National Civic Union (Argentina)

National Civic Union (Argentina)
Bartolomé Mitre, founder of the National Civic Union

The National Civic Union (in Spanish Unión Cívica Nacional) was an Argentine political party formed in 1891 as the result of a split in the Civic Union, and dissolved in 1916. It was initially based largely on the personality of its leader, Bartolomé Mitre.

Contents

Origin

See Civic Union of the Youth.

On April 13, 1890, supporters of the Civic Union of the Youth established the Civic Union in a ceremony at the Buenos Aires Frontón. Leandro N. Alem was elected president and leaders were drawn from all tendencies within the anti-government movement, including Francisco A. Barroetaveña, José Manuel Estrada, Pedro Goyena, Aristóbulo del Valle, Bernardo de Irigoyen, Juan B. Justo, Lisandro de la Torre, and influential ex-president and general Bartolomé Mitre.

The same year, supporters of the Civic Union, led by Leandro Alem and Bartolomé Mitre, instigated the Revolution of the Park, an armed uprising that ousted president Juárez Celman and replaced him with vice president Carlos Pellegrini.

The Civic Union established a presidential ticket with Bartolomé Mitre and Bernardo de Irigoyen. However, Julio Argentino Roca, undisputed leader of the pro-government National Autonomist Party, made a deal with Mitre to form a "national unity" ticket headed by Mitre. After learning of the arrangement on April 16, Leandro Alem opposed it emphatically, splitting the Civic Union and forcing Mitre to abandon his candidacy.

On June 26, Alem's supporters formally founded the Radical Civic Union. In response, Mitre's followers formed the National Civic Union. Members of the latter became known as the Civics, while those of the former became known as the Radicals.

Political activity

Apart from Bartolomé Mitre, politicians associated with the National Civic Union included Guillermo Udaondo and Honorio Pueyrredón.

The Civics and the Radicals proved to be close on most issues, and tended to collaborate. In 1896 the personal link between Mitre and Radical Bernardo de Irigoyen gave rise to the so-called política de las paralelas, whereby the two parties appointed candidates to a common electoral list. In 1897, in opposition to the política de las paralelas, Hipólito Yrigoyen dissolved the Radical Committee of the Province of Buenos Aires.

In 1916, when Radical candidate Yrigoyen won the presidential election, Pueyrredón proposed the dissolution of the National Civic Union. His proposal was accepted, with the majority of the party's members transferring their allegiance to the Radical Civic Union.

Works cited

  • Luna, Felix (1994). Soy Roca. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana. ISBN 987-566-076-0. 
  • Luna, Felix (1964). Yrigoyen. Buenos Aires: Desarrollo. 

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Civic Union (Argentina) — The Civic Union was a short lived political party in Argentina, founded on April 13, 1890 out of the Civic Union of the Youth. That same year it led the Revolution of the Park that forced President Miguel Juárez Celman resignation, but shortly… …   Wikipedia

  • National Democratic Party (Argentina) — The National Democratic Party, or Partido Demócrata Nacional (PDN) was an Argentine conservative party created in 1931 which disappeared after 1955. It was generally known simply as the Conservative Party, or Partido Conservador. [1] Along the… …   Wikipedia

  • Civic Union of the Youth — Francisco Barroetaveña, President of the Civic Union of the Youth The Civic Union of the Youth (in Spanish, Unión Cívica de la Juventud) was a youth oriented Argentine political party founded on September 1, 1889 and dissolved on April 13, 1890… …   Wikipedia

  • Radical Civic Union — Unión Cívica Radical Leader Ernesto Sanz Founded June 26 …   Wikipedia

  • Radical Civic Union — ▪ political party, Argentina Spanish  Unión Cívica Radical         major centre left political party in Argentina. For much of the 20th century, the Radical Civic Union (UCR) was the primary opposition party to the Peronists, who are represented… …   Universalium

  • National Autonomist Party — Julio A. Roca, principal figure of the National Autonomist Party The National Autonomist Party (Partido Autonomista Nacional PAN) was an Argentine political party during the 1874 1916 period. Created on March 15, 1874 by the union of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Civic Youth Union — The Civic Youth Union (in Spanish, Unión Cívica de la Juventud ) was a youth oriented Argentine political party founded on September 1, 1889 and dissolved on April 13, 1890 with the establishment of the Civic Union. Soon afterward its leaders… …   Wikipedia

  • Civic Coalition — Coalición Cívica Leader Elisa Carrió Founded 2007 …   Wikipedia

  • Civic Coalition ARI — Coalición Cívica ARI Leader Elisa Carrió Founded 2001 …   Wikipedia

  • Argentina — /ahr jeuhn tee neuh/; Sp. /ahrdd hen tee nah/, n. a republic in S South America. 35,797,536; 1,084,120 sq. mi. (2,807,870 sq. km). Cap.: Buenos Aires. Also called the Argentine. Official name, Argentine Republic. * * * Argentina Introduction… …   Universalium


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»