Zhang Xun (Three Kingdoms)

Zhang Xun (Three Kingdoms)

p=Zhāng Xūn
w=Chang Hsün

Zhang Xun (156 – 199) was a Chinese general at the time of the Three Kingdoms.


Born into a middle class family in Huainan, Zhang's shop-owning father was able to pay for his education. He studied with several scholars until he joined the local military under Yuan Shu. He started off as a foot soldier but quickly climbed through the ranks because of the prowess and bravery he showed on the battlefield.

When Yuan Shu declared himself emperor and put Huainan and Shouchun under martial law, he named Zhang to be the Grand General of his armies. A master of cavalry and tactics, Zhang Xun was assigned to crush the warlords in the provinces. He personally killed the warlords he fought by attacking them in the midst of his enemies. Impressed by Zhang Xun's victories, Yuan Shu assigned him the task of attacking Lü Bu.

According to compiled sources, Zhang Xun and Lü Bu fought in the forests around Xiapi and were deadlocked for several hours. Yuan Shu led another army to the battle and attacked the rear of Lü Bu's army, which was commanded by captain Song Xian. Lü Bu redirected his attack at Yuan Shu and threw Zhang's army into disarray. Determined to save his lord, Zhang rushed into the midst of the enemy and slew Chen Zhao (Lü Bu's infantry officer) but was quickly surrounded. He turned his horse and shouted for a retreat back to Huainan. After the battle he was demoted for his failure to maintain the assault.

After the death of Yuan Shu, his forces began to disintegrate. Zhang and others, including Yang Hong, are believed to have desired to go south and submit to Sun Ce, a former officer of Yuan Shu whom Zhang had been close friends with. Liu Xun, the prefect of Lujiang, however, desired to maintain an independent force and detained not only Zhang and Yang, but also Yuan Shu's entire orphaned family, including Yuan's son, Yuan Yao. Sun Ce quickly advanced and defeated Liu without bloodshed, and having lost possession of the Yuan family, Liu fled north to serve Cao Cao, taking Zhang Xun with him. Zhang Xun later died of illness at the age of 43.

ee also

*Three Kingdoms
*Personages of the Three Kingdoms
*"Records of Three Kingdoms"
*"Romance of the Three Kingdoms"

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lu Xun (Three Kingdoms) — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Lu Xun imagesize=140px Caption= Title=Chancellor Kingdom=Eastern Wu Born=183 Died=245 Simp=陆逊 Trad=陸遜 Pinyin=Lù Xùn WG=Lu Hsün Zi=Boyan (伯言) Other=Lu Yi (陸議)Lu Xun (183 ndash; 245) was an officer of Eastern Wu during… …   Wikipedia

  • Three Kingdoms — The Three Kingdoms period (zh tsp|t=三國|s=三国|p=Sānguó) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties following immediately the loss of de facto power of the Han Dynasty emperors. In a strict academic… …   Wikipedia

  • Records of Three Kingdoms — Sangokushi redirects here. For the video game series, see Sangokushi (video game series). Records of Three Kingdoms (simplified Chinese: 三国志; traditional Chinese: 三國志; pinyin: Sānguó Zhì), is regarded as the official and authoritative historical… …   Wikipedia

  • Dong Zhao (Three Kingdoms) — Dong Zhao Traditional Chinese 董昭 Simplified Chinese 董昭 Transcriptions …   Wikipedia

  • Li Yan (Three Kingdoms) — Chinese t=李嚴 s=李严 p=Lǐ YánLi Yan (d. 234) was an officer who lived during the Three Kingdoms period of China s history. He is occasionally listed along with Ma Su and Wei Yan as one of Zhuge Liang s great failures in accurately reading people and …   Wikipedia

  • Romance of the Three Kingdoms — Infobox Book name = Romance of the Three Kingdoms title orig = 三國演義 image caption = An illustration of the book author = Luo Guanzhong illustrator = cover artist = country = China language = Chinese series = subject = genre = Historical novel… …   Wikipedia

  • List of personages of the Three Kingdoms — The following is a list of personages significant to the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history. They provided the basis of what is often termed Matter of the Three Kingdoms , a favourite subject for Chinese folklore. The leading work in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Romance of the Three Kingdoms (TV series) — In 1995, CCTV produced a television adaptation of the novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms . It was a 84 part series with 44 minute long episodes.The whole series took a 1000 strong production group four years to complete, and recruited over… …   Wikipedia

  • Romance of the three kingdoms — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trois Royaumes. Romance of the Three Kingdoms Éditeur Koei Développeur Koei Concepteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Romance of the Three Kingdoms — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trois Royaumes. Romance of the Three Kingdoms Éditeur Koei Développeur Koei Concepteur Kou Shibusawa (producteur) …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.