Haim Bar-Lev


Haim Bar-Lev
Haim Bar-Lev
HaimBarLev1948.jpg
'Haim "Kidoni" Bar-Lev' (Hebrew: חיים בר-לב), 1948
Born Vienna, Austria
Died Tel Aviv, Israel
Allegiance Palmach
British Army
Haganah
Israel Defence Forces
Years of service 1942–73
Rank Lieutenant
Colonel
Major General
Director of Operations
Chief of Staff
Battles/wars 1948 Arab-Israeli War
Suez Crisis
Six-Day War
War of Attrition
Yom Kippur War
October 24 1973. Following the Yom Kippur War, A UN-arranged meeting between Lt. Gen. Haim Bar-Lev and an Egyptian general in Sinai.

Haim "Kidoni" Bar-Lev (Hebrew: חיים בר-לב‎, 16 November 1924 – 7 May 1994) was a military officer during Israel's pre-state and early statehood eras and later a government minister.

Contents

Biography

Born Haim Brotzlewsky in Vienna, Austria in 1924, Bar-Lev made aliyah to Mandate Palestine in 1939. Between 1942 through 1948, Bar-Lev served in various Jewish military units, such as the Palmach. He became both a pilot and a parachutist, which would later serve him in developing both of these military branches in the young Israel Defense Forces.

In 1946 Bar-Lev blew up the Allenby Bridge near Jericho to prevent Arab militiamen in Trans-Jordan from entering Jewish towns west of the Jordan River. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Bar-Lev was the commander of the Eighth Battalion (Mechanized) in the Negev Brigade, which fought in southern part of the country and the Sinai.

During the 1956 Suez Crisis he commanded the 27th Armored Brigade, which captured the Gaza Strip, before turning southwest and reaching the Suez Canal, and by 1962 he was the commanding officer of the Northern Command. Later, he became of Director of Operations within the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).

During the June 1967 Six-Day War he served as the Deputy Chief of Staff in the IDF. In late 1968 he accepted Maj. Gen. Adan's proposal that a high sand-dune wall be built along the east bank of the Suez Canal to prevent the Egyptian military from observing Israeli defenses along the Suez Canal. Behind the sand-dune a line of fixed fortifications was constructed. This became known as the Bar-Lev Line.

Between 1968–71, Bar-Lev served as IDF's Chief of General Staff, which made him the highest-ranking military officer.

During the October 1973 Yom Kippur War, although retired from the IDF and serving as the Minister of Trade and Industry, he was recalled by Prime Minister Golda Meir back into military service to replace Shmuel "Gorodish" Gonen as chief of the Southern Command, which defended the Sinai Peninsula. Bar-Lev played a pivotal role in the war. Before his appointment the Southern front was in disarray to the point of near total collapse and Gonen was proving unable to effectively control the situation. Bar-Lev immediately took charge and worked towards stabilizing the front. His political and negotiating skills also proved instrumental in controlling his field generals who were feuding amongst themselves since each had their own notions, sometimes competing ones, regarding how the war in the South should be carried out. The effect that Bar-Lev's arrival had on the chaotic Southern command headquarters was described by Gonen's deputy, Uri Ben-Ari, in tesimony to the Israeli military's historical department:

Bar-Lev brought calmness on all of us. Finally there was a feeling that we had a real commander in charge. This feeling spread between us and later also in the battlefield radios like fire. Bar-Lev also managed to calm Gorodish down. Prior to his arrival, general staff meetings were one loud shout out of Gorodish's mouth. Bar Lev instituted orderly working routines. No one challenged his authority. The country owes much to him. "Dovaleh" went back to being a real war-room, a departmentalized one. No one [who did not belong there] was allowed entry. Serenity descended on the war room. The general staff officers switched to carrying out their tasks in well organized shifts. Even Arik [Sharon's] tone of voice changed when Bar Lev arrived.

Political career

Haim Bar-Lev
Date of birth
Place of birth
Knessets 9, 10, 11, 12
Party Labor Party (1991–1992)
Former parties Alignment (1977–1991)
Ministerial posts
(current in bold)
Minister of Trade & Industry
Minister of Development
Minister of Police

Bar-Lev remained Minister of Trade and Industry until the Alignment government was defeated and replaced by the Likud under the leadership of Menachem Begin following the 1977 elections, in which Bar-Lev was elected to the Knesset for the first time. Between 1977 and 1984 he served as General Secretary of the Labor Party, the largest faction in the Alignment. When the Alignment joined the national unity governments which held office between 1984 to 1990, Bar-Lev served as Minister of Police and as a member of the "inner cabinet." He retired from the Knesset at the time of the 1992 elections, and was appointed ambassador to Russia, serving until 1994.

He died in Tel Aviv on 7 May 1994.

In 2005, he was voted the 142nd-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis.[1]

See also

References

  • Generals of Israel, Moshe Ben Shaul, Hadar Pub., Tel-Aviv, 1968.
  • The Arab-Israeli Wars, Haim Herzog, Random House, NY, 1982.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Haïm bar-lev — Date de naissance 16 novembre 1924 Lieu de naissance Vienne, Autriche Date du décès 16  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haïm Bar-Lev — Mandats Parlementaire à la Knesset Législature 16 novembre 1924 Lieu de naissance Vienne, Autriche Date de décès 16 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haim Bar-Lev — Chaim Bar Lew (hebräisch ‏חיים בר לב‎,  auch Haim Bar Lev; * 16. November 1924 in Wien; † 7. Mai 1994 Tel Aviv, Israel) war ein israelischer General und Generalstabschef der israelischen Streitkräfte während des Abnutzungskrieges zwischen Ägypten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haim Bar Lev — Chaim Bar Lew (hebräisch ‏חיים בר לב‎,  auch Haim Bar Lev; * 16. November 1924 in Wien; † 7. Mai 1994 Tel Aviv, Israel) war ein israelischer General und Generalstabschef der israelischen Streitkräfte während des Abnutzungskrieges zwischen Ägypten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bar-Lev — Haïm Bar Lev Haïm Bar Lev Date de naissance 16 novembre 1924 Lieu de naissance Vienne, Autriche Date du décès 16  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bar Lev — Haïm Bar Lev Haïm Bar Lev Date de naissance 16 novembre 1924 Lieu de naissance Vienne, Autriche Date du décès 16  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bar Lev Line —    A defensive system on the east bank of the Suez Canal constructed by the Israel Defense Forces during Haim Bar Lev s tenure as chief of staff. The Bar Lev Line was essentially a series of fortifications and strong points constructed along the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • BAR-LEV (Originally Brotzlewsky), HAIM — (1924–1994), eighth chief of staff of the IDF and Israeli politician; member of the Ninth to Twelfth Knessets. Bar Lev was born in Vienna, and immigrated to Palestine in 1939 from Yugoslavia. In 1942 he graduated from the Mikveh Israel… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bar Lev, Haim — (1924 94)    Born on 16 November 1924 in Vienna, Austria, he immigrated to Palestine in 1939 from Zagreb, Yugoslavia. He graduated from the Mikveh Yisrael agricultural school. While still in school, he joined the Hagana. He later joined and… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel


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