Merzario Full name Team Merzario Base Founder(s) Arturo Merzario Noted drivers Arturo Merzario
Formula One World Championship career Engines Cosworth Debut 1977 Spanish Grand Prix Races competed 39 Constructors' Championships 0 Drivers' Championships 0 Race victories 0 Points 0 Pole positions 0 Fastest laps 0 Final race 1979 United States Grand Prix
Merzario was set up in 1977 by former Ferrari, Williams and March driver Arturo Merzario when he could no longer find a drive with an established team. He initially campaigned a March 761B during 1977, his best result being 14th in the 1977 Belgian Grand Prix. This proved to be the only occasion in their three years of participation in Formula One when one of their cars was classified at the finish of a World Championship Grand Prix. During the early part of the season Merzario's car was consistently the fastest of a number of March 761s on the grid, though as the season wore on, he slipped down the grids and finally decided to abandon the season and concentrate on the following year and his new car.
Merzario's first self-built Formula One effort, the A1, appeared in 1978 and was a basically conventional car based largely on his March 761B, with a red colour scheme and crude bodywork vaguely reminiscent of a Ferrari 312T2 in its use of cockpit-side ducting for an air intake. It used the then-common combination of the Cosworth DFV engine and Hewland gearbox. The livery changed from red to black before the 1978 Monaco Grand Prix, though it was not until the Swedish Grand Prix that it finished a race, although unclassified, being eight laps adrift of the winner after a long pitstop. For the Austrian Grand Prix, a second A1 was unveiled, although it was suspected that this was actually the team's old March 761B with new bodywork. With this car at his disposal, Merzario performed slightly better in qualifying but still failed to be classified in a race. For the Italian Grand Prix, both A1s were entered, with Alberto Colombo driving the original A1 and Merzario taking the newer second A1. Colombo posted the slowest time during qualifying and did not make the grid, while Merzario qualified comfortably, only for the engine to fail during the race. The team qualified the car on eight occasions during 1978, but retired seven times with mechanical failures.
For the 1979 Formula One season the second A1 was revised into the A1B with more elegant bodywork and revised front suspension, and a new yellow and black livery. The A1B was the only Merzario to qualify for Grands Prix during 1979, which it did twice, though it retired on both occasions.
The A2 (designated A3 by some sources), designed by Merzario and Simon Hadfield and based on the first A1, was ready in time for the European rounds of the 1979 season with the same engine and gearbox combination, and it had been modified into a ground effect 'wing' car. Only one example was built, and Merzario could not qualify it for a single Grand Prix. He broke his arm in Belgium, and Gianfranco Brancatelli was employed to drive at Monaco, but also failed to qualify.
By this time, Merzario had purchased the assets of the Kauhsen team (and their driver Brancatelli), arguably taking on cars even worse than his old March-based vehicle. The resultant A4, which debuted at the 1979 British Grand Prix, employed the same Cosworth / Hewland running gear and the suspension was similar to the A2, but the bodywork was less bulky, with better sidepods for improved airflow. However, the car again failed to qualify for every Grand Prix that it entered, proving even slower than its predecessors. However, Merzario did qualify and race the car in the non-championship Dino Ferrari Grand Prix at Imola, where he finished 11th and last, two laps down.
After Formula One
After plans to modify the A4 into the A5 were not completed due to financial problems, Merzario turned to constructing Formula Two cars. He was keen to point out that the engine bay of his 1980 BMW-engined M1 F2 machine could easily be modified to take a Cosworth DFV F1 engine, though no such effort was ever made. The car was fairly unsuccessful in F2, and Merzario decided to return to running March chassis for 1981. With March 812s, the team finally scored two podiums in F2, with Piero Necchi at the wheel, but after a lacklustre 1982 season, Merzario again built his own cars for 1983 with minimal success. After moving down to Italian Formula 3, he finally moved away from team ownership in the mid-1980s.
