- 3 Gorkha Rifles
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=3 Gorkha Rifles
dates= 1815 - Present
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
motto= "Kayar Hunu Bhanda Marnu Ramro (Better to die than live like a coward)"
colors="Ayo Gorkhali (The Gorkhas are here)"
colors_label= War Cry
1 Yudh Seva Medal
1 Bar to Sena Medal
4 Param Vishist Seva Medals
5 Ati Vishist Seva Medals
9 Vishist Seva Medals
2 McGregor Medals
46 COAS' Commendation Cards
19 GOC-in-C's Commendation Cards
The Great War
La Bassée 1914
Festubert 1914 '15
France and Flanders 1914-15
World War II
Deir el Shein
North Africa 1940-43
Monte della Gorgace Il Castello Monte Farneto Monte Cavallo
Tuitum Sakawng Shenam Pass Bishenpur Tengnoupal
Defence of Meiktila
Jammu and Kashmir 1947-48
Shingo River Valley
Jammu and Kashmir 1971
identification_symbol=A pair of crossed
khukris, with a star in-between and the numeral 3 within
identification_symbol_2= [http://i211.photobucket.com/albums/bb309/hammersfan_01/Tartans/Colqhoun.gifColqhuon (pipes and drums)]
identification_symbol_2_label=TartanThe 3 Gorkha Rifles was a
Gurkharegiment of the British Indian Armyformed in 1815. They were present at a number of actions and wars including the Siege of Delhiin 1857 to the Great Warand World war II. After partition they were one of the Gorkha regimentstransferred to the Indian Armyas part of the Tripartite Agreement signed between India, Nepal and Britain at the time of Indian independence. Prior to independence, the regiment was known as the "3rd Queen Alexandra's Own Gurkha Rifles".
Formation to 1885
The regiment was raised during the
Gurkha Warby Sir Robert Colquhounon 24 April 1815as the Kemaoon Battalion. It did not consist entirely of Gurkhas but of men from Kumaonand Garhwal. The regiment adopted the tartanof the Clan Colquhoun.
The regiment was primarily used to police the border with
Nepal, doing so for many decades until the Indian Mutinybegan in 1857. The battalion was actively involved in the efforts to quell it. During the Siege of Delhi- which lasted from March to September 1857 - the regiment, part of Colonel Colin Campbell's Third Column, took part in the storming of Kashmir Gateand gained the Battle Honour"Delhi 1857". The mutiny was quelled by July 1858.
The regiment, having been brought into the line of the
Bengal Army, was briefly titled the 18th Bengal Native Infantry in 1861 before the regiment gained its present numeral designation when it became the 3rd Goorka (The Kumaon) Regiment. The regiment saw service in an expedition to Bhutanshortly after the name change.
In 1878 the
Second Afghan Warbegan and the regiment, as part of the 2nd Infantry Brigadeof the Kandahar Field Force, took part in the march to seize Kandahar. The field force successfully captured the city on 8 January 1879, having experienced great hardship on the march there. The following year the Kandahar Force began the march towards the Afghan capital Kabulto join Major-General Roberts force in an attempt to consolidate their situation in the country. During the journey, near Ghaziri, the force were attacked by a large force of Afghan tribesmen at Ahmad Khel on 19 April 1880. The fighting that ensued was intense and the field force's situation was in the balance until the Afghan forces were successfully repulsed when the 3rd Goorkhas formed an infantry square.
The regiment took part in the
Third Burmese Warafter it began in 1885 and operations concluded by the following year. In 1887 the 2nd Battalion was formed, consisting entirely of Garhwalis, but this was separated from the regiment in 1890 to form the 39th (The Garhwal) Regiment of Bengal Light Infantry. A new 2nd Battalion for the 3rd Goorhas was raised that same year and in 1891 the Regiment was designated a rifleregiment, becoming the 3rd Gurkha (Rifle) Regiment.
The 3rd Gurkhas took part in numerous campaigns in the volatile
North-West Frontier, including the 1st Battalion's participation in the storming of the Dargai Heightson 20 October 1897during the Tirah Campaign. The battalion was part of the Tirah Field Forceintended to put down a large tribal revolt by the Afridiand Orakzais, orchestrated by Afghanistan. The 3rd Gurkhas took part in the advance into the Tirah Region, meeting resistance from tribal forces before moving on to help relieve Fort Lockheartand Fort Gulistan. After this was done the force marched on Dargaiwhere they intended to take the heights above Dargai, controlled by tribal forces.
