- National Civic Union (Argentina)
The National Civic Union (in Spanish Unión Cívica Nacional) was an Argentine political party formed in 1891 as the result of a split in the Civic Union, and dissolved in 1916. It was initially based largely on the personality of its leader, Bartolomé Mitre.
On April 13, 1890, supporters of the Civic Union of the Youth established the Civic Union in a ceremony at the Buenos Aires Frontón. Leandro N. Alem was elected president and leaders were drawn from all tendencies within the anti-government movement, including Francisco A. Barroetaveña, José Manuel Estrada, Pedro Goyena, Aristóbulo del Valle, Bernardo de Irigoyen, Juan B. Justo, Lisandro de la Torre, and influential ex-president and general Bartolomé Mitre.
The same year, supporters of the Civic Union, led by Leandro Alem and Bartolomé Mitre, instigated the Revolution of the Park, an armed uprising that ousted president Juárez Celman and replaced him with vice president Carlos Pellegrini.
The Civic Union established a presidential ticket with Bartolomé Mitre and Bernardo de Irigoyen. However, Julio Argentino Roca, undisputed leader of the pro-government National Autonomist Party, made a deal with Mitre to form a "national unity" ticket headed by Mitre. After learning of the arrangement on April 16, Leandro Alem opposed it emphatically, splitting the Civic Union and forcing Mitre to abandon his candidacy.
On June 26, Alem's supporters formally founded the Radical Civic Union. In response, Mitre's followers formed the National Civic Union. Members of the latter became known as the Civics, while those of the former became known as the Radicals.
Apart from Bartolomé Mitre, politicians associated with the National Civic Union included Guillermo Udaondo and Honorio Pueyrredón.
The Civics and the Radicals proved to be close on most issues, and tended to collaborate. In 1896 the personal link between Mitre and Radical Bernardo de Irigoyen gave rise to the so-called política de las paralelas, whereby the two parties appointed candidates to a common electoral list. In 1897, in opposition to the política de las paralelas, Hipólito Yrigoyen dissolved the Radical Committee of the Province of Buenos Aires.
In 1916, when Radical candidate Yrigoyen won the presidential election, Pueyrredón proposed the dissolution of the National Civic Union. His proposal was accepted, with the majority of the party's members transferring their allegiance to the Radical Civic Union.
- Luna, Felix (1994). Soy Roca. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana. ISBN 987-566-076-0.
- Luna, Felix (1964). Yrigoyen. Buenos Aires: Desarrollo.
Former political parties and alliances in Argentina XIXth Century
Early XXth CenturyUnitarian Party · Federal Party (PF) · National Autonomist Party (PAN) · Civic Union of the Youth (UCJ) · Civic Union · National Civic Union (UCN) · National Autonomist Party (Modernist) · Lencinism (Mendoza) · Rightist Confederation · Independent Socialist Party (PSI) · National Democratic Party (PDN) · Concordancia
Mid XXth CenturyDemocratic Union (UD) · Radical Civic Union (Junta Renovadora) · Labour Party (PL) · Peronist Party (PP) · Female Peronist Party · Intransigent Radical Civic Union (UCRI) · Radical Civic Union of the People (UCRP) · Democratic Socialist Party (PSD) · Socialist Party of Argentina (PSA) · Revolutionary and Popular Indo-american Front (FRIP) · Union of the Argentine People (UDELPA) · Argentine Socialist Vanguard Party (PSAV) · Socialist Party of the National Left (PSIN) · Popular Socialist Party (PSP) · Worker's Socialist Party (PST) · Federalist Popular Alliance (APF) · Revolutionary Popular Alliance (APR) · Justicialist Front for National Liberation (FREJULI) Late XXth Century
Early XXIst CenturyFederalist Popular Force (FUFEPO) · Autonomist-Liberal Pact (Corrientes) · Alliance for Work, Justice and Education (ALIANZA) · Front for a Country in Solidarity (FREPASO) · Argentines for a Republic of Equals (ARI) · United Left (IU) · Front for Change · Encuentro Amplio · An Advanced Nation (UNA)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Civic Union (Argentina) — The Civic Union was a short lived political party in Argentina, founded on April 13, 1890 out of the Civic Union of the Youth. That same year it led the Revolution of the Park that forced President Miguel Juárez Celman resignation, but shortly… … Wikipedia
National Democratic Party (Argentina) — The National Democratic Party, or Partido Demócrata Nacional (PDN) was an Argentine conservative party created in 1931 which disappeared after 1955. It was generally known simply as the Conservative Party, or Partido Conservador.  Along the… … Wikipedia
Civic Union of the Youth — Francisco Barroetaveña, President of the Civic Union of the Youth The Civic Union of the Youth (in Spanish, Unión Cívica de la Juventud) was a youth oriented Argentine political party founded on September 1, 1889 and dissolved on April 13, 1890… … Wikipedia
Radical Civic Union — Unión Cívica Radical Leader Ernesto Sanz Founded June 26 … Wikipedia
Radical Civic Union — ▪ political party, Argentina Spanish Unión Cívica Radical major centre left political party in Argentina. For much of the 20th century, the Radical Civic Union (UCR) was the primary opposition party to the Peronists, who are represented… … Universalium
National Autonomist Party — Julio A. Roca, principal figure of the National Autonomist Party The National Autonomist Party (Partido Autonomista Nacional PAN) was an Argentine political party during the 1874 1916 period. Created on March 15, 1874 by the union of the… … Wikipedia
Civic Youth Union — The Civic Youth Union (in Spanish, Unión Cívica de la Juventud ) was a youth oriented Argentine political party founded on September 1, 1889 and dissolved on April 13, 1890 with the establishment of the Civic Union. Soon afterward its leaders… … Wikipedia
Civic Coalition — Coalición Cívica Leader Elisa Carrió Founded 2007 … Wikipedia
Civic Coalition ARI — Coalición Cívica ARI Leader Elisa Carrió Founded 2001 … Wikipedia
Argentina — /ahr jeuhn tee neuh/; Sp. /ahrdd hen tee nah/, n. a republic in S South America. 35,797,536; 1,084,120 sq. mi. (2,807,870 sq. km). Cap.: Buenos Aires. Also called the Argentine. Official name, Argentine Republic. * * * Argentina Introduction… … Universalium