- History of rail transport in Pakistan
Pakistan has a rich railway heritage spanning almost 200 years which it owes the British. It was in 1847 when the first railway was imagined but it was not until 1861 when it came into existence in the form of the railway built from Karachi to Kotri. Pakistan has stayed true to this rich heritage because since rail transport is possibly the most popular mode of non-independent transport in Pakistan.
The possibility of Karachi as a sea port was first noticed in the middle of 19th century. Sir Henry Edward Frere was appointed Commissioner of Sind in 1851 after its inclusion in Bombay Presidency and sought permission from Lord Dalhousie to begin a survey for a sea port. He also initiated the survey for a Railway line in 1858. It was proposed that a railway line from Karachi City to Kotri, steam navigation up the Indus and Chenab rivers up to Multan and from there another railway to Lahore and beyond be constructed.
The Scinde Railway was formed in 1855 and on 13 May 1861 succeeded in connecting Karachi to Kotri. This was the first railway line for public traffic between Karachi City and Kotri, a distance of 108 miles (174 km).
The 4 sections, i.e., Scinde (Sindh) Railways, Indus Flotilla Company, Punjab Railway and Delhi Railways, working in a single company, were later on amalgamated into the Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railways Company and purchased by the Secretary of State for India in 1885, and in January, 1886, it was named North Western State Railways, which was later on renamed as North Western Railway. The line between Karachi City and Kiamari was opened on 16 June 1889. During 1897 the line from Keamari to Kotri was doubled.
The railway line from Peshawar to Karachi closely follows Alexander’s line of march through the Hindu Kush mountains to the Arabian Sea. Different sections on the existing main line from Peshawar to Lahore and Multan and branch lines were constructed in the last quarter of 19th century and early years of 20th century. In 1961, the Pakistani portion of the North Western Railway was renamed Pakistan Railways.
At the time of independence, 1,947 route miles (3,133 km) of North Western Railways were transferred to India, leaving 5,048 route miles (8,124 km) to Pakistan. In 1954, the railway line was extended to Mardan and Charsada, and in 1956 the Jacobabad-Kashmore 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge line was converted into broad gauge. The Kot Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 and 1973 providing an alternative route from Karachi up the country.
History of rail transport in Asia Sovereign
- Burma (Myanmar)
- People's Republic of China
- East Timor (Timor-Leste)
- North Korea
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- Sri Lanka
- United Arab Emirates
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- South Ossetia
- Christmas Island
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands
- Hong Kong
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
History of rail transport in India — This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series. See also Rail transport in India and Indian Railways. Under British ruleA rail system in India was first proposed in 1832 in Madras but it never materialised. In the 1840s,… … Wikipedia
Transport in Pakistan — Transportation in Pakistan is extensive and varied but still in its developing stages and serving a population of over 160 million people. Construction of new airports, roads, and railway are providing a massive employment boost in Pakistan… … Wikipedia
Rail transport in India — This article is about the technical workings and operations of railways in India which are run by the Indian Railways. See also History of rail transport in India. Rail transport is a commonly used mode of long distance transportation in India.… … Wikipedia
Rail transport in the People's Republic of China — See also: China Railways Logo for China Railways … Wikipedia
Rail transport in Malaysia — KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Rail transport in Malaysia comprises heavy rail (including high speed rail), light rail transit (LRT), monorail and a funicular railway line. Heavy rail is mostly used for intercity passenger and freight… … Wikipedia
Rail transport in Lebanon — Map of the Lebanese rail network when it was in operation. Beirut main … Wikipedia
December 2006 in rail transport — 2005, 2006, 2007 2005 in rail transport 2006 in rail transport 2007 in rail transport This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in December 2006. Contents 1 Events … Wikipedia
Double-stack rail transport — A BNSF double stack train passing through Cajon Pass in California … Wikipedia
2005 in rail transport — yearbox in?=in rail transport cp=20th century c=21st century cf=22nd century yp1=2002 yp2=2003 yp3=2004 year=2005 ya1=2006 ya2=2007 ya3=2008 dp3=1970s dp2=1980s dp1=1990s d=2000s da=0 dn1=2010s dn2=2020s dn3=2030s|Events January events : Main… … Wikipedia
September 2005 in rail transport — September events September 1 September 3 ; September 1:* flagicon|United States Kansas City Southern Railway reopens its Meridian Speedway railway line between Meridian, Mississippi, and Shreveport, Louisiana, after clearing debris and repairing… … Wikipedia