List of eponymous adjectives in English


List of eponymous adjectives in English

An eponymous adjective is an adjective which has been derived from the name of a person, real or fictional. Persons from whose name the adjectives have been derived are called eponyms.

Following is a list of eponymous adjectives in English.

A–C

*AaronicAaron (as in "Aaronic Priesthood")
*AbbasidAbbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (as in "Abbasid Dynasty")
*AbelianNiels Henrik Abel (as in "Abelian group")
*AbrahamicAbraham (as in "Abrahamic religions")
*AchilleanAchilles, of Greek mythology
*AdamicAdam (as in "Adamic language"); also Adamite (as in "pre-Adamite race")
*AddisonianThomas Addison (as in "Addisonian crisis")
*AdlerianAlfred Adler (as in "Classical Adlerian psychology")
*AegeanAegeus, of Greek mythology (as in "Aegean Sea")
*AeolianAeolus, of Greek mythology (as in "Aeolian Islands"); also Eolian (as in "Eolian processes")
*AeschyleanAeschylus (as in "Aeschylean silence"
*AldineAldus Manutius (as in "Aldine Press")
*AlexandrineAlexander the Great (as in "Alexandrine verse"); also Alexandrian (as in "Alexandrian period")
*AmperianAndré-Marie Ampère (as in "Amperian loop")
*AntonianSt. Anthony the Great (as in "Antonian monasticism"); Antoninus Pius (as in "Nervan-Antonian dynasty")
*AntonineAntoninus Pius (as in "Antonine Wall"); Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (as in "Antonine Plague")
*ApollonianApollo, of Greek mythology (as in "Apollonian Oracle"); Apollonius of Perga (as in "Apollonian gasket")
*ArchimedeanArchimedes (as in "Archimedean screw")
*ArianArius
*AristotelianAristotle (as in "Aristotelian logic")
*ArminianJacobus Arminius
*ArsacidArsaces I of Parthia (as in "Arsacid Dynasty")
*ArthurianKing Arthur (as in "Arthurian legend")
*ArtinianEmil Artin (as in "Artinian ring")
*AshmoleanElias Ashmole (as in "Ashmolean Museum")
*AsimovianIsaac Asimov (as in "Asimovian robot")
*AthanasianSt. Athanasius (as in "Athanasian Creed")
*AtlanteanAtlas; also Atlantic
*AugustanCaesar Augustus (as in "Augustan drama")
*AugustinianSt. Augustine (as in "Augustinian Order")

*BaconianFrancis Bacon (as in "Baconian cipher")
*Bahá'íBahá'u'lláh (as in "Bahá'í Faith")
*BallardianJ. G. Ballard
*BangsianJohn Kendrick Bangs (as in "Bangsian fantasy")
*BayesianThomas Bayes (as in "Bayesian probability")
*BeckettianSamuel Beckett
*BenedictineBenedict of Nursia (as in "Benedictine Rule")
*BenthamiteJeremy Bentham (as in "Benthamite Utilitarianism")
*BodleianThomas Bodley (as in "Bodleian Library")
*BolivarianSimón Bolívar (as in "Bolivarian Revolution")
*BooleanGeorge Boole (as in "Boolean algebra", "Boolean logic")
*BradmanesqueDonald Bradman
*BrechtianBertholt Brecht (as in "Brechtian acting")
*BrownianRobert Brown (as in "Brownian motion")
*BrunonianJohn Brown (as in "Brunonian system of medicine")
*BuddhistGautama Buddha (as in "Buddhist rosary")
*BurkeanEdmund Burke (as in "Burkean conservatism")
*ByronicLord Byron (as in "Byronic hero")

