List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado


List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado

This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado. A list of National Park Service administered areas in Colorado that have a historic focus is also included. There are 21 National Historic Landmark sites in Colorado.[1]

Contents

National Historic Landmarks in Colorado

The following table is a complete list of the 21 federally designated National Historic Landmarks located in Colorado.

[2] Landmark name[1] Image Year listed[1] Locality[1][3] County[1] Description[4]
1 Bent's Old Fort Bent's Old Fort. 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 La Junta
38°02′34″N 103°25′51″W / 38.042886°N 103.430786°W / 38.042886; -103.430786 (Bent's Old Fort)
Otero Adobe fort built in 1833 to trade with Plains Indians and trappers, on Santa Fe Trail
2 Central City/Black Hawk Historic District Restored historic buildings in downtown Black Hawk 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Central City and Black Hawk
39°48′04″N 105°30′27″W / 39.801111°N 105.5075°W / 39.801111; -105.5075 (Central City/Black Hawk Historic District)
Gilpin Former gold mining camps in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, once known as the 'Richest Square Mile on Earth
3 Colorado Chautauqua The Chautauqua Academic Hall 02006-02-10 February 10, 2006 Boulder
39°59′52″N 105°16′50″W / 39.997778°N 105.280556°W / 39.997778; -105.280556 (Colorado Chautauqua)
Boulder This 1898 Chautauqua is the only one West of the Mississippi, one of only four continuously operating since its inception, and the only one open year round.
4 Cripple Creek Historic District Cripple Creek, 1957 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Cripple Creek
38°45′07″N 105°10′31″W / 38.751944°N 105.175278°W / 38.751944; -105.175278 (Cripple Creek Historic District)
Teller The gold mining town of Cripple Creek and the surrounding hills
5 Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad A steam locomotive of the D&SNG 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Durango to Silverton
37°17′51″N 107°42′39″W / 37.2975°N 107.710833°W / 37.2975; -107.710833 (Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad)
San Juan and La Plata Narrow gauge mining railroad which has continued to serve as a tourist line between Durango and Silverton
6 Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District The historic Alpine Hose Firehouse No. 2 in Georgetown. 01966-11-13 November 13, 1966 Georgetown and Silver Plume
39°41′55″N 105°42′48″W / 39.698611°N 105.713333°W / 39.698611; -105.713333 (Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District)
Clear Creek Historic district which includes the silver mining towns of Georgetown and Silver Plume as well as the 1884 railway engineering marvel which connects them, the Georgetown Loop.
7 Granada War Relocation Center Japanese evacuees on August 30, 1942, arrive by train, wait for the bus ride to Camp Amache, Granada Relocation Center, southeastern Colorado. 02006-02-10 February 10, 2006 Granada
38°02′58″N 102°19′43″W / 38.049444°N 102.328611°W / 38.049444; -102.328611 (Granada War Relocation Center)
Prowers World War II Japanese American internment center
8 Leadville Historic District Leadville in the 1950s 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Leadville
39°14′39″N 106°13′42″W / 39.244167°N 106.228333°W / 39.244167; -106.228333 (Leadville Historic District)
Lake Historic Leadville, Colorado mining district and village area
9 Lindenmeier Site Soapstone-LindenmeierSite.JPG 01961-01-20 January 20, 1961 Norfolk
Larimer The only extensive Folsom culture campsite yet found with artifacts dating from approximately 11200 BCE to 3000 BCE.
10 Lowry Ruin Lowry Pueblo 01964-07-19 July 19, 1964 Pleasant View
37°35′04″N 108°55′11″W / 37.584531°N 108.919647°W / 37.584531; -108.919647 (Lowry Ruin)
Montezuma Ancient Pueblo Peoples archaeological site from 1060 with a very large kiva
11 Ludlow Tent Colony Site LudlowMassacreMonument.jpg 02009-01-16 January 16, 2009 Ludlow
37°20′00″N 104°35′00″W / 37.333333°N 104.583333°W / 37.333333; -104.583333 (Ludlow Tent Colony)
Las Animas [5]
12 Mesa Verde Administrative District Flappers MVNP.jpg 01987-05-29 May 29, 1987 Mesa Verde National Park
37°10′53″N 108°29′26″W / 37.1812644653°N 108.490653909°W / 37.1812644653; -108.490653909 (Mesa Verde Administrative District)
Montezuma First buildings built by the National Park Service with intent to reflect cultural traditions in the park area, built in 1921
13 Philadelphia Toboggan Company Carousel No. 6 The carousel at Elitch Gardens in 2009 01987-02-27 February 27, 1987 Burlington
39°18′26″N 102°16′13″W / 39.3071020728°N 102.270324277°W / 39.3071020728; -102.270324277 (Elitch Gardens Carousel)
Kit Carson Carousel built for Elitch Gardens in 1905. In 1928 it moved to Kit Carson County fairgrounds where it remains open today. It is the only antique carousel in America retaining its original paint on both the scenery panels and the animals, and it is the only surviving Philadelphia Toboggan Company menagerie carousel.
14 Pikes Peak Pikes Peak by David Shankbone.jpg 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Colorado Springs
38°50′26″N 105°02′39″W / 38.840556°N 105.044167°W / 38.840556; -105.044167 (Pikes Peak)
El Paso Pike's Peak (everything above 14,000 feet (4,300 m) elevation). This mountain was inspiration for "America the Beautiful" as well as the motto "Pike's Peak or Bust"
15 Pike's Stockade Pike's Stockade.jpg 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Sanford
37°17′30″N 105°48′36″W / 37.2917915715°N 105.809944462°W / 37.2917915715; -105.809944462 (Pike's Stockade)
Conejos Explorer Zebulon Pike set up a fort here.
16 Raton Pass Ratonpass.JPG 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Trinidad, CO and Raton, NM
36°59′25″N 104°29′17″W / 36.9903°N 104.488°W / 36.9903; -104.488 (Raton Pass)
Las Animas, CO and Colfax, NM Mountain pass between New Mexico and Colorado
17 Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building Beaver Meadows Visitor Center 2.jpg 02001-01-03 January 3, 2001 Estes Park
40°21′58″N 105°33′39″W / 40.366111°N 105.560833°W / 40.366111; -105.560833 (Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building)
Larimer Also known as the Beaver Meadows Visitor Center, it was designed by Taliesin Associated Architects, their first major work after Frank Lloyd Wright had died. It demonstrated modern architecture could be successful inside the National Parks and was the last significant project in Mission 66.
18 Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill 02000-02-16 February 16, 2000 Silverton
37°49′44″N 107°37′42″W / 37.828972°N 107.628207°W / 37.828972; -107.628207 (Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill)
San Juan Only surviving example of a selective flotation mill in Colorado.
19 Silverton Historic District Grand Imperial Hotel 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Silverton
37°48′45″N 107°39′47″W / 37.812545°N 107.662994°W / 37.812545; -107.662994 (Silverton Historic District)
San Juan Former silver mining town, home of the Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill and one end of the Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad
20 Telluride Historic District Telluride Main Street 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Telluride
37°56′14″N 107°48′29″W / 37.937222°N 107.808056°W / 37.937222; -107.808056 (Telluride Historic District)
San Miguel Former gold mining boomtown, it is now an artistic retreat and a ski resort town
21 United States Air Force Academy, Cadet Area United States Air Force Academy Cadet Area. 02004-04-01 April 1, 2004 Colorado Springs
39°00′30″N 104°53′26″W / 39.008333°N 104.890417°W / 39.008333; -104.890417 (United States Air Force Academy, Cadet Area)
El Paso Bold use of Modern architecture at the United States Air Force Academy, especially with the Cadet Chapel

