A breechblock (or "breech block") is the part of the firearm action that closes the breech of a weapon (whether small arms or artillery) at the moment of firing.

Most modern small firearms use a rotating breechblock, better known as a bolt, first used in manually operated bolt action weapons, but later operated by the power of the cartridge in automatic weapons. Some variations of non-rotating breechblocks include:

*Blowback - in which the breechblock is closed by a powerful spring. A variation of this is the "Delayed blowback" found in many weapons from Heckler & Koch
*Tipping breechblocks - both self-actuating (AG-42 Ljungman is one example) and manually operated by a lever (Peabody action) or other means (Krag-Petersson)
*Falling block (Sharps rifle)
*Rolling block (Remington)
*Side-hinged breechblock (Snider-Enfield)
*Front-hinged breechblock (Springfield)
*Screw breechblock (Ferguson rifle)
*Rotating crank (Kammerlader)
*Revolver (Colt revolving rifle)

In artillery the forces are much greater, but similar methods are used. The Welin breech block uses an interrupted screw and is used on weapons with calibres from about 4 inches up to 16 inches or more. Other systems use horizontal or vertical sliding block.

The "Latched breechblock" hasn't existed historically, but is a possible breechblock. The principle of the "latched breechblock" is that the breech is closed by putting a cap, and a cap is locked by latch.

ee also


External links

* [ Breech Mechanisms in artillery]

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