Battle of Caer Caradoc

Battle of Caer Caradoc

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Caer Caradoc
partof=the Roman conquest of Britain

date=50 AD
place=Unknown. Possibly Herefordshire Beacon or Caer Caradoc Hill
result=Decisive Roman victory
combatant1=Roman Empire
combatant2=Britons Ordovices Silures?
commander1=Publius Ostorius Scapula
strength1=Unknown, less than the Britons

The Battle of Caer Caradoc was the final battle in Caratacus's resistance to Roman rule. Fought in 50, the Romans defeated the Britons and thus secured the southern areas of the province of Britannia.

Caratacus chose a battlefield in hilly country, placing the Britons on the higher ground. His forces were probably primarily made up of warriors from the Ordovices though there may have been some Silures as well. This position made both approach and retreat difficult for the Romans, and comparatively easy for his own forces. Where the slope was shallow, he built rough stone ramparts, and placed armed men in front of them. In front of them was a river, probably the Severn or Teme.

The Roman commander, Publius Ostorius Scapula, was reluctant to assault the British lines, but the enthusiasm of his men won him over. The river was crossed without difficulty. The Roman soldiers came under a rain of missiles, but employed the testudo formation to protect themselves and dismantled the stone ramparts. Once inside the defences, the Romans proved superior in hand-to-hand combat. The Britons withdrew to the hilltops, but the Romans kept up the pursuit. Their lines broke, and they were caught between the heavily armed legionaries and the lightly armed auxiliaries. The Britons' lack of armour made them vulnerable to the Romans' superior weapons, and they were defeated.

Caratacus's wife and daughter were captured and his brother surrendered, but Caratacus himself escaped. He fled north, seeking refuge among the Brigantes. The Brigantian queen, Cartimandua, however, was loyal to Rome, and she handed him over in chains. He was exhibited as part of the emperor Claudius's Roman triumph in Rome. He gave a speech which persuaded the emperor to spare him and his family. His defeat was publicly likened by the Senators to some of Rome's greatest victories, and Ostorius Scapula was awarded triumphal ornaments for defeating him.

The site of the battle is unknown. The hill fort on Caer Caradoc Hill in Shropshire is connected with the battle by virtue of its name. Local legend places it at British Camp in the Malvern Hills. However, the Severn, though visible from this location, is too distant to fit Tacitus's description of the site. A position just west of Caersws, where the remains of earthworks still stand, has also been suggested, as has a location near Brampton Bryan.


*Tacitus, "Annals" [ 12:33-38]
*Sheppard Frere, "Britannia: a History of Roman Britain", 3rd edition, 1978, p. 64

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Mons Graupius — Part of Roman conquest of Britain …   Wikipedia

  • Carataco — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carataco (Caratacus, Καράτακος, Caractacus, Caradawc) fue un caudillo de los catuvellani, hijo del rey Cunobelinus, y principal líder de la resistencia contra la invasión romana. Contenido 1 La conquista 2… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Campaign history of the Roman military — This article is part of the series on: Military of ancient Rome (portal) 753 BC – AD 476 Structural history Roman army (unit types and ranks …   Wikipedia

  • Caratacus — Infobox Monarch name =Caratacus / Caractacus title =King of the Catuvellauni caption = Caractacus before the Emperor Claudius at Rome , 18th century print by an unknown artist (British Museum) reign =1st century, to c.50 AD native lang1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman battles — The following is a list of Roman Battles fought by the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, and sometimes the Byzantine Empire, organized by date. The list is not exhaustive. For the complete list see List of battles, for other… …   Wikipedia

  • Список сражений Древнего Рима —   Это служебн …   Википедия

  • Scotland during the Roman Empire — encompasses a period of time that is both part of genuine history and of protohistory. It is complicated by the fact that although the Roman Empire influenced every part of Scotland during the period from the arrival of the legions in c. AD 71 to …   Wikipedia

  • Catuvellauni — Infobox Celts of England Name = Catuvellauni fullname = Catuvellauni name = Catuvellauni capital = Verulamium (St. Albans) location = Cambridgeshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire Buckinghamshire Oxfordshire origin = Châlons en Champagne,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ordovices — Tribes of Wales at the time of the Roman invasion. The modern Anglo Welsh border is also shown, for reference purposes. The Ordovices were one of the Celtic tribes living in Great Britain, before the Roman invasion of Britain. Its tribal lands… …   Wikipedia

  • Church Stretton — Coordinates: 52°32′20″N 2°48′25″W / 52.5389°N 2.807°W / 52.5389; 2.807 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.