The heights had originally been taken by the Tirah force on
18 Octoberbut they were ordered to withdraw, coming under attack as they did so and allowing the tribal force to return to the heights and strengthen their positions. The operation to retake the heights began with an artillery bombardment at 10:00am on 20 October. The regiment took part in the initial assault, positioned at the forefront of the attack with the 2nd Gurkha Rifles and the 1st Dorsets. They advanced methodically, moving up the slopes until they charged towards the enemy but sustained heavy casualties and became pinned down. The battle raged on for hours until, after the tribal positions were subject to an artillery bombardment, a final charge was made by the 1st Gordons, followed by the Gurkhas and 3rd Sikhs. The tribal defenders wilted in the face of the charge and the heights were taken later that day.
In 1907 the title was changed to become the 3rd The Queen's Own Gurkha Rifles in honour of
Alexandra of Denmark, queen consort of King Edward VII, and the following year the title became more specific when it became the 3rd Queen Alexandra's Own Gurkha Rifles.
First World War
In August 1914 the
First World Warbegan and the regiment's battalions actively participated on the Western Front and in the Middle East.
In 1916, a clerical error gave the regiment a 4th Battalion when 4/3rd, instead of 3/4th, was written on the order for the raising of a battalion for the 4th Gurkha Rifles. The following year a 3rd Battalion for the 3rd Gurkhas was formed.
The 2nd Battalion, as part of the Garwhal Brigade of the
7th (Meerut) Division, was sent to France a few months after the declaration of war in 1914.
The battalion's first large-scale action came at La Bassée that had commenced on
12 Octoberas part of a period known as the " Race to the Sea". The battalion was involved in the defence of Festubert in November and Givenchy in December, during a bitter winter that the Gurkhas were no doubt unaccustomed to having spent the inter-war period on the sub-continent,
The battalion remained on the Western Front until late 1915. At the
Battle of Neuve Chapelle(10- 13 March) the Garwhal Brigade advanced successfully during the initial offensive and the 1st Battalion took part in fierce fighting during the battle. In May it was involved in the battles of Festubert and Aubers. In September the battalion took part in the Battle of Looswhich saw the regiment awarded its first Victoria Cross. The VC action took place on 25 Septemberwhen rifleman Kulbir Thapaof the 2nd Battalion performed with distinction near the village of Fauqissart, becoming the first Gurkha recipient of the award.
The Battle of Loos was the battalion's last action on the Western Front and it left the 7th Division with the rest of the Garhwal Brigade for
Egyptin December 1915 after the brigade became an independent unit.
After its arrival in Egypt the 2nd Battalion saw active service against the
Ottoman Empireand later took part in the Palestine campaign, the second largest campaign by force totals during World War I. It fought in the Autumn Offensive, seeing their first action during the Battles of Gaza. It was involved in many other actions during the campaign, including the capture of Jerusalem in December. On 19 September 1918, just a few months before the conclusion of the war, the Megiddo Offensive, began and the battalion was involved in the capture of Sharon. For its part in the campaign the 3rd Gurkhas gained seven Battle Honours and the Theatre Honour"Palestine 1917-18" after such honours were granted to units in the 1920s.
10 April 1918at El Kefrin Egypt, Karanbahadur Ranaof the 2nd Battalion became the regiment's second VC recipient afterr distingishuing himself in an encounter with Ottoman forces, and was the last VC recipient of the regiment.
Elsewhere the 1st Battalion, from 1917, took part in the
Mesopotamian Campaign(now Iraq), gaining only a single Battle Honour in the process. It was achieved at the last battle of the campaign, at the Battle of Sharqat(28- 30 October 1918).
The First World War concluded with the signing of the
Armisticeon 11 November 1918but this gave the regiment no respite. It took part in the Third Afghan Warin 1919 and spent much of their inter-war years in the North West Frontierand Burma.The post-war reductions in the aftermath of WWI saw the regiment reduced to its pre-war estabslihment. The 3rd Battalion was disbanded in 1920 and the mistakenly raised 4th Battalion followed in 1922.
econd World War
The regiment, as in WWI, was actively involved in
World War IIand re-raised the 3rd Battalion in 1940 and the 4th Battalion the following year.