Historic areas of the NPS in Colorado

National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are four of these in Colorado. The National Park Service lists these four together with the NHLs in the state,[6]

Bent's Old Fort is a National Historic Site as well as a National Historic Landmark. The others are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[7] Location County Description
1 Hovenweep National Monument Hovenweep.jpg 01923-03-02 March 2, 1923 Cortez, CO and Blanding, UT Montezuma,CO and San Juan,UT Six clusters of Native American ruins; shared with Utah
2 Mesa Verde National Park Round tower, Cliff Palace. Photo by Ansel Adams, 1941 01906-06-29 June 29, 1906 Cortez Montezuma Numerous ruins of homes and villages built by the ancient Pueblo people; known for cliff dwellings; Mesa Verde translates into English as "green table"
3 Yucca House National Monument Unexcavated mound at Yucca House National Monument 01919-12-19 December 19, 1919 Cortez Montezuma Unexcavated Ancestral Puebloan archaeological site

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). http://www.cr.nps.gov/nhl/designations/Lists/LIST11.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  4. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm.  Retrieved on various dates.
  5. ^ "Interior Secretary Kempthorne Designates 9 National Historic Landmarks in 9 States". Department of the Interior. 2009-01-16. http://www.doi.gov/news/09_News_Releases/011609c.html. 
  6. ^ These are listed on p.111 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.
  7. ^ Date of listing as National Historic Site or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.

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