*Caesarean—often incorrectly attributed to Julius Caesar (as in "Caesarean section")
*CalvinistJohn Calvin (as in "Calvinist Church")
*CapetianHugh Capet (as in "Capetian Dynasty, Direct Capetians")
*CapraesqueFrank Capra
*CarolineCharles I of England (as in "Caroline era"); also Carolinian
*CarolingianCharles Martel (as in "Carolingian dynasty")
*CarrollianLewis Carroll, pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
*CartesianRené Descartes (as in "Cartesian coordinate")
*CatilinarianCatiline (as in "Catilinarian conspiracy")
*ChaplinesqueCharlie Chaplin
*Chaucerian Geoffrey Chaucer (as in "Chaucerian stanza")
*chauvinisticNicolas Chauvin
*ChestertonianG. K. Chesterton
*ChomskyanNoam Chomsky
*ChristianJesus Christ
*ChurchillianWinston Churchill
*Ciceronian - Cicero
*ClaudianClaudius (as in "Julio-Claudian dynasty")
*ClintonianBill Clinton
*ChekhovianAnton Chekhov
*ColumbianChristopher Columbus (as in "Columbian Exchange")
*ConfucianistConfucius
*ConstantinianConstantine I (as in "Constantinian dynasty")
*CopernicanNicolaus Copernicus (as in "Copernican System")
*CromwellianOliver Cromwell
*Cushingoid - Harvey Cushing - American physician
*CyrillicSt. Cyril (as in "Cyrillic alphabet")

D–F

*daedalDaedalus, of Greek mythology; also Daedalian or Daedalean
*DaliesqueSalvador Dalí
*DantesqueDante Alighieri; also Dantean
*DarwinianCharles Darwin (as in Darwinian literary studies)
*DavidicDavid (as in "Davidic line")
*DerrideanJacques Derrida (as in "Derridean Deconstruction")
*DickensianCharles Dickens
*DionysianDionysus, of Greek mythology (as in "Dionysian Mysteries"); Dionysius Exiguus (as in "Dionysian era")
*DiophantineDiophantus (as in "Diophantine equation")
*DobsonianJohn Dobson (as in "Dobsonian telescope")
*DominicanSaint Dominic (as in "Dominican Order")
*DostoevskianFyodor Dostoevsky; also Dostoyevskian
*Draco
*DulcinianFra Dolcino
* dylanesque - Bob Dylan

*EdisonianThomas Edison (as in "Edisonian approach")
*EdwardianKing Edward VII
*EdwardsianJonathan Edwards
*EinsteinianAlbert Einstein
*ElizabethanQueen Elizabeth I (as in "Elizabethan era")
*EmersonianRalph Waldo Emerson (as in "Emersonian perfectionism")
*EnochianEnoch (as in "Enochian magic")
*epicureanEpicurus
*ErasmianErasmus (as in "Erasmian Reformation")
*EuclideanEuclid (as in "Euclidean geometry", "Euclidean algorithm")
*EuripideanEuripides
*EustachianEustachius (as in "Eustachian tube")

*FabianFabius Maximus (as in "Fabian strategy")
*FallopianGabriele Falloppio (as in "Fallopian tube")
*Falstaffian—Sir John Falstaff, Shakespeare's fictional character
*FaulknerianWilliam Faulkner
*FaustianFaust, Goethe's fictional character (as in "Faustian deal")
*FelliniesqueFederico Fellini
*FlavianTitus Flavius Vespasianus (Vespasian) (as in "Flavian dynasty")
*ForteanCharles Fort (as in "Fortean Society")
*FranciscanSt. Francis of Assisi (as in "Franciscan Order")
*FranklinicBenjamin Franklin (as in "Franklinic electricity", "franklinic taste")
*FredericianFrederick the Great (as in "Frederician Rococo")
*FreudianSigmund Freud (as in "Freudian slip")

G–J

*GalileanGalileo Galilei (as in "Galilean moons")
*GalvanicLuigi Galvani (as in "Galvanic cell")
*GandhianMahatma Gandhi (as in "Gandhian economics")
*gargantuanGargantua, Rabelais's fictional character
*GaussianCarl Friedrich Gauss (as in "Gaussian function")
*Georgian— any of the first 4 Hanoverian kings of England (all named George
*GladstonianWilliam Gladstone (as in "Gladstonian Liberalism")
*GödelianKurt Gödel (as in "Gödelian incompleteness")
*GregorianPope Gregory I (as in "Gregorian chant"); Pope Gregory XIII (as in "Gregorian calendar")
*GriceanPaul Grice (as in "Gricean maxims")
*GrundtvigianN.F.S. Grundtvig (as in "Grundtvigian Lutheranism")

