Lanc-Patuá


Lanc-Patuá

language
name=Lanc-Patuá
nativename=
states=Brazil (in the state of Amapá)
speakers=40,000~50,000
familycolor=Creole
fam1=Creole language
fam2=French Creole
fam3=Antillean Creoles
iso2=
iso3=amd

Lanc-Patuá is a creole language spoken in the state of Amapá in Brazil, primarily now around the capital, Macapá. It is a French-based creole language, spoken by local Indians and immigrants from French Guiana, the Caribbean and other areas of Brazil, and their descendants. It has some English and Portuguese influence on its vocabulary, but its grammar is clearly similar to the French-based creole languages of the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean.

There are 40,000–50,000 speakers.

The name comes from the French "Langue Patois", meaning simply dialectal language.

Lanc-Patuá is derived from Karipúna Creole spoken by indigeneous Amerindians. The substratum language of Karipúna Creole is Karipúna, a now extinct mixed language with Galibi vocabulary and Palikur syntax, genetically close to Island Carib and typologically close to Media Lengua.

References

* Julieta de Andrade, 1984. "Cultura Crioula e Lanc-Patuá no Norte do Brasil." Escola de Folclore, S. Paulo.
* Curt Nimuendajú, 1926. "Die Palikur-Indianer und ihre Nachbarn". Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag, Göteborg.
* S. Joy Tobler, 1983. "The grammar of karipúna creole". Summer Institute of Linguistics, Brasilia.
* Alfred W. Tobler, 1987. "Dicionário crioulo karipúna/português português/karipúna". Summer Institute of Linguistics, Brasilia.
* Henri Wittmann, 1987. "Substrat et superstrat dans le français créole des Indiens Karipouns." Paper, 7th Annual Congress of the Association québécoise de linguistique, University of Ottawa, May 19-22. Abstract in: "Revue québécoise de linguistique théorique et appliquée" 6:1.26.


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