Lionel Terray


Lionel Terray

Lionel Terray (25 July 192123 September 1965) was a French climber who made many first ascents, including Makalu in the Himalaya (with Jean Couzy on 15 May 1955) and Cerro Fitzroy in the Patagonian Andes (with Guido Magnone in 1952).

A climbing guide and ski instructor, Terray was active in mountain combat against Germany during World War II. After the war, he became well known as one of the best Chamonix climbers and guides, noted for his speedy ascents of some of the most notorious climbs in the French, Italian, and Swiss Alps: the Walker Spur of the Grandes Jorasses, the south face of the Aiguille Noire de Peuterey, the north-east face of Piz Badile, and the north face of the Eiger. Terray, frequently with climbing partner Louis Lachenal, broke previous climbing speed records.

Terray was a member of Maurice Herzog's 1950 expedition to the Nepalese Himalayan peak, Annapurna, the highest peak climbed at the time, and the first 8000-meter peak climbed (although British climbers George Mallory, George Finch, Geoffrey Bruce, Henry Morshead, Edward Norton and Howard Somervell had reached higher altitudes on Mount Everest during the 1920s). Terray did not reach the summit of Annapurna, but together with the Sherpa Adjiba he aided summitteers Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal down from the mountain. Both Herzog and Lachenal experienced extreme frostbite and subsequently underwent amputations. [ cite book
last = Herzog
first = Maurice
coauthors =
title = Annapurna
publisher = The Lyons Press
year = 1997
location = New York, NY, USA
pages =
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 1558215492
] Despite these events, the French team returned to Paris to huge public acclaim, and Herzog's expedition book "Annapurna" became an international bestseller.

Terray was also one of the main participants in the great attempt to rescue four climbers trapped on the north face of the Eiger in 1957. This mission forms the subject of Jack Olsen's famous book The Climb Up To Hell, in which Terray's skill and bravery receive special mention.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Terray made a number of first ascents in Peru, including the highest unclimbed peak in the central Andes at the time, 20,981-foot Huantsan. He also made first ascents of lower but more difficult peaks, including Veronica, Soray, Taulliraju, and Chacraraju, possibly the hardest peak in the Peruvian Andes and considered unclimbable at the time. One of Terray's finest achievements was the first ascent of 25,295-foot Jannu in Nepal in 1962. He also climbed the Nilgiris near Annapurna, and led the successful 1964 first ascent of 12,240 foot Mount Huntington, in the Alaska Range, by the northwest ridge. [cite book
last = Jones
first = Chris
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Climbing in North America
publisher = American Alpine Club/University of California Press
year = 1976
location = Berkeley, California, USA
pages = 330, 331
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 0520029763
]

Terray died on a rock climb in the Vercors, south of Grenoble, on 23 September 1965, several years after the publication of his climbing memoirs, "Conquistadors of the Useless". His grave is situated in Chamonix

Bibliography

* cite book
last = Terray
first = Lionel
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Les Conquérants de l'inutile
publisher = Victor Gollancz
year = 1963
location = France
pages =
url =
doi =
id = ASIN B000HJRAVQ

* cite book
last = Terray
first = Lionel
authorlink =
coauthors = Geoffrey Sutton (trans.)
title = Conquistadors of the Useless
publisher = Baton Wicks Publications; New Ed
year = 2000
location =
pages =
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 1898573387

* cite book
last = Terray
first = Lionel
authorlink =
coauthors = Jean Franco
title = Bataille pour Le Jannu
publisher = Gallimard
year = 1965
location = France
pages =
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 2070102033

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lionel Terray — est un alpiniste français né le 25 juillet 1921 et mort le 19 septembre 1965. Il constitue avec Louis Lachenal une des meilleures cordées françaises de l après guerre, réalisant notamment la première répétition de la face nord …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lionel Terray — (* 25. Juli 1921 in Grenoble; † 1965 im Vercors Massiv) war einer der besten französischen Bergsteiger aller Zeiten. Sein Name ist mit vielen extremen Routen in den Alpen (2. Durchsteigung der Eiger Nordwand), aber auch mit Erstbesteigungen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lionel Terray — (Grenoble, Francia, 1921 Vercors, 1965) fue un alpinista francés de renombre conocido por realizar las primeras ascensiones a montañas como el Fitz Roy y Makalu entre otras.[1] Referencias ↑ Los conquistadores de lo inútil, Ediciones Desnivel,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lionel — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Lionel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Terray — ist der Name folgender Personen: Joseph Marie Terray (1715–1778), Priester und französischer Finanzminister unter Ludwig XV. von Frankreich Lionel Terray (1921–1965), französischer Bergsteiger Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Terray — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. patronyme Terray est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Joseph Marie Terray (1715 1778), homme d État français ; Antoine Terray (1751 1794) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lionel — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Lionel est un prénom masculin et un nom. Il est fêté le 10 novembre. Prénom Lionel est un prénom masculin qui est notamment porté (ou ayant été porté)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Террай, Лионель — Лионель Террай Lionel Terray …   Википедия

  • Louis Lachenal — (1921 1955) est un alpiniste français, premier vainqueur, en 1950, de l un des sommets de plus de huit mille mètres : l Annapurna (8 091 m). Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Distinctions 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Berühmte Alpinisten — Diese Liste enthält die Namen, Lebensdaten und größten Leistungen von berühmten oder in besonderem Maße erfolgreichen (männlichen oder weiblichen) Bergsteigern. Bei den Männern werden teils klassische Hochtouren Bergsteiger aufgeführt, teils… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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