*HandelianGeorge Frideric Handel
*Hamiltonian—Sir William Rowan Hamilton (as in "Hamiltonian path"); Alexander Hamilton (as in "Hamiltonian economic program")
*Hamitic—Ham (as in "Hamitic languages")
*HegelianGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (as in "Hegelian dialectic")
*HenricianKing Henry VIII (as in "Henrician Reformation"); Henry III of France (as in "Henrician Articles")
*herculeanHercules, of Greek mythology (as in "herculean task")
*hermaphroditicHermaphroditus, of Greek mythology
*hermeticHermes Trismegistus, a mythological alchemist (as in "hermetic seal")
*HerodianHerod the Great (as in "Herodian dynasty")
*HeronianHero of Alexandria (as in "Heronian triangle")
*HilbertianDavid Hilbert (as in "Hilbertian field")
*HippocraticHippocrates (as in "Hippocratic Oath")
*HitchcockianAlfred Hitchcock
*HitlerianAdolf Hitler
*HobbesianThomas Hobbes
*HolmesianSherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle's fictional character; also Sherlockian
*HomericHomer
*HoratianHorace (as in "Horatian satire")
*HunterianWilliam Hunter (anatomist) (as in "Hunterian Museum")
*HussiteJan Hus (as in "Hussite Wars")

*IgnatianIgnatius of Loyola (as in "Ignatian spirituality")

*JacksonianAndrew Jackson (as in "Jacksonian democracy"); John Hughlings Jackson (as in "Jacksonian seizure")
*JacobeanKing James I (as in "Jacobean era")
*Jacobian—Carl Gustav Jacobi (as in "Jacobian matrix")
*JacobiteKing James II (as in "Jacobite Rising")
*JagiellonianWładysław II Jagiełło (as in "Jagiellonian dynasty")
*JapheticJapheth (as in "Japhetic theory"}
*JeffersonianThomas Jefferson (as in "Jeffersonian democracy" or "Jeffersonian Model")
*JohannineJohn the Apostle (as in "Johannine literature")
*JohnsonianSamuel Johnson
*JordanesqueMichael Jordan (usually denotes remarkable athletic achievement or dominance)
*JoyceanJames Joyce (as in "Pre-Joycean Fellowship")
*JulianJulius Caesar (as in "Julian calendar")
*JungianCarl Jung (as in "Jungian psychology")
*JunoesqueJuno, of Roman mythology
*JuvenalianJuvenal (as in "Juvenalian Satire")

K–M

*KafkaesqueFranz Kafka
*KantianImmanuel Kant
*KennedyesqueJohn F. Kennedy
*KeynesianJohn Maynard Keynes (as in "Keynesian economics")
*KierkegaardianSøren Kierkegaard
*KubrickianStanley Kubrick

*LagrangianJoseph Louis Lagrange (as in "Lagrangian point")
*LamarckianJean-Baptiste Lamarck (as in "Lamarckian evolution")
*LaplacianPierre-Simon Laplace (as in "Laplacian field", "Laplacian matrix")
*LeviticalLevi (as in "Levitical Priesthood")
*LeibnizianGottfried Leibniz (as in "Leibnizian calculus")
*Leninist- Vladimir Lenin
*LilianAloysius Lilius (as in "Lilian date")
*Lilliput (from "Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift)
*LinnaeanCarolus Linnaeus (as in "Linnaean taxonomy")
*LockeanJohn Locke
*LorentzianHendrik Lorentz (as in "Lorentzian function")
*LovecraftianH. P. Lovecraft (as in "Lovecraftian horror")
*LucasianHenry Lucas (as in "Lucasian Professor")
*LullianRamon Llull (as in "Lullian art"); also Llullian
*LutheranMartin Luther
*LynchianDavid Lynch

*macadamizedJohn Loudon McAdam (as in "macadamized system")
*MaccabeanJudas Maccabeus (as in "Maccabean revolt")
*MachiavellianNiccolò Machiavelli (often used to represent views or behavior inconsistent with that of its eponym)
*MadisonianJames Madison (as in "Madisonian Model")
*MagellanicFerdinand Magellan (as in "Magellanic Clouds")
*MalpighianMarcello Malpighi (as in "Malpighian corpuscle")
*MalthusianThomas Malthus (as in "Malthusian catastrophe")
*ManicheanMani; also Manichaean
*manuelineManuel I of Portugal
*Marian—Mary (as in "Marian apparition"); Gaius Marius (as in "Marian reforms")
*Marivaudian—Pierre de Marivaux
*MarkovianAndrey Markov (as in "Markovian process")
*MarlenesqueMarlene Dietrich (as in "Marlenesque nose")
*MarlovianChristopher Marlowe (as in "Marlovian theory")
*martial—Mars, of Roman mythology (as in "Martial arts")
*MarxistKarl Marx (as in "Marxist theory"); also Marxian (as in "Marxian economics")
*masochisticLeopold von Sacher-Masoch
*maudlinMary Magdalene
*MaxwellianJames Clerk Maxwell (as in "Maxwellian distribution", "Maxwellian demon")
*MazarineJules Cardinal Mazarin (as in "mazarine blue")
*McCarthyistJoseph McCarthy
*MendelianGregor Mendel (as in "Mendelian inheritance")
*MenippeanMenippus (as in "Menippean satire")
*MerovingianMerovech (as in "Merovingian dynasty")
*MetonicMeton (as in "Metonic cycle")
*MiltonicJohn Milton; also Miltonian
*MinkowskianHermann Minkowski
*MithridaticMithridates VI (as in "Mithridatic Wars")
*MosaicMoses (as in "Mosaic Law", but not as in "mosaic floor")
*MuhammadanMuhammad (as in "Muhammadan art")

