- King Leopold's Soliloquy
"King Leopold's Soliloquy" is a 1905
pamphletby Mark Twain. Its subject is King Leopold's rule over the Congo Free State. A work of political satireharshly condemnatory of his actions, it ostensibly recounts Leopold speaking in his own defense.
King Leopold raves madly about the good things that he says he has done for the people of the
Congo Free State, including the disbursement of millions on religionand art. He says he had come to Congo with piety"oozing" from "every pore," that he had only wanted to convert the people to Christianity, that he had wanted to stop the slave trade.
Leopold says that he did not take any of the government money, that he did not use the
revenues as his personal "swag", and that such claims by the "meddlesome American missionaries", "frank British consuls", and "blabbing Belgian-born traitors" are wholly false. He asserts that for a King to be criticized as he has been is blasphemy— surely, under the rule of God, any King who was not doing God's will would not have been helped by God.
Leopold claims that his critics only speak of what is unfavorable to him, such as the unfair
taxes that he levied upon the people of the Congo, which caused starvationand the extermination of entire villages, but not of the fact that he had sent missionariesto the villages to convert them to Christianity. Nothing, he complains, can satisfy the English.
Congo Reform Association
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=pEcLAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:0bsKpo0UyVk2TAnzDoPq3z#PPA5,M1 King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule]
* [http://diglib1.amnh.org/articles/kls/index.html AMNH.org's (American Museum of Natural History) PDFs of King Leopold's Soliloquy]
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