- Hartwood Acres Park
Hartwood Acres Park is a convert|629|acre|km2|sing=on county park in
Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. Hartwood is considered the crown jewel of the county's convert|12000|acre|km2|sing=on network of nine distinct parks.
Established in 1969, its special feature is one of the largest and most spectacular country estates in the region. Hartwood consists of a stately Tudor mansion (erected in 1929), public gardens, a cottage, a stable complex, and a gate lodge (erected in 1927). The mansion, designed by
Alfred Hopkinsfor John and Mary Flinn Lawrence, houses a collection of original English and American antiques.
Hartwood is sited convert|10|mi|km northeast of
Downtown Pittsburghon largely forested land in both Hampton and Indiana Townships. The park also offers a large-stage concert area for music and summer theater and convert|30|mi|km of trails—horse riding, walking, hiking, biking, and cross country skiing. Hartwood is especially popular in winter because of its annual "Festive of Lights" large outdoor light displays.
Mary Flinn Lawrence, a Pittsburgh philanthropist, created Hartwood with money she inherited from her father,
William Flinn. In the 1920s she and her husband John Lawrence asked the architect Alfred Hopkins to borrow design elements from a manor housethe Lawrences had seen in Broadway, Oxfordshire, England. The result is a stately 31-room slate-roofed stone house constructed around a Great Hall.
Mary transformed the grounds of her estate into an equestrian arts showcase, building riding trails that extend for miles, show rings, steeplechase layouts, and ivy-covered stables. The stalls of the stables are made of varnished oak.
The Allegheny Parks Commission in 1961 bought convert|400|acre|km2 of land and riding trails from the Lawrences. Mary's death on October 29, 1974 permitted her Hartwood estate to open to the general public.
A large part of the 1996 TV film
The Christmas Treedirected by Sally Fieldwas filmed at Hartwood.
Some scenes in the 2006 film
10th & Wolfwere filmed in the Hartwood Mansion's great hall. [cite web | url = http://www.county.allegheny.pa.us/parks/10th-wolf.aspx | title = Hartwood and the Movie: 10th & Wolf | work = Allegheny County Parks Department | accessdate = 2007-07-01 ]
11 large, outdoor sculptures by nationally known artists co-exist with visitors to the park as part of the permanent collection.
*"Coronet", 1978, Lila Katzen
*"Monumental Holistic Image IV", 1980, Betty Gold
*"Ring Series #5", 1983, Fletcher Benton
*"Cloudt", 1982, Ron Bennett
*"Large Escargot", 1982, David Hayes
*"Mobius", 1966-83, Peter Forakis
*"Large Snail", 1965, Tillie Speyer
*"Totem, Lamina, Limbus", 1979, Jack Youngerman
*cite book | author=Kidney, Walter C. | title=Pittsburgh's Landmark Architecture: The Historic Buildings of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County | location=Pittsburgh | publisher=Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation | year=1997 | id=ISBN 0-916670-18-X
* [http://www.county.allegheny.pa.us/parks/hwfac.aspx Hartwood Acres Park website]
* [http://www.friendsofhartwood.org/index.html Friends of Hartwood website]
* [http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=12167R457V885.1262&profile=ariall&uri=link=3100011~!210205~!3100001~!3100002&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=1&source=~!siartinventories&term=Hartwood+Acres+Park%2C+Pittsburgh%2C+Pennsylvania&index=OWNER#focus Smithsonian Inventory of American Sculpture]
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