- Ennerdale Water
lake_name = Ennerdale Water
image_lake = Ennerdale Water.jpg
Lake District, Cumbria
coords = coord|54|31|12|N|3|22|34|W|region:GB_type:waterbody|display=inline,title
type = natural lake,
basin_countries = United Kingdom
length = 4.17 km
width = 1.28 km
area = 3 km2
max-depth = 45 m (150 ft)
shore = 10 km
elevation = 113 m
islands = 4
Ennerdale Water is the most westerly lake in the
Lake District national parkin Cumbria, northern England. It is a glacial lake, at its deepest only 45 metres (150 ft), and measures between 700 and 1,500 metres (1/2 mile to a mile) across and 3.9 kilometres (2 1/2 miles) long, making it one of the smaller lakesin the Park. It is close to the port of Whitehaventhe town of Cleator Moorand also the village of Cleator. The lake is owned by United Utilitiesand is both a reservoir, serving over 30,000 customers daily, and a Site of Special Scientific Interestfor its lakeshore habitats.
Ennerdale Water is used by hikers, tourists and cyclists, but not as heavily as other lakes in the National Park, and thus it has not been spoiled by construction, activity on the lake or any other trappings of intensive tourism. This is due to the Ennerdale valley's remote location, the lack of a public road up the valley and management by the
Forestry Commission, National Trust and United Utilities. In 2003 these three landowners formed the Wild Ennerdale Partnership with a vision "to allow the evolution of Ennerdale as a wild valley for the benefit of people relying more on natural processes to shape its landscape and ecology". As a result Ennerdale Water is arguably one of the more natural-looking lakes in the Lake District.
The small village of Ennerdale Bridge lies to the west of the lake. Containing little more than a shop, a couple of pubs and few houses, it is a typical small
Cumbrian village. Once a year during the last week in August the Ennerdale Show brings local people together with agricultural displays, competitions, arts and crafts.
Geographically, the lake itself lies nestled in a valley (also known as Ennerdale) surrounded by a large range of
fellsincluding some of the highest and best known peaks in Cumbria such as Great Gable(899 m), Green Gable, Brandreth, High Crag, Steeple and Pillar.
The level of the lake has been artificially raised by construction of a weir, to enable it to be used as a reservoir for Whitehaven.
Ennerdale Water is fed by the
River Lizaand other streams, in turn it feeds the River Ehenwhich runs to the Irish Sea. Etymology
The lake in Ennerdale has been referred to variously in guidebooks and maps as "Brodewater" (1576), "Brodwater" (1695), "Broad Water" (1760), "Ennerdale Water" (1784) and latterly "Ennerdale Lake" in Otley's Guide of (1823). It is now the
Ordnance Surveyconvention to name it "Ennerdale Water".
Ennerdale Water in film
Though the Lake District is a popular UK location for film shoots, Ennerdale has been left relatively in the shadow, with only a few brief exceptions. The closing sequences of the movie "
28 Days Later" (2002), directed by Danny Boyle, were filmed around the Ennerdale area, and include a sweeping panoramic view of the lake.
The Girt Dog
In 1810, a large, mysterious carnivore killed hundreds of sheep in and around Ennerdale before it was hunted down and killed. The locals dubbed it the
Girt Dog of Ennerdale, though it bore the traits of both a dog and a large cat.
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-buttermereandennerdale/ Buttermere and Ennerdale information at the National Trust.]
* [http://www.wildennerdale.co.uk/ Wild Ennerdale]
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