Ennerdale Water


Ennerdale Water

Infobox lake
lake_name = Ennerdale Water
image_lake = Ennerdale Water.jpg
caption_lake =
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location = Lake District, Cumbria
coords = coord|54|31|12|N|3|22|34|W|region:GB_type:waterbody|display=inline,title
type = natural lake, reservoir
inflow = River Liza
outflow = River Ehen
catchment =
basin_countries = United Kingdom
length = 4.17 km
width = 1.28 km
area = 3 km2
depth =
max-depth = 45 m (150 ft)
volume =
residence_time =
shore = 10 km
elevation = 113 m
islands = 4
cities =

Ennerdale Water is the most westerly lake in the Lake District national park in Cumbria, northern England. It is a glacial lake, at its deepest only 45 metres (150 ft), and measures between 700 and 1,500 metres (1/2 mile to a mile) across and 3.9 kilometres (2 1/2 miles) long, making it one of the smaller lakes in the Park. It is close to the port of Whitehaven the town of Cleator Moor and also the village of Cleator. The lake is owned by United Utilities and is both a reservoir, serving over 30,000 customers daily, and a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its lakeshore habitats.

Ennerdale Water is used by hikers, tourists and cyclists, but not as heavily as other lakes in the National Park, and thus it has not been spoiled by construction, activity on the lake or any other trappings of intensive tourism. This is due to the Ennerdale valley's remote location, the lack of a public road up the valley and management by the Forestry Commission, National Trust and United Utilities. In 2003 these three landowners formed the Wild Ennerdale Partnership with a vision "to allow the evolution of Ennerdale as a wild valley for the benefit of people relying more on natural processes to shape its landscape and ecology". As a result Ennerdale Water is arguably one of the more natural-looking lakes in the Lake District.

The small village of Ennerdale Bridge lies to the west of the lake. Containing little more than a shop, a couple of pubs and few houses, it is a typical small Cumbrian village. Once a year during the last week in August the Ennerdale Show brings local people together with agricultural displays, competitions, arts and crafts.

Geography

Geographically, the lake itself lies nestled in a valley (also known as Ennerdale) surrounded by a large range of fells including some of the highest and best known peaks in Cumbria such as Great Gable (899 m), Green Gable, Brandreth, High Crag, Steeple and Pillar.

The level of the lake has been artificially raised by construction of a weir, to enable it to be used as a reservoir for Whitehaven.

Ennerdale Water is fed by the River Liza and other streams, in turn it feeds the River Ehen which runs to the Irish Sea.

Etymology

The lake in Ennerdale has been referred to variously in guidebooks and maps as "Brodewater" (1576), "Brodwater" (1695), "Broad Water" (1760), "Ennerdale Water" (1784) and latterly "Ennerdale Lake" in Otley's Guide of (1823). It is now the Ordnance Survey convention to name it "Ennerdale Water".

Ennerdale Water in film

Though the Lake District is a popular UK location for film shoots, Ennerdale has been left relatively in the shadow, with only a few brief exceptions. The closing sequences of the movie "28 Days Later" (2002), directed by Danny Boyle, were filmed around the Ennerdale area, and include a sweeping panoramic view of the lake.

The Girt Dog

In 1810, a large, mysterious carnivore killed hundreds of sheep in and around Ennerdale before it was hunted down and killed. The locals dubbed it the Girt Dog of Ennerdale, though it bore the traits of both a dog and a large cat.

External links

* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-buttermereandennerdale/ Buttermere and Ennerdale information at the National Trust.]
* [http://www.wildennerdale.co.uk/ Wild Ennerdale]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ennerdale Water — Bild gesucht  BW Geographische Lage Cumbria, England Zuflüsse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ennerdale Water — Sp Ènerdeil Vòteris Ap Ennerdale Water L ež. Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Anglijoje) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Ennerdale Water — /ɛnədeɪl ˈwɔtə/ (say enuhdayl wawtuh) noun a lake in Cumbria in the Lake District of north western England. 4 km long …   Australian English dictionary

  • Buttermere and Ennerdale — is a National Trust property located in the Lake District of Cumbria, England.The property comprises an area of 8,866 acres (35.88 km²) of fell and common land, including the lakes of Buttermere, Crummock Water and Loweswater, seven farms and… …   Wikipedia

  • Coniston Water — View from Holme Fell, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north Location Lake District, Cumbria Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Crummock Water — from Rannerdale Knotts …   Wikipedia

  • Girt dog of Ennerdale — The Girt (or “Great”) Dog of Ennerdale is the name given to a mysterious creature that cut a bloody swathe through the Cumberland fells in 1810. After a killing spree that lasted six months, between three and four hundred sheep were known to have …   Wikipedia

  • Civil parishes in Cumbria — A map of Cumbria, showing the districts: (1) Barrow in Furness; (2) South Lakeland; (3) Copeland; (4) Allerdale; (5) Eden; and (6) Carlisle. A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are …   Wikipedia

  • Lake District — The Skiddaw massif, town of Keswick and Derwent Water seen from Walla Crag …   Wikipedia

  • Red Pike (Buttermere) — Red Pike Red Pike from Bleaberry Tarn Elevation 755 m (2,477 ft) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.