Timeline of the Iraq War


Timeline of the Iraq War
M1A1 Abrams pose for a photo under the "Hands of Victory" in Ceremony Square, Baghdad, Iraq.

The following is a timeline of major events during the Multinational Force's Occupation of Iraq, following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Contents

2003

March

  • March 20: U.S. attacks Baghdad, Iraq, with missiles and bombs. U.K. and U.S. ground troops move into Iraq. Military occupation begins.

May

June

  • June 15: The U.S. military begins Operation Desert Scorpion, a series of raids across Iraq intended to find Iraqi resistance and heavy weapons.

July

  • July 2: President Bush challenges those attacking US troops to "Bring 'em on!"
  • July 13: The Iraqi Governing Council is established under the authority of the US Coalition Provisional Authority.
  • July 22: Uday and Qusay Hussein, Saddam Hussein's sons, are killed in Mosul

August

  • August 29: Influential Shiite cleric Ayatollah Mohammed Baqr al-Hakim is killed in a car bomb blast as he leaves his mosque after Friday prayers. At least 84 others are killed.

September

  • September 3 First post-Saddam government.
  • September 23: Gallup poll shows majority of Iraqis expect better life in 5 years. Around two-thirds of Baghdad residents state the Iraqi dictator removal was worth the hardships they've been forced to endure.

October

  • October 2: David Kay's Iraq Survey Group report finds little evidence of WMD in Iraq, although the regime did intend to develop more weapons with additional capabilities. Such plans and programs appear to have been dormant, the existence of these though were concealed from UNSCOM during the inspections that began in 2002. Weapons inspectors in Iraq did a find clandestine "network of biological laboratories" and a deadly strain of botulinum. The US-sponsored search for WMD has so far cost $300 million and is projected to cost around $600 million more.

November

  • November 2: In the heaviest single loss for the coalition troops up to that time, two US Chinook helicopters are fired on by two surface-to-air missiles and one crashes near Fallujah and on its way to Baghdad airport; 16 soldiers are killed and 20 wounded.[2][3]
  • November 15: The Governing Council unveils an accelerated timetable for transferring the country to Iraqi control.
  • November 22: 2003 Baghdad DHL attempted shootdown incident: An Airbus A-300 freighter belonging to German courier firm DHL is forced to make an emergency landing with an engine fire, after being struck by a portable shoulder-fired SA-14 missile.
  • November 30: The US military reports killing 46 militants and wounding 18 in clashes in the central city of Samarra. The reports are later called into question as reporters interview residents of the city. Hospital staff only reports eight dead - most or all of them civilians, including an elderly Iranian pilgrim. No bodies of dead guerillas are found.

December

  • December 17: The U.S. 4th Infantry Division launches Operation Ivy Blizzard, lasting from dawn until mid-morning. The operation resulted in the arrest of several guerrilla fighters and possible terrorists.

2004

January

February

  • February 21: U.S. permits Red Cross to visit Saddam Hussein for first time since his capture in December.

March

April

  • April 4: Beginning of violent clashes between the coalition and followers of Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, which will end at the end of August 2004.
  • April 26: The Iraq Interim Governing Council announce a new flag for post-Saddam Iraq. This creates much controversy, in part because of the similarity of color and design with the flag of Israel, and difference with other Arab nation flags. The flag is not adopted.

May

June

July

August

September

  • September 30: A car bomb strikes an American Humvee handing out candy to children, killing up to 35 children.

October

November

December

2005

January

  • January 26: 31 US soldiers die in a helicopter crash, deadliest day of the entire postwar period.
  • January 30: Iraqi legislative election. The Shia United Iraqi Alliance obtained a majority, followed by the Kurdish Alliance; Sunnis largely boycotted.

February

  • February 28: 2005 Al Hillah bombing: In the deadliest single blast up to that time, a car bomb kills 127 in Hillah; the identity of the bomber as a Jordanian caused a diplomatic row between Iraq and Jordan.

March

April

  • April 28: The Parliament votes its trust towards the new government.

May

  • May 8: Battle of Al Qaim, US aiming to stop the flow of foreign fighters into Iraq.
  • May 15 Formation of the parliamentary commission charged of the draft of the new Constitution.

July

August

  • August 15: Unable to find a consensus between the main political leaders, the Parliament postpones for a week the transmission of the draft constitution to its members.
  • August 22: The constitution's draft is presented to the Iraqi Parliament.
  • August 28: The constitution is presented to parliament.

September

October

November

December

  • December 14 - U.S. President George W. Bush says that the decision to invade Iraq in 2003 was the result of faulty intelligence, and accepts responsibility for that decision. He maintains that his decision was still justified.
  • December 15 Iraqi legislative election, December 2005

2006

February

  • February 22 The al-Askari Mosque bombing (2006): The Al Askari Mosque is bombed, sparking a wave of sectarian violence.

March

April

  • April 24: Hamdania incident. Marines allegedly abduct an Iraqi civilian from a house, kill him, and place components and spent AK-47 cartridges near his body to make it appear he was planting an IED.

May

June

July

August

October

November

  • November 19: Ammar al-Saffar, Deputy Health Minister, becomes the highest-ranking Iraqi to be kidnapped.

December

2007

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

2008

January

February

March

July

October

  • Oct. 26: 2008 Abu Kamal raid into Syria.

November

  • 2008 attacks on Christians in Mosul
  • The U.S.-Iraq Status of Forces Agreement, which stipulates that U.S. troops will be out of Iraq by the end of 2011, is approved and ratified by the Iraqi Parliament.

2009

January

  • January 31: Iraqi governorate elections, 2009
  • A total of 191 Iraqis were killed in violence during January, the lowest monthly toll since the US-led invasion of March 2003.[9] Sixteen U.S. troops died in Iraq in during the month.[10]

May

  • May 11: Camp Liberty killings
  • May 27: The last of the U.K.'s combat troops are withdrawn.[11]

July 25

  • Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election, 2009

August

  • 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings kill 101.

October

  • 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings kill 155.

December

  • 8 December 2009 Baghdad bombings kill 127.
  • December 31: The US suffers only four troop deaths, and no combat deaths, the lowest figure since the war began.[12]

2010

March

  • March 7: Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010

August

References


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