Julia Tutwiler


Julia Tutwiler

Julia Strudwick Tutwiler (1841-1916), born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, was as a staunch advocate for educational and prison reforms in Alabama.

Educational reform

Tutwiler was herself educated at Vassar College, the year that it opened (1861). She furthered her education in Germany, France and at Washington and Lee University. She served as president of Livingston State Normal School, which later became the University of West Alabama. In 1892, ten Livingston-educated students became the first women admitted to the University of Alabama, at Tutwiler's insistence. She thus earned the title of the "mother of co-education in Alabama".

She was also a key figure in the creation of the Alabama Girls' Industrial School, in October 1896. This institution eventually evolved into the University of Montevallo.

Prison reform

Known as the "angel of the prisons," Tutwiler pushed for many reforms of the Alabama penal system. Most significantly, she fought to separate female prisoners from male ones and to separate juveniles from hardened adult criminals--resulting in the first Boys' Industrial School. In addition, she demanded better prison sanitation and helped institute educational and religious opportunities for prisoners. As a consequence of her good works, Alabama's Julia Tutwiler Woman's Prison was named in her honor.

Alabama state song

Tutwiler was known as a poet and wrote the lyrics for "Alabama", the state song, which was officially adopted in 1931. According to the Alabama Department of Archives and History, "The inspiration for writing the poem 'Alabama' came to Julia Tutwiler after she returned to her native state from Germany where she had been studying new educational methods for girls and women". [ [http://www.archives.state.al.us/emblems/st_song.html Official Alabama State Song ] at www.archives.state.al.us]

The song begins:

Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee,
From thy Southern shore where groweth,
By the sea thine orange tree.
To thy Northern vale where floweth
Deep and blue thy Tennessee.
Alabama, Alabama
We will aye be true to thee!

Honors

In addition to the Woman's Prison named in her honor, there is also a large women's dormitory at the University of Alabama and a library at University of West Alabama that bear her name.

When Judson College in Marion, Alabama, established the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 1970, Tutwiler was among the first group of inductees.
Tutwiler Hall on the University of Alabama's campus is named in Julia Tutwiler's honor. It is one of the most recognizable buildings on campus and was the first tower style dorm built on campus. It is an all-female dorm and it is located at the corner of Paul W. Bryant Drive and 10th Ave., across from Bryant-Denny Stadium.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.awhf.org/tutwiler.html Julia Strudwick Tutwiler (1841-1916)] - Alabama Women's Hall of Fame.
* [http://www.archives.state.al.us/famous/j_tutwil.html Julia Strudwick Tutwiler] - Alabama Department of Archives and History.
* [http://www.archives.state.al.us/emblems/st_song.html State Song: "Alabama"] - Alabama Department of Archives and History


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tutwiler — can refer to:People* Julia Tutwiler, prison reformer * Margaret D. Tutwiler, politicianPlaces* Tutwiler, Mississippi …   Wikipedia

  • Tutwiler, Julia Strudwick — ▪ American educator and reformer born Aug. 15, 1841, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, U.S. died March 24, 1916, Birmingham, Alabama       American educator and reformer who was responsible for making higher education in Alabama more readily available to… …   Universalium

  • CrimsonRide — Founded 2007 Headquarters Tuscaloosa, Alabama …   Wikipedia

  • University of Alabama — This article is about the University of Alabama, located in Tuscaloosa. For other uses, see University of Alabama (disambiguation). University of Alabama Established 1831 Type Flagship Public university …   Wikipedia

  • Death row — For other uses, see Death row (disambiguation). Part of a series on Capital punishment Issues …   Wikipedia

  • Kathryn Tucker Windham — Infobox Writer imagesize = 150px name = Kathryn Tucker Windham caption = pseudonym = birthdate = birth date and age|1918|6|2 birthplace = Selma, Alabama deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Journalist, short story writer, storyteller,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of photojournalists — This is a list of notable photojournalists. * Eddie Adams Pulitzer Prize winner * Timothy Allen British photojournalist * Stephen Alvarez American photojournalist * Mohamed Amin Kenyan photojournalist * Pablo Bartholomew Indian photojournalist… …   Wikipedia

  • Music of Alabama — Music of the United States AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA M …   Wikipedia

  • University of Montevallo — Motto Alabama s Public Liberal Arts University® Established 1896 Type …   Wikipedia

  • Alabama (song) — Alabama is the state song of Alabama. It was written by Julia Tutwiler and composed by Edna Gockel Gussen and adopted in 1931.The Alabama state song is sung at the Alabama All State festival each year by students grade 7 to grade 12. Lyrics :… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.