N–Q

*NapoleonicNapoléon Bonaparte (as in "Napoleonic code")
*narcissisticNarcissus, of Greek mythology (as in "Narcissistic personality disorder")
*NeronianNero
*NervanNerva (as in "Nervan-Antonian dynasty")
*NestorianNestorius (as in "Nestorian Schism")
*NewtonianIsaac Newton (as in "Newtonian telescope")
*NietzscheanFriedrich Nietzsche (as in "Nietzschean affirmation")
*NoachianNoah (as in "Noachian deluge")
*NoetherianEmmy Noether (as in "Noetherian ring")
*NorquistianGrover Norquist

*OedipalOedipus, of Greek mythology (as in "Oedipal complex")
*ohmicGeorg Ohm (as in "ohmic device")
*onanisticOnan
*OrphicOrpheus, of Greek mythology (as in "Orphic Mysteries")
*OrwellianGeorge Orwell
*OttomanOsman I (as in "Ottoman Empire")
*OttonianOtto I the Great (as in "Ottonian Dynasty")
*OxfordianEdward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (as in "Oxfordian theory")

*PalladianAndrea Palladio (as in "Palladian architecture")
*PanglossianPangloss, Voltaire's fictional character
*ParacelsianParacelsus
*parkinsonianJames Parkinson (as in "parkinsonian syndrome")
*PaulinePaul of Tarsus (as in "Pauline epistles")
*PavlovianIvan Pavlov (as in "Pavlovian conditioning")
*PecksniffianSeth Pecksniff, Dickens' fictional character
*PelagianPelagius (as in "Pelagian heresy")
*PericleanPericles (as in "Periclean Athens")
*PetrineSaint Peter (as in "Petrine primacy"); also Peter the Great (as in "Petrine baroque")
*PiagetianJean Piaget (as in "Piagetian theory")
*PickwickianSamuel Pickwick, Dickens' fictional character
*PinteresqueHarold Pinter
*PlatonicPlato (as in "Platonic love")
*PlinianPliny (as in "Plinian eruption")
*PlutarchianPlutarch
*plutonic—Pluto, of Greek & Roman mythology (as in "Plutonic theory"); also plutonian
*PombalineMarquis of Pombal (as in "Pombaline Downtown")
*ProcrusteanProcrustes, of Greek mythology
*PrometheanPrometheus, of Greek mythology
*proteanProteus, of Greek mythology
*ProustianMarcel Proust (as in "Proustian memory")
*PtolemaicPtolemy (as in "Ptolemaic system"); Ptolemy I Soter (as in "Ptolemaic dynasty")
*PyrrhicPyrrhus of Epirus (as in "Pyrrhic victory")
*PyrrhonianPyrrho (as in "Pyrrhonian skepticism")
*PythagoreanPythagoras (as in "Pythagorean theorem")
*PythonicMonty Python, a more correct eponym, used by Terry Jones, for the more commonly used Pythonesque (as in "Pythonic sketches")
*PythonesqueMonty Python, fictional character name from television comedy (as in "Pythonesque humour")

*QuirinalQuirinus, of Roman mythology (as in "Quirinal Hill")
*quixoticDon Quixote, Cervantes' fictional character

