The Maypole of Merry Mount


The Maypole of Merry Mount

"The Maypole of Merry Mount" is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne. It first appeared in Twice-Told Tales, a collection of short stories, in 1837.

Plot synopsis

The people of Merrymount, whom Hawthorne calls the "crew of Comus," celebrate the marriage of a youth and a maiden (Edgar and Edith). They dance around a maypole and are described as resembling forest creatures. Their festivities are interrupted by the arrival of John Endicott and his Puritan followers. Endicott orders for the people of Merrymount to be whipped. Stricken by the newlyweds, he spares them but orders they be put in more conservative clothing. He also orders the youth cut his hair in the "pumpkin shell" style in order to show the Puritan's strictness.

Themes

The story is an allegory for the social tension caused by the Puritans in early America. Endicott and his Puritan followers suppress freedom and individuality, a common theme for Hawthorne. At the beginning of the story "jollity" and "gloom" are said to be contending for an empire, the Merry Mount colonists personifying jollity or mirth and the Puritans being the emblems of gloom. Hawthorne satirizes both parties and the narrative point of view seems to oscillate between them. It is perhaps worth noting that Hawthorne chooses to use "jollity", "mirth" and "gloom" and not "joy", "woe" or "sadness". Real joy, Hawthorne seems to be saying, arises spontaneously out of contrasts. The only time he mentions it is when the youth and maiden suddenly realise that their mirth is visionary and that by truly loving they had subjected themselves "to earth's doom of care and sorrow, and troubled joy, and had no more a home at Merry Mount". The youth and maiden go from being Merry Mounters to, presumably, becoming members of the Puritan community. In this sense it is not clear whether Hawthorne actually sides with the Puritans or the Merry Mount people, or if he is trying to find some middle ground.

By his ambiguous point of view and use of allegory, Hawthorne seems to be trying to focus the readers' attention on the fact that certain aspects of the American past were already shrouded and obscured by myth. It is not too difficult to see the Merry Mounters as the precursors of hippies (or, perhaps, more accurately free thinkers) or the Puritans as the archetype of the establishment. Hawthorne goes against the tradition of casting America as a promised land where people came to act out their daydreams or to possess it by portraying both the Puritans and the Merry Mounters as a persecuted minority who sought refuge in the new land.

Being a descendant of the earliest arrivals who were seeking freedom over 200 years before, Hawthorne must have known well the stories that typically lie behind official tales, such as those that we find from William Bradford, John Endicott, John Winthrop, and others. His insight about the interplay of personal freedom and family, or civic, responsibility continues to resonate today. As Nathaniel knew then, these matters of choice, such as whether 'strong watter' leads, by necessity, to debauchery or not, are perpetual issues readdressed with each generation.

Quotes

"Jollity and gloom were contending for an empire."

"Not far from Merry Mount was a settlement of Puritans, most dismal wretches, who said their prayers before daylight, and then wrought in the forest or the cornfield till evening made it prayer time again."

"Often, the whole colony were playing at blindman's buff, magistrates and all, with their eyes bandaged, except a single scapegoat, whom the blinded sinners pursued by the tinkling of the bells at his garments. Once, it is said, they were seen following a flower-decked corpse, with merriment and festive music, to his grave. But did the dead man laugh?"

"From the moment that they truly loved, they had subjected themselves to earth's doom of care and sorrow, and troubled joy, and had no more a home at Merry Mount."

"They went heavenward, supporting each other along the difficult path which it was their lot to tread, and never wasted one regretful thought on the vanities of Merry Mount."


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Merry Mount — Illustration to Nathaniel Hawthorne s short story The Maypole Lovers of Merry Mount For Thomas Morton s colony, see Mount Wollaston. Merry Mount is an opera in three acts by American composer Howard Hanson; its libretto, by Richard Stokes, is… …   Wikipedia

  • Maypole — This article is about the tall wooden pole. For other uses, see Maypole (disambiguation). Dancing around the maypole, in Åmmeberg, Sweden A maypole is a tall wooden pole erected as a part of various European folk festivals, particularly on May… …   Wikipedia

  • List of bus routes in the West Midlands county — A map which shows the area these routes operate in. This is a list of all the Network West Midlands bus routes in the West Midlands, England. Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Merrymount (Quincy, Massachusetts) — Merrymount is a primarily residential neighborhood of Quincy, Massachusetts, located between the neighborhoods of Quincy Center and Adams Shore.[1] Although it was the site of Quincy s initial settlement, Merrymount was not substantially… …   Wikipedia

  • Wollaston, Massachusetts — Wollaston, Massachusetts, is a neighborhood in the city of Quincy, Massachusetts. It is bordered by North Quincy to the north, Quincy Center to the south, [ [http://ci.quincy.ma.us/AboutNeighborhoodsPage112.html Quincy Neighborhoods] ] and Quincy …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Morton — (* vermutlich zwischen 1580 und 1595 in England, genauer Geburtsort unbekannt; † 1646 oder 1647 in Acomenticus, heute York, Maine) war ein englischer Abenteurer und Siedlerpionier in Neuengland. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Rezeption 3 Ausgaben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nathaniel Hawthorne — in the 1860s …   Wikipedia

  • Merrymount — may refer to: Merrymount (Quincy, Massachusetts), a neighborhood in the city of Quincy, Massachusetts Wollaston, Massachusetts, an adjacent neighborhood in Quincy, Massachusetts that bears the original name of Merrymount, Massachusetts The… …   Wikipedia

  • 20. Mai — Der 20. Mai ist der 140. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders (der 141. in Schaltjahren), somit verbleiben noch 225 Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage April · Mai · Juni 1 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Endecott — Infobox Governor name = John Endecott order = office = Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony term start = 1629 term end = 1630 1644 – 1645 1649 – 1650 1651 – 1654 1655 – 1665 lieutenant = predecessor = John Winthrop (1644 1649) Thomas Dudley… …   Wikipedia