Doxography


Doxography

Doxography (Greek: δόξα - "an opinion, a point of view" + γράφειν - "to write, to describe") is a term used especially for the works of classical historians, describing the points of view of past philosophers and scientists. The term was coined by the German classical scholar Hermann Alexander Diels.

Classic Greek philosophy

A great many philosophical works have been lost; our limited knowledge of such lost works comes chiefly through the doxographical works of later philosophers, commentators, and biographers. Philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle also act as doxographers, as their comments on the ideas of their predecessors indirectly tell us what their predecessors' beliefs were. Plato's Defense of Socrates, for example, tells us much of what we know about the natural philosophy of Anaxagoras.

Islamic doxography

Islamic doxography is an aggregate of theosophical works (like Kitab al-Maqalat by Abu Mansur Al Maturidi) concerning the aberrations in Islamic sects and streams.

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  • doxography — dox·og·ra·phy …   English syllables

  • doxography —   n. ancient Greek collection of philosophical extracts.    ♦ doxographer, n.    ♦ doxographical, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • doxography — noun see doxographer * * * doxogˈraphy noun • • • Main Entry: ↑doxographer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ionians (The) — The Ionians Malcolm Schofield THALES AND OTHERS The Greeks agreed that philosophy had begun with Thales. However they did not know much about his views.1 What survives is mostly a potent legend. Herodotus tells stories of his practical ingenuity …   History of philosophy

  • Peripatetic school (The) — The Peripatetic school1 Robert W.Sharples THE HISTORY OF THE SCHOOL AND OF ARISTOTLE’S WRITINGS The history of Peripatetic philosophy after Aristotle falls into two phases, divided by the renewal of interest in the works we now possess after… …   History of philosophy

  • Doxografie — Doxographie bzw. grafie (abgeleitet aus griech.: δόξα „eine Meinung, eine Ansicht“ + γραϕή „Schrift“) bezeichnet allgemein diejenigen Teile des Werkes klassischer Historiker und Philosophen, in denen die Meinungen, Ansichten (dóxai) oder auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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