- Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara
Infobox Australian Place|type=lga
name=Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara
caption=Location of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara
pop=2,230 (2006 Census)
near-ne=Aputula (Finke), NT
near-e=Outback Areas Development Trust, SA
near-sw=Laverton Shire, WA
near-s=Maralinga Tjarutja, SA
near-se=District Council of Coober Pedy, SA
Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) is a large Aboriginal local government area located in the remote north west of
South Australia. It consists of the Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjaraand Ngaanyatjarrapeoples (or Anangu), and has a population of around 2500 people.
The council was formed in
1981by the passing of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Land Rights Act, 1981[ [http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/apylra1981489/ Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Land Rights Act 1981 at "Australasian Legal Information Institute"] ] by the Parliament of South Australia, and includes the Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjaraand Ngaanyatjarragroups. These groups have a long association with the area.Citation|last=Waru.org|title=Organizations|url=http://www.waru.org/organisations/ap/|access-date=2007-06-05]
'Ara Irititja' is a project of the APY, commenced in
1994to identify, copy and electronically record historical materials about Anangu (Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara people). Its purpose is to prevent the loss of the history, and to allow the teaching of it to others in the community.Citation
last=Ara Irititja|title=Online overview|url=http://www.irititja.com/
The peoples of the region have not had any major
economicdevelopment, apart from tourism, but there have been proposals to mine the area. There is also the Mintabie opalfields located in the area but separate. [ [http://www.oacdt.sa.gov.au/communities/map_of_communities/mintabie Mintabie profile at Outback Areas Community Development Trust] ]
MusgraveBlock in the Pitjantjatjara Lands, in South Australia's far north-west, has been viewed as having billions of dollars in potential mineraldeposits and petroleum. But the Yankunytjatjara Pitjantjatjara people, have been wary of opening up the area to mining, concerned about the impact on sacred sites and the environment. There is ongoing discussion with mining companies to allay these worries.Citation
last=Nance Haxton, The ABC|title=Anangu Pitjantjatjara people agree to discussions with mining industry|url=http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2003/s976260.htm
For decades two major issues throughout the APY Lands have been the low standard of health care (comparative with the rest of Australia) and drug abuse, namely alcohol,
petrol sniffing, then cannabisand now other illicit drugs. There are manifest causes for these issues, but part of the problem with stamping out alcohol and illicit drug use has been the straddling of the indigenous areas of three jurisdictions: South Australia, Western Australiaand the Northern Territory. The jurisdictional crossover has made police enforcement of drug trafficking laws difficult. However, recent collaboration has started to deliver results. [Adelaide Advertiser, 23 July 2007 [http://www.news.com.au/adelaidenow/story/0,22606,22116314-5006301,00.html] ]
*In July 2007 SA Police in co-operation with liquor outlets in
Coober Pedy(250km to the south-east entrance to the Lands) agreed to create a register of alcohol purchases, to enable police to identify persons who purchased large quantities of alcohol in Coober Pedy potentially for transportation into Aboriginal lands.
*Also in July 2007, Commonwealth Indigenous Affairs Minister
Mal Broughoffered federal help for a "drug and alcohol crackdown" in South Australian Aboriginal lands - such as the APY Lands. ["Brough offer on Aboriginal lands", "Adelaide Advertiser", August 3, 2007 p14]
* in July 2007, UnitingCare Wesley set up a website [http://www.papertracker.com.au papertracker.com.au] to monitor State and Federal Government spending promises for the APY Lands, tracking the delivery of those promises
*In early August 2007, the Rann South Australian Labor Government announced a $34 million AUD package to "improve well-being of Aboriginal people" in the APY Lands. $25m will be spent on improving housing and most of the remaining $8m on law enforcement in Amata and Pukatja [ [http://www.premier.sa.gov.au/news.php?id=1971 "$34 million package for the APY Lands" 'Minister Weatherill Media Release, 3 August 2007'] 'Retrieved on August 8, 2007'] .
