, 4.1 square miles (10.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.95%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,657 people, 1,366 households, and 878 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 882.8 people per square mile (341.1/km²). There were 1,536 housing units at an average density of 370.8/sq mi (143.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 47.01% White, 51.87% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.19% Asian, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.
There were 1,366 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $20,955, and the median income for a family was $27,957. Males had a median income of $25,268 versus $16,337 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $11,273. About 24.0% of families and 31.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.3% of those under age 18 and 28.7% of those age 65 or over.
The town's economy is based heavily on agriculture, forestry and some commercial industry.
Arts and Culture
The Washington Parish Free Fair, said to be the largest free fair in the United States, is held in October of each year in Franklinton.
The book, "Dead Man Walking", and movie about the book, was based on a murder that took place just south of Franklinton at Frickie's Cave (aka Frickie's Gourge).
* [http://www.wpsb.org/ Washington Parish School System]
* [http://www.franklintonhigh.com/ Franklinton High School]
* [ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/la/washingt/history/history1.txt Washington Parish, Louisiana by Janice M. Berfield, 1968]
* [ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/la/washingt/history/wphistory.txt History of Washington Parish by Hon. Prentiss B. Carter]
* [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~mcclendon/Bogalusa/Bogalusa%20Story/ Bogalusa Story by C. W. Goodyear]
* [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~mcclendon/Bogalusa/ Bogalusa, Washington Parish, Louisiana: History, Links, Maps, and Photos]
* [http://www.edailynews.info/ Bogalusa Daily News]
* [http://www.townoffranklinton.com Town of Franklinton]
* [http://www.varnadostoremuseum.org/ D. A. Varnado Store Museum]
* [http://www.freefair.com/ The Washington Parish Free Fair]
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