- Flag of Albania
Name = Albania
Use = 111010
Proportion = 5:7
April 7, 1992
Design = A
silhouetteof an open-winged bicephalated eagle on a red field.
Use2 = 000100
Proportion2 = 2:3
Design2 = A horizontal bicolor triband of red, black, and red.
Use3 = 000001
Proportion3 = 2:3
Design3 = A silhouette of an open-winged bicephalated eagle on a white field with a wide horizontal red stripe below.
Type = NationalThe national flag of
Albaniais a red flag with a black two-headed eaglein the center. It is the only red and black flag of a recognized sovereign state. It is claimed to be derived from the similar seal of Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg, a 15th century Albanian who led the revolt against the Ottoman Empirethat resulted in brief independence for some regions of Albania from 1443 to 1478. The current flag was officially adopted on April 7, 1992, but previous Albanian states such as the Kingdom of Albaniaand the post-war communist state had used much the same flag, with the former sporting the " Helmet of Skanderbeg" above the eagle and the latter a red star with a yellow rim.
The National Assembly of Vlora which proclaimed Albanian Independence on
28 November 1912approved the flag as a symbol of the Albanian nation.
The National Eldery of
Durrëswhich created the government of Muslim Albania in 1914 approved the flag of Esat Pasha as the symbol of Albania, whereas the Muslim Albanians who created their parallel government until 1915 used their old Ottoman flag as their symbol.
The horizontal open-winged eagle symbolises the lack of submission of the highland Albanians to foreign conquest. The communist regime added a yellow five-pointed star to the flag, which was removed by the first Albanian pluralist parliament in 1992 after the communist collapse.
civil ensignand naval ensign, both maritime flagsare different from the national flag. The civil ensign consists of three horizontal bands of red, black, and red. The naval ensign is similar to the national flag, except that the eagle is on a white field, and the lower portion of the flag has a red stripe.
The presidential flag of
Kosovo, which is ethnically largely Albanian, is also based on the flag of Albania.
ymbolism and Evolution
The main theory suggests that
Skanderbegused the Byzantinedouble-headed eagle on his seals, hence the modern flag [ [http://www.fotw.us/flags/al.html#ori Flags Of The World, Albania] ] . Although the flag of Albania is very similar to the Byzantineflag due to its ties to the ancient empire (much like any country in Eastern Europe), in Albania the symbol of the bicephalous eagle has acquired another interpretation by communists. It refers to the territory of Albania as the crossroads between eastern and western cultures and the unity of its peoples despite religious cleavages. Whereas the Serbs, for example created their medieval empire of Tsar Stefan Dusan, or Modern Greece, whose nationalist program Megali Ideaborrowed heavily from Byzantine tradition Albania possesses a four-fold confessional divide and was forced by the Habsburgs to maintain a laic identity. Similarly, although unsubstantiated, the name Land of the Eaglesmay refer to the mountainous territory of the country, and the inhabitants of this territory.
Emblem of Albania
The Tale of the Eagle
Religion in Albania
Flag of Kosovo
* Noel Malcolm, "Kosovo: A Short History" (New York: New York University Press, 1999), 29
* Marin Barleti, "Storia de Vita et Gestis Scanderbegis, Princeps Epirotarum" trans. Stefan I. Prifti (Tirane: Shtypshkronja “Mihal Duri” 1964).
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