*In November 2007, SA Police Commissioner Mal Hyde announced the signing of a new enterprise agreement for SA Police that would include incentive packages to lure police to work in rural and remote areas such as the APY Lands [ [http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/11/15/2091476.htm?site=southeastsa "Cash Incentives to boost rural SA policing" 'ABC News Online, November 15, 2007'] 'Retrieved on November 27, 2007']
*In May 2008, retired Supreme Court judge the Hon E. P. "Ted" Mullighan QC delivered his supplementary report to his Children in State Care inquiry, entitled the "Children on Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands Commission of Inquiry - a Report into Sexual Abuse" in which Commissioner Mullighan begins in the Preface as follows:
"This Inquiry has uncovered a sad stream of stories from the Lands. I have heard that sexual abuse of children on the Lands has been widespread throughout the communities for many years..." [ [http://www.service.sa.gov.au/ContentPages/sagovt/mullighaninquiry_apy.aspx Mullighan Inquiry Report] 'Retrieved on May 7th, 2008']
The statutory functions of the APY are::(a) to ascertain the wishes and opinions of traditional owners in relation to the management, use and control of the lands and to seek, where practicable, to give effect to those wishes and opinions; :(b) to protect the interests of traditional owners in relation to the management, use and control of the lands; and:(c) to negotiate with persons desiring to use, occupy or gain access to any part of the lands; :(d) to administer land vested in Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara.
The 2006 ABS identified that the APY Lands had 2,230 residents, 50.6% of whom were female and 84.5% of whom were
Indigenous Australians(compared to a national percentage of 2.3%).
The APY Lands communities had a significantly higher proportion of younger people than the overall Australian population, and accordingly significantly lower proportion of older people than the overall population.
98% of the residents were Australian-born (compared to 86.1% nationwide).
58.6% of residents listed
Pitjantjatjaraas the language spoken at home, whilst 14.3% listed Yankunytjatjaraas their spoken language. 18.7% gave English as the language spoken at home, compared with 78.5% of the overall Australian population.
46.1% identified with being affiliated with the
Uniting Church in Australia(compared to 5.7% with that affiliation nationwide), explainable by the UCA's significant presence in each community.
Median incomes in the APY Lands were significantly lower than the Australian population, with a median individual weekly income of $219/week compared with $466/week nationwide.
The APY Lands have a significantly larger proportion of single-parent families (30.1% cf 15.8% nationwide).
Home ownership is a distant reality for most people on the APY Lands, with only 7% of residents either fully owning or in the process of purchasing their own home - compared with 32.6% of Australians fully owning and 32.2% purchasing (a nett of 64.8%). The majority of APY Lands residents are likely to have a landlord.
The local government area encompasses a number of settlements of a range of sizes. The full list is: [ [http://waru.org/aboutus_sa.php waru.org: About Us ] ]
*Umuwa - The administrative centre of the APY
*Mintabie, a largely non-indigenous opal mining community in the south (only accessible with APY permit)
The Anangu Lands Paper Tracker website operated by Uniting Care Wesley Adelaide provides an interactive map of the communities (see Links section below).
The UnitingCare Wesley Adelaide project, [http://www.papertracker.com.au "Paper Tracker"] describes that as from October 2007 a bus service will operate through the lands connecting via Marla to
In 2004, the South Australian Government allocated funding for a public transport bus service on the APY Lands. From October 2007, a twice-weekly return service will run from Alice Springs to Marla via main communities on the eastern-side of the APY Lands. [ [http://www.papertracker.com.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=80&Itemid=57 APY Lands: public transport bus service] Paper Tracker Project, UnitingCare Wesley "Retrieved on October 2, 2007"]
Even in this remote area, houses have telephones, access to multiple television channels including (
Imparjaand ABC), and mail is delivered twice weekly by air from Alice Springs. Many of the localities described above are slated for broadbanddelivery in the near future.