R–U

*RabelaisianFrançois Rabelais
*RandianAyn Rand (as in "Randian hero")
*RaphaelesqueRaphael; also Raphaelite (as in "Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood")
*Rastafarian—Ras Tafari (Haile Selassie)
*ReaganesqueRonald Reagan
*"'Ricardian—David Ricardo (as in "Ricardian economics")
*RichardsonianHenry Hobson Richardson (as in "Richardsonian Romanesque")
*RiemannianBernhard Riemann (as in "Riemannian geometry")
*ritzyCésar Ritz
*RockwellianNorman Rockwell
*RogerianCarl Rogers (as in "Rogerian therapy")
*RothbardianMurray N. Rothbard
*"'Rousseauvian - Jean-Jacques Rousseau
*Rubenesque--Pieter Paul Rubens
*RuthianBabe Ruth

*sadisticMarquis de Sade
*SamsonianSamson
*SapphicSappho (as in "Sapphic love")
*SassanidSassan (as in "Sassanid dynasty"); also Sassanian
*satanicSatan (as in "Satanic Verses")
*SeleucidSeleucus I Nicator (as in "Seleucid Empire")
*SemiticShem (as in "Semitic languages")
*SenecanSeneca (as in "Senecan Tragedy")
*ServianServius Tullius (as in "Servian Wall")
*SeveranSeptimius Severus (as in "Severan dynasty")
*ShakespeareanWilliam Shakespeare (as in "Shakespearean authorship", "Shakespearean tragedy")
*ShavianGeorge Bernard Shaw (as in "Shavian alphabet", "Shavian reversal")
*SistinePope Sixtus IV (as in "Sistine Chapel")
*SisypheanSisyphus, of Greek mythology
*SkinnerianB. F. Skinner (as in "Skinnerian behaviorism")
*SmithsonianJames Smithson (as in "Smithsonian Institution")
*SocinianFaustus Socinus
*SocraticSocrates (as in "Socratic method")
*SolomonicSolomon (as in "Solomonic dynasty")
*SolonianSolon (as in "Solonian Constitution")
*SophocleanSophocles
*SpencerianPlatt Rogers Spencer (as in "Spencerian script")
*SpenserianEdmund Spenser (as in "Spenserian stanza")
*SpielbergianSteven Spielberg
*StalinistJoseph Stalin (as in "Stalinist architecture")
*stentorianStentor, of Greek mythology

*TennysonianAlfred, Lord Tennyson
*terpsichoreanTerpsichore
*TheodosianCount Theodosius (as in "Theodosian dynasty")
*thespianThespis
*ThomistSt. Thomas Aquinas (as in "Thomist philosophy")
*Thomsonian—Dr. Samuel Thomson (as in "Thomsonian Medicine")
*ThoreauvianHenry David Thoreau
*thrasonicalThraso, Terence's fictional character
*TimuridTimur (Tamerlane) (as in "Timurid Empire")
*TironianMarcus Tullius Tiro (as in "Tironian notes")
*TitanicTitan (as in "Titanic prime")
*TolstoyanLeo Tolstoy; also Tolstoian
*TorricellianEvangelista Torricelli (as in "Torricellian chamber")
*TrotskyistLeon Trotsky
*TychonicTycho Brahe (as in "Tychonic system"); also Tychonian

*UmayyadUmayya ibn Abd Shams (as in "Umayyad Dynasty")

V–Z

*VesalianVesalius
*VictorianQueen Victoria (as in "Victorian era")
*VirgilianVirgil; also Vergilian
*VitruvianMarcus Vitruvius Pollio (as in "Vitruvian Man")
*VoltaicAlessandro Volta (as in "Voltaic pile")
*VoltaireanVoltaire
*Vonnegutian - Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
*VygotskianLev Vygotsky

*WagnerianRichard Wagner (as in "Wagnerian rock")
*WaldensianPeter Waldo (as in "Waldensian Church")
*WashingtonianGeorge Washington; Martha Washington (as in "Washingtonian movement")
*WesleyanJohn Wesley (as in "Wesleyan Church")
*WhedonesqueJoss Whedon (popularized by the fan site "Whedonesque.com")
*WilliamiteKing William III (as in "Williamite War")
*WilsonianWoodrow Wilson
*WolffianCaspar Friedrich Wolff (a "Wolffian body", as in "Wolffian duct" and "Wolffian ridge")
*WronskianJosef Hoëné-Wroński (as in "Wronskian determinant")

*ZoroastrianZoroaster (Zarathustra); also Zarathustrian
*ZwinglianHuldrych Zwingli

ee also

* List of eponyms


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