India gained its independence in 1947 and the regiment was one of 6 Gurkha regiments (out of 10) to be allocated to the
Indian Armyas part of the Tripartite Agreement between Britain, India and Nepal. The regiment retained its title until 1950 when India was proclaimed a Republicand the regiment became the "3 Gorkha Rifles". It remains in existence and consists of five battalions.
The Regiment won the Battle Honour 'Pir Kanthi' in the Uri Sector in 1948 and 'Shingo' in the Kargil Sector in 1971. 1/3 GR has the distinction of being the first battalion in the post-independence period to carry out amphibious operations during the 1971 Indo-Pak War. Colonel J.R. Chitnis, CO 1/3 GR, was honoured with the
Ashoka Chakraposthumously - India's highest peacetime medal for valour - in Nagaland in 1956.
December 3 1997, a statue was unveiled in Londonin honour of the Gurkhas. A quote from Sir Ralph Turner, a former officer in the 3rd Gurkhas, was inscribed on the memorial: "Bravest of the brave, most generous of the generous, never had country more faithful friends than you."
* [http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/gurkha/3rdgurkhas.htm Britishempire.co.uk - 3rd Gurkha Rifles]
* [http://www.1914-1918.net/ 1914-1918.net]
* [http://www.regiments.org/regiments/southasia/gurkha/03GR.htm Regiments.org - 3rd Gurkha Rifles]
* [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/Army/Regiments/3Gorkha.html 3GR on Bharat-Rakshak]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
1 Gorkha Rifles — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 1 Gorkha Rifles caption=Regimental Insignia of the 1GR dates= 1815 Present country= India allegiance= branch= Army type= Rifles role=Light Role size=5 Battalions command structure= garrison=Subathu, Himachal… … Wikipedia
8 Gorkha Rifles — Infobox Military Unit unit name=8 Gorkha Rifles caption= dates= 1824 Present country= India allegiance= branch= Army type= Rifles role= size=6 Battalions command structure= garrison=Shillong, Meghalaya garrison label=Regimental Centre nickname=… … Wikipedia
11 Gorkha Rifles — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 11 Gorkha Rifles caption= dates= 1948 Present country=India allegiance= branch=Indian Army type= Rifles role=Light Role size=6 Battalions command structure= garrison=Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh garrison… … Wikipedia
4 Gorkha Rifles — Infobox Military Unit unit name=4 Gorkha Rifles caption= dates= 1857 Present country= India allegiance= branch= Army type= Rifles role= size=5 Battalions command structure= garrison=Subathu, Himachal Pradesh garrison label=Regimental Centre… … Wikipedia
5 Gorkha Rifles — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 5 Gorkha Rifles caption= dates= 1891 present country= India allegiance= branch= Army type= Rifles role= size=6 Battalions command structure= garrison=Shillong, Meghalaya garrison label=Regimental Centre equipment … Wikipedia
9 Gorkha Rifles — Infobox Military Unit unit name=9 Gorkha Rifles caption= dates= 1807 Present country= India allegiance= branch= Army type= Rifles role= size=6 Battalions command structure= garrison=Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh garrison label=Regimental Centre… … Wikipedia
Gorkha regiments (India) — The 1st Battalion of 1 Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army take position outside a simulated combat town during a training exercise. The Gorkha regiments have been serving in the Indian Army ever since independence in 1947, when the Tripartite… … Wikipedia
Garhwal rifles — The Garhwal rifles were companies of riflemen from Garhwal who served in World War I.The Garhwal Himalayas form a stark and rugged terrain. The people inhabiting the area are equally rugged and frugal and provide fine military and infantry… … Wikipedia
Gurkha Rifles — may refer to any of a number of regiments of Gurkhas:* 1st King George V s Own Gurkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment) * 2nd King Edward VII s Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles) * 3rd Queen Alexandra s Own Gurkha Rifles * 4th Prince of Wales s… … Wikipedia
The Garhwal Rifles — Garhwal Rifles is a well known infantry rifle regiment of the Indian Army. During the World Wars and the wars fought after Independence, the regiment not only showed exemplary courage but also maintained its unique identity. Mainly made up of… … Wikipedia