Complete Formula One results
Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Points WCC 1977 March 761B Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW ESP MON BEL SWE FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA USA CAN JPN 0 NC Arturo Merzario Ret DNQ 14 Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 1978 Merzario A1 Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW MON BEL ESP SWE FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA USA CAN 0 NC Arturo Merzario Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNQ NC DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ Alberto Colombo DNPQ 1979 Merzario A1B
Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW ESP BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 0 NC Arturo Merzario Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ Gianfranco Brancatelli DNPQ
Complete Formula Two results
Year Chassis Engine Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1980 Merzario M1 BMW THR HOC NÜR VAL PAU SIL ZOL MUG ZAN PER MIS HOC Arturo Merzario Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 16 17 DNS Ret Guido Daccò 11 Ret Piero Necchi Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ 12 1981 March 812 BMW SIL HOC THR NÜR VAL MUG PAU PER SPA DON MIS MAN Piero Necchi DNS 6 Ret Ret 3 3 11 7 Ret Gianfranco Trombetti Ret DNQ Ret Ret 12 12 12 13 Arturo Merzario DNS Ret Ret Marco Brand DNQ Ret Loris Kessel DNPQ 19 Jo Gartner DNQ 8 1982 March/Merzario 282 BMW SIL HOC THR NÜR MUG VAL PAU SPA HOC DON MAN PER MIS Jo Gartner 6 Ret 10 Ret Ret 7 Ret 15 7 Ret Ret Robert Dallest DNS Ret 6 Ret Guido Daccò 12 8 7 13 Roberto Campominosi 10 Harald Brutschin 13 DNQ DNQ 17 Ret Lamberto Leoni 14 Oscar Pedersoli Ret Ret 19 DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 1983 Merzario M28 BMW SIL THR HOC NÜR VAL PAU JAR DON MIS PER ZOL MUG Guido Daccò Ret Ret 15 Fulvio Ballabio Ret Ret 14 Ret Richard Dallest Ret Ret Ret 8 7 Ret 8 1984 Merzario M84 BMW SIL HOC THR VAL MUG PAU HOC MIS PER DON BRH Stefano Livio 10 13 12 Ret 13 Ret Aldo Bertuzzi Ret 12 DNS Max Busslinger 10
Formula One constructors Current constructors (2011) Former constructors
AFM · AGS · Alfa Romeo · Alta · Amon · Andrea Moda · Apollon · Arrows · Arzani-Volpini · Aston-Butterworth · Aston Martin · ATS (Italy) · ATS (Germany) · BAR · Behra-Porsche · Bellasi · Benetton · BMW · Boro · Brabham · Brawn · BRM · BRP · Bugatti · Cisitalia · Coloni · Connaught · Connew · Cooper · Cosworth · Dallara · De Tomaso · Delahaye · Derrington-Francis · Eagle · Eifelland · Emeryson · EMW · ENB · Ensign · ERA · EuroBrun · Ferguson · FIRST · Fittipaldi · Fondmetal · Footwork · Forti · Frazer Nash · Fry · Gilby · Gordini · Greifzu · Haas/Lola · Hesketh · Hill · HWM · Honda · Jaguar · JBW · Jordan · Kauhsen · Klenk · Kojima · Kurtis Kraft · Lancia · Larrousse · LDS · LEC · Leyton House · Life · Ligier · Lola · Lotus (Team Lotus) · Lyncar · Maki · March · Martini · Maserati · Matra · MBM · McGuire · Merzario · Midland · Milano · Minardi · Modena · Onyx · OSCA · Osella · Pacific · Parnelli · Penske · Porsche · Prost · RAM · RE · Rebaque · Reynard · Rial · Scarab · Scirocco · Shadow · Shannon · Simtek · Spirit · Spyker · Stebro · Stewart · Super Aguri · Surtees · Talbot · Talbot-Lago · Tec-Mec · Tecno · Theodore · Token · Toleman · Toyota · Trojan · Tyrrell · Vanwall · Veritas · Williams (FWRC) · Wolf · Zakspeed
Although World Championship races held in 1952 and 1953 were run to Formula Two regulations, constructors who only participated during this period are included herein to maintain Championship continuity. Constructors whose only participation in the World Championship was in the Indianapolis 500 races between 1950 and 1960 are not listed.
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