- Media in Washington, D.C.
Washington D.C., as the national capital of the United States, has numerous media outlets in various mediums. Some of these media are known throughout the United States including the newspaper The Washington Post and various broadcasting networks headquartered in D.C. .
The Washington Post is the oldest and most-read daily newspaper in Washington, and it has developed into one of the most reputable daily newspapers in the U.S. It is most notable for exposing the Watergate scandal, among other achievements. The Washington Post Company has multiple media holdings, including a daily free newspaper called the Express, the Washington Post News Service with Bloomberg News, Fashion Washington, El Tiempo Latino (a Spanish-language publication), The Slate Group, The Daily Herald (in Washington state), as well as the education company Kaplan, Inc.. The Washington Post emphasizes national and political news coverage but also covers regional and local stories. Headquartered in downtown Washington, the newspaper employs journalists at 11 regional bureaus in Maryland and Virginia and 14 international bureaus. Content is shared across titles within the Washington Post Company, and the Express, in particular, often reprints content from the Associated Press, Getty Images, and other wire sources.
The daily Washington Times and the free weekly Washington City Paper also have substantial readership in the District. On February 1, 2005 the free daily tabloid Washington Examiner debuted, having been formed from a chain of suburban newspapers known as the Journal Newspapers.
The weekly Washington Blade and Metro Weekly focus on gay issues, and the Washington Sun, the Washington Informer, and also Washington Afro on African American issues. Bi-weekly Street Sense focuses on issues of homelessness poverty, and life on the streets. Other special-interest papers include Roll Call, a daily paper focused on politics.
Many neighborhoods in the District have their own community newspapers. Some of these include The Current Newspapers, which has editions serving Dupont Circle, Foggy Bottom, Georgetown, Chevy Chase and Upper Northwest, and a Capitol Hill paper called The Capitol Hill Current/Voice of the Hill. Additional papers include In-Towner (Dupont Circle, Logan Circle and Adams Morgan), Hill Rag (Capitol Hill), East of the River (Anacostia) and D.C. North (Northeast D.C.). In addition, several specialty newspapers serve the U.S. Congress; most notable are Roll Call, The Hill, and Politico.
As of 2008, the Washington Metropolitan Area was the 9th largest designated market area in the U.S., with 2,321,610 TV homes (2.028% of the U.S. population). The following is a list of television stations serving the metro area:
Digital Channel Digital Subchannel Analog Channel Callsign Network City of License Notes 4 (Virtual); 48 4.1 - WRC-TV NBC Washington, D.C. - 4.2 - "NBC Washington Nonstop" 4.3 Universal Sports 5 (Virtual); 36 5.1 - WTTG FOX Washington, D.C. - - - 6 WDCN-LP - Fairfax, Virginia Spanish audio only 7 7.1 - WJLA-TV ABC Washington, D.C. Broadcasts from Arlington, Virginia 7.2 AccuWeather 7.3 RTV 9 9.1 - WUSA CBS Washington, D.C. - 9.2 - Local Weather 14 (Virtual); 15 15.1 - WFDC-DT Univision Arlington, Virginia Broadcasts from Washington 20 (Virtual); 35 20.1 - WDCA MyNetworkTV Washington, D.C. - 22 (Virtual); 42 22.1 - WMPT PBS Annapolis, Maryland - 22.2 - MPT2 22.3 V-me - - - 23 WDDN-LP Daystar Washington, D.C. - - - 25 WZDC-CA Telemundo Washington, D.C. - 26 (Virtual); 27 26.1 - WETA-TV PBS (HD) Washington, D.C. Broadcasts from Arlington, Virginia 26.2 Create 26.3 - WETA Kids Channel; Broadcasts from Arlington, Virginia 26.4 PBS (SD) Broadcasts from Arlington, Virginia 30 (Virtual); 24 30.1 - WNVC MHz Worldview Fairfax, Virginia Broadcasts from Falls Church, Virginia 30.2 NHK World 30.3 Metro Chinese Network 30.4 RT (English) 30.5 Al Jazeera English 30 30.6 - WNVT Euronews/VTV4 Goldvein, Virginia Broadcasts from Falls Church, Virginia 30.7 France 24 30.8 RT (Spanish) 30.9 Arirang 30.10 ETV 32 (Virtual); 33 32.1 - WHUT-TV PBS (HD) Washington, D.C. Howard University 32.2 PBS (SD) 47 (Virtual); 8 47.1 - WMDO-CA TeleFutura Washington, D.C. - 47.2 LATV 50 50.1 - WDCW CW Washington, D.C. - 50.2 Antenna TV 50.3 This TV - - 58 WIAV-LP AsiaVision Washington, D.C. Broadcasts from Greenbelt, Maryland 66 (Virtual); 43 66.1 - WPXW-TV ION Manassas, Virginia Broadcasts from Fairfax Station, Virginia 66.2 qubo 66.3 ION Life
Most Baltimore area television stations can be seen in the Washington region. Besides being viewed clearly in the District, they can especially be seen in the suburbs of the Interstate 95 corridor between both cities. They are: WMAR 2 (ABC), WBAL 11 (NBC), WJZ 13 (CBS), WMPT 22 / WMPB 67 (PBS/MPB), WUTB 24 (MyNetwork TV), WBFF 45 (FOX), and WNUV 54 (The CW). A DC-MD-VA regional news station, TBD TV, is carried on Channel 8 on all cable systems in Washington, D.C. and surrounding communities.
