WWOR EMI Service


WWOR EMI Service

Infobox Network
network_name = WWOR EMI Service
network_
country = United States
network_type = Cable and satellite network
available = USA, Canada
owner = RKO General (1979-1987)
MCA (1987-1991)
Pinelands, Inc. (1991-1993)
Chris-Craft Industries (1993-1997)
Eastern Microwave, Incorporated (uplinker, 1979-1996; Superstation programmer, 1990-1996)
Advance Entertainment Corporation (uplinker and Superstation programmer, 1996)
key_people =
launch_date = April 1979
closure_date = January 1, 1997 (Local version re-uplinked nationally less than a month later)
former_affiliations = Independent
past_names =
website = none

WWOR EMI Service was a New York City-based American superstation. It was the national version of WWOR-TV Channel 9 out of the New York suburb of Secaucus, NJ, uplinked from Syracuse, New York to satellite by Eastern Microwave, Inc, who later sold the satellite distribution rights to Advance Entertainment Corporation, which was owned by Advance Publications, a Syracuse-based company that also owned various newspaper, broadcasting and cable properties. In the Metro New York City area, the Superstation was not available on cable but was available to satellite viewers. The exception to this took place on February 26, 1993 after the World Trade Center bombing, when the local WWOR's transmitter was knocked out for the day. Cable companies in the metro New York area used the Superstation feed as a substitute until the transmitter was back on.

History

April 1979 to January 1990

In April 1979, WOR-TV Channel 9 in New York (later moved to Secaucus, NJ) was uplinked for satellite and cable subscribers nationwide, joining WGN-TV in Chicago and WTBS (now WPCH-TV) in Atlanta as a Superstation. For 11 years afterwards, the national WOR-TV/WWOR-TV signal was the same exact signal that was seen in the New York area.

yndEx

In 1989, a new law known as the "Syndication Exclusivity Rights rule," also known as "SyndEx", was passed. This law meant that whenever a local TV station has the exclusive rights to air a syndicated program, it must be blacked out on any out-of-market stations that were carried by the local cable companies. After the law was passed, EMI purchased the rights to programs that no stations claimed exclusive rights to, and on January 1, 1990, a special national feed was launched for cable and satellite subscribers outside of the New York City market. Most of WWOR's syndicated programs that they had the rights to show in New York City were covered up by the alternate programming on the national version, save for sports, newscasts, the overnight Shop at Home program, and a select few shows that weren't claimed as exclusive to any market. When Channel 9 became a UPN affiliate in 1995, the network shows were also covered up. While New York City viewers got , cable viewers throughout the rest of the country got Hazel reruns. This was due to Paramount (although Chris-Craft owned the station) using SyndEx to keep the UPN shows off the national WWOR feed, although rival Superstation WGN (now WGN America) showed The WB network programming on their national feed until nationwide terrestrial coverage was deemed sufficient in 1999. In mid-1996, EMI sold satellite distribution rights to WWOR and WSBK Boston to AEC. On January 1, 1997, AEC discontinued the feed, selling WWOR's old spot to The Discovery Channel for the then-six month old Animal Planet, which Advance still presently owns in part.

Reversion to New York feed

Due to the outcry of satellite dish owners who missed WWOR, the station was returned to the satellite on a different transponder by National Programming Services less than a month after AEC's discontinuation. The national feed was once again the same feed that New York viewers saw, complete with all of the syndicated programming and UPN intact, due to the station now only being distributed outside of New York to satellite dish owners. This feed was discontinued in 1999 in favor of Pax, but Dish Network still carries the New York feed of WWOR in both the Local package in New York and the superstations package across the country, except in markets where the MyNetworkTV affiliate is using the SyndEx law to black out WWOR from coming into the market in any form.

ee also

* WWOR-TV, the local version


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