Friedrich Julius Stahl


Friedrich Julius Stahl

Friedrich Julius Stahl (January 16, 1802 - August 10, 1861), German ecclesiastical lawyer and politician, was born at Munich, of Jewish parentage.

Although brought up strictly in the Jewish religion, he was allowed to attend the gymnasium, and, as a result of its influence, was at the age of nineteen baptized into the Lutheran Church. To this faith he clung with earnest devotion and persistence until his death. Having studied law at Würzburg, Heidelberg and Erlangen, Stahl, on taking the degree of "doctor juris", established himself as "privatdozent" in Munich, was appointed (1832) ordinary professor of law at Würzburg, and in 1840 received the chair of ecclesiastical law and polity at Berlin.

Here he immediately made his mark as an ecclesiastical lawyer, and was appointed a member of the first chamber of the synod. Elected in 1850 a member of the short-lived Erfurt parliament, he bitterly opposed the idea of German federation. Stahl early fell under the influence of Schelling, and at the latter's insistence, began in 1827 his great work: "Die Philosophie des Rechts nach geschichtlicher Ansicht" (an historical view of the philosophy of law), in which he bases all law and political science upon Christian revelation, denies rationalistic doctrines, and, as a deduction from this principle, maintains that a state church must be strictly confessional.

This position he further elucidated in his "Der christliche Staat und sein Verhältniss zum Deismus und Judenthum" (The Christian State and its relation to Deism and Judaism; 1874). As "Oberkirchenrath" (synodal councillor) Stahl used all his influence to weaken the Evangelical Union (i.e. that compromise between the Calvinist and Lutheran doctrines which is the essence of the Prussian Evangelical Church) and to strengthen the influence of the Lutheran Church (cf. Die Lutherische Kirche und die Union, 1859).

The Prussian minister von Bunsen attacked, while King Frederick William IV supported, Stahl in his ecclesiastical policy, and the Prussian Evangelical Church would probably have been dissolved had not the regency of Prince William (afterwards William I, German Emperor) supervened in 1858. Stahl's influence fell under the new régime, and, resigning his seat on the synod, he retired into private life and died at Brückenau.

elected Works

*"Ueber die Kirchenzucht," 1845 (2d ed. 1858);
*"Das Monarchische Prinzip," Heidelberg, 1845;
*"Der Christliche Staat," ib. 1847 (2d ed. 1858);
*"Die Revolution und die Konstitutionelle Monarchie," 1848 (2d ed. 1849);
*"Was Ist Revolution?" ib. 1852, of which three editions were issued. His subsequent writings were:
*"Der Protestantismus als Politisches Prinzip," ib. 1853 (3d ed. 1854);
*"Die Katholischen Widerlegungen," ib. 1854;
*"Wider Bunsen," 1856;
*"Die Lutherische Kirche und die Union," 1859 (2d ed. 1860). After his death there were published
*"Siebenzehn Parlamentarische Reden," ib. 1862, and
*"Die Gegenwärtigen Parteien in Staat und Kirche," ib. 1868.

References

*"Biographie von Stahl", in "Unsere Zeit", vi. 419-447 (anonymous, but probably by Gneist)
* "Pernice, Savigny, Stahl" (anonymous; Berlin, 1862)
*1911

External links

* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1037&letter=S Stahl, Friedrich Julius] (Jewish Encyclopedia)
* [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/encyc11/Page_61.html Stahl, Friedrich Julius] (Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge)
* [http://www.wordbridge.net/stahlproject/index.htm The Stahl Project] (WordBridge Publishing)


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  • Friedrich Julius Stahl — (ursprünglich: Julius Jolson, auch: Golson; * 16. Januar 1802 in Würzburg[1][2][3][4]; † 10. August 1861[5] in Bad Brückenau) war ein deutscher Rechtsphilosoph, Jurist, preußischer Kronsyndikus und Politiker, der in Erlangen zum erwecklichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Stahl — (* 10. Juni 1812 in München; † 19. März 1873 in Gießen) war ein deutscher Staatswissenschaftler und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Studium 2 Tätigkeit 3 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Julius Stahl — Friedrich Julius Stahl, eigentlich Friedrich Julius Jolson, auch: Golson (* 16. Januar 1802 in Würzburg; † 10. August 1861 in Bad Brückenau) war ein deutscher Rechtsphilosoph, Jurist, Kronsyndikus und Politiker, der in den erwecklichen Kreis um… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • STAHL, FRIEDRICH JULIUS — (1802–1861), German conservative politician and political thinker. Born Julius Jolson in Wuerzburg, Bavaria, he grew up in an Orthodox Jewish family, but converted to Lutheranism in 1819, seemingly more out of inner conviction than in order to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • STAHL, FRIEDRICH JULIUS —    writer of jurisprudence, born at Münich, of Jewish parents; embraced Christianity; wrote The Philosophy of Law ; became professor thereof at Berlin; was a staunch Lutheran, and a Conservative in politics (1802 1861) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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