In 2008, the
Northern Territoryproposes under its local government reforms to create the MacDonnell Shirewhich will span the south of the Territory from western to eastern border, thereby comprising the adjoining LGA across the top of the APY Lands.
Outback Areas Community Development Trustin South Australiais not an LGA, but is the authority responsible for the development of areas adjoining the APY Lands (not including Maralinga Tjarutjato the south and the District Council of Coober Pedyto the non-immediate, but relatively nearby, south-east).
* [http://www.waru.org Official website]
* [http://www.lga.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?c=4132 LGA website]
*Aboriginal Lands Joint Standing Committee of South Australian Parliament [http://www.parliament.sa.gov.au/Committees/Standing/LC/AboriginalLandsParliamentaryStandingCommittee/Aboriginal+Lands+Parliamentary+Standing+Committee.htm]
* [http://www.papertracker.com.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=51&Itemid=67 Anangu Paper Tracker website interactive map including APY communities]
*Census 2006 AUS|id=LGA40250|name=Anangu Pitjantjatjara (AC) (Local Government Area)|quick=on|accessdate=2007-07-17
title="The Pitjantjatjara Land Rights Act 1981" - Presentation by the Hon Robert Lawson MLC
work=The Bennelong Society 2003 Conference "An Indigenous Future? Challenges and Opportunities"
title=Ministerial Press Release - "Financial counsellor for aboriginal communities"
work=South Australian Government - Minister for Consumer Affairs
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara — (Aboriginal Community) Lage von Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara in South Australia Glieder … Deutsch Wikipedia
Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara — 26° 29′ 25″ S 132° 00′ 28″ E / 26.490277, 132.007777 … Wikipédia en Français
Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara — noun 1. a local government area in the north western corner of South Australia, populated by the Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjara and Ngaanyatjarra peoples, formed from a land title grant made in 1981. 2. the council which represents this area.… … Australian English dictionary
Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Land Rights Act, 1981 — Infobox Legislation Name= Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankuntjatjara Land Rights Act Parliament/Congress/Senate it was passed in= South Australia Logo of that parliament or congress= longtitle=An Act to provide for the vesting of title to certain lands … Wikipedia
Anangu — Anangu, more accurately Aṉaŋu or Arnangu (pronounced mid way between Arn Ang Goo and An An Ooo , with the stress on the first syllable; IPA2|ˈaɳaŋʊ) is a word found in a number of eastern varieties of the Western Desert Language (WDL), an… … Wikipedia
Anangu Schools — are schools in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) in the north west of South Australia. They are staffed by the South Australian Department of Education and Children s Services, these staff require permits to enter and work on the… … Wikipedia
Pitjantjatjara — Infobox Ethnic group group = Pitjantjatjara population = region1 = Flag|Australia pop1 = ref1 = region2 = Central Australia: pop2 = approx. 4,000 ref2 = region3 = Flag|South Australia Flag|Northern Territory pop3 = ref3 = region4 = pop4 = ref4 =… … Wikipedia
Pitjantjatjara — Kulturarela Desert Pitjantjatjara Aussprache: [ˈpɪcaɲcacaɾa] ist die Bezeichnung eines Stammes der Aborigines in Central Australia und ihrer Sprache. Sie sind nahe Verwandte der Yankunytjatjara und der Ngaanyatjarra sowie der Ghyeisyriieue. Ihre… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yankunytjatjara — Los yankunytjatjara son un pueblo aborigen australiano muy cercano a los pitjantjatjara y de historia muy similar. Las lenguas de ambos pueblos son muy parecidas; el idioma yankunytjatjara mezcla palabras del inglés y del idioma pitjantjatjara.… … Wikipedia Español
Anangu — Anangu, signifiant « être humain », est un mot commun à plusieurs langues pama nyungan, une famille linguistique aborigène des déserts dans l ouest et le centre de l’Australie. Il est utilisé par l’ensemble des aborigènes de ces régions … Wikipédia en Français