Public, educational, and government access (PEG) on cable tv is provided by the Public Access Corporation of the District of Columbia on two channels simulcast to both local cable TV systems. One channel is devoted to religious programming and the other channel provides a diversity of offerings. The District's two Public, educational, and government access (PEG) Channels are DCTV, a non-profit media outlet that provides training and production opportunities to local residents, and OCT TV-16, which provides information about government programs, services, and related opportunities.
Major national broadcasters and cable outlets including NBC, ABC, CBS, FOX, and CNN maintain a significant presence in Washington, as do those from around the world including the BBC, CBC, and Al Jazeera. The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. Also, several cable television networks have their headquarters in the Washington area, including:
- Discovery Channel in Silver Spring, Maryland
- National Geographic Channel
- Travel Channel in Chevy Chase, Maryland
America's Most Wanted is the only network primetime program produced in Washington.
As of 2008, the Washington Metropolitan Area was the 9th largest radio market in the United States with a Metro 12+ Population of 4,238,100. The following is a list of radio stations serving the metro area:
Radio CPR 97.5 FM is a popular pirate radio station that broadcasts in the area around Mount Pleasant, Adams Morgan and Columbia Heights in Washington. Additionally, most major radio stations from Baltimore, Maryland can be heard in the Washington metropolitan area. WINC 92.5 FM from Winchester, Virginia, can also be occasionally received in some sections of Northwest.
WOL 1450 AM, WKYS 93.9 FM, and WMMJ 102.3 are owned by Washington's Radio One, the largest African American media conglomerate in the country. It was founded by Cathy Hughes, a prominent figure in Washington radio since her days at Howard University's WHUR. Local news radio includes WAMU (88.5 FM), the largest publicly supported station, which broadcasts from American University and features programming from NPR and the BBC, as well as local shows like that of DC talk show host Kojo Nnamdi. WTOP is another all-news broadcast radio station serving the metro area, owned by Bonneville International Corporation.
Washington has over 60 online news outlets, in addition to websites run by the major print and broadcast media outlets. Washington ranks first out of the nation's largest designated market areas in household possession of a computer (82.9% of adults in the metro area) and Internet access (80% of adults online in the last 30 days). For news consumption, the city's major mainstream print and broadcast outlets command the most page views online, as well: WashingtonPost.com leads the pack with 10.6 million readers, an audience that extends beyond the metro region to include visitors from across the country. These mainstream outlets use their websites for various purposes. WashingtonPost.com, for example, features 107 blogs, including a section of the site called "All Opinions Are Local," which republishes selected content from area bloggers. Other types of partnerships include TV broadcaster WUSA's pairing with Metromix, an online entertainment guide that caters to a younger audience than those who tune into the station's news broadcasts.
Blogs—whether hyperlocal, citywide, or regional—also play a significant role in DC's media environment. The earliest blogs that remain active today began in 2003, and the most recent projects are still in progress. "JDLand.com" was the first hyperlocal blog to gain traction in Washington: Founded by Jacqueline Dupree in 2003, the blog covers developments in her neighborhood of Near Southeast and averages one to two posts per day. "DCist", a member of the Gothamist blog network, has the largest readership of any local blog in DC with 1.7 million page views per month. The blog averages 15–20 posts per day and contains a mix of commentary, reader submissions, original reporting, and republished news. It covers a variety of neighborhoods across the District. "Prince of Petworth" is another blog with a well-developed following; it was founded in 2006 and has since expanded from its focus on the Northwest DC neighborhood of Petworth to include 34 neighborhoods across the city. In Southeast Washington, the leading blog is "And Now, Anacostia," which commands approximately 5,000 page views per month.
A joint TV-online venture, TBD launched in August 2010 under the ownership of Allbritton Communications, which also owns Politico and broadcasters WJLA and News Channel 8, now rebranded as TBD TV. General Manager Jim Brady founded TBD after leaving WashingtonPost.com, and founding editor Erik Wemple came by way of local alt-weekly The Washington City Paper. TBD covers the entire metro region and includes a section on its homepage for news personalized to a user's zip code. One of the site's main features is its "Community Network," which brings together the work of local bloggers.
- ^ Kristine Gloria and Kara Hadge, "An Information Community Case Study: Washington, DC," Washington, DC: New America Foundation, 2010, http://mediapolicy.newamerica.net/publications/policy/an_information_community_case_study_washington_dc. Retrieved 9 Sept. 2010.
- ^ "Local Television Market Universe Estimates". Nielsen. 2008. http://en-us.nielsen.com/etc/content/nielsen_dotcom/en_us/home/measurement/tv_research.mbt.39577.RelatedLinks.13293.MediaPath.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- ^ "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/fcc-bin/audio/tvq.html. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- ^ "Stations for Washington, District of Columbia". RabbitEars.Info. http://www.rabbitears.info/market.php?request=print_market&mktid=11. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Kristine Gloria and Kara Hadge, "An Information Community Case Study: Washington, DC," Washington, DC: New America Foundation, 2010, http://mediapolicy.newamerica.net/publications/policy/an_information_community_case_study_washington_dc. Retrieved 23 Sept. 2010.
- ^ "Arbitron Radio Market Rankings: Fall 2008". Arbitron. 2008-10-14. http://www.arbitron.com/radio_stations/mm001050.asp. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
- ^ "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/amq.html. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
- ^ a b "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. http://www.arbitron.com/radio_stations/station_information.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
- ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/fmq.html. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
- ^ Washington Post Media, Market Book, p. 7, http://www.washingtonpostads.com/adsite/_res/files/managed/2010%20Market%20Book.pdf. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
District of Columbia Topics Government
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