- Nenets language
Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Komi Republic, Murmansk Oblast
Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Nenets ("autonym": ненэця" вада) is a language spoken by the
Nenets peoplein northern Russia. It belongs to the Samoyedic languageswhich form the Uralic language family with the Finno-Ugric languages. There are two major dialects—Tundra Nenets and Forest Nenets—with low mutual intelligibility between the two. Tundra Nenets has the larger group of speakers.
Nenets is spoken by 27,273 people, of which 26,730 people are native speakers. It is spoken in the wide area in North
Russiaincluding Nenets and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Komi Republic, and the eastern parts of Murmansk Oblaston the Kola peninsula.
Nenets has a CV(C)
syllablestructure. In other words, a syllable may contain an initial consonant, a medial vowel, and an optional terminal consonant. Examples include "ya" ("earth"), "wada" ("word"), and "ŋarka" ("big"). The schwaor reduced vowel may sometimes appear in lieu of a terminal consonant. Although the language does not technically permit syllables to begin with vowels, in practice this sometimes occurs in western dialects, particularly due to the loss of initial ŋ, e.g. western "arka" ("big") versus standard east-central "ŋarka".
The syllabic structure is fairly consistent in all dialects, however. There are no
long vowels or diphthongs, nor initial nor final consonant clusters, nor medial clusters containing more than two consonants.
* [http://www.helsinki.fi/~tasalmin/tn.html Tundra Nenets homepage]
* [http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/3259/fnen-eng.html Forest Nenets-English glossary]
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=yrk Ethnologue report]
* [http://www.speech.nw.ru/Nenets/ The Russian-Nenets Audio Phrasebook]
* [http://www.speech.nw.ru/NenNgan/ Comparative Nenets-Nganasan dictionary (with Russian and English equivalents)]
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Nenets people — Nenets Nenets family in their tent. Total population 42,000 Regions with significant populations Russia Languages … Wikipedia
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Nenets — may refer to: Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia Nenets people, a Samoyedic people Nenets languages, a small language family of two closely related Samoyedic languages… … Wikipedia
Nenets (etnia) — Nenets (Saamod) Ненцы Familia nenets en su chum. Población total 41.302 (Censo de 2002) Idioma nenezo y ruso … Wikipedia Español
Nenets — /nen ets/, n., pl. Nentsi, Nentsy /nent see/, (esp. collectively) Nenets. 1. a member of a reindeer herding Uralic people of far northern European Russia and adjacent areas of Siberia as far as the Yenisei River delta. 2. the Samoyedic language… … Universalium
Nenets — Ethnic group. The Nenets are an indigenous Uralic people of Russia’s Far North. According to the most recent census, they number fewer than 50,000 and reside mostly in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Nenetsiya), the Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Nenets — [ nɛnɛts] noun (plural same or Nentsy or Nentsi) 1》 a member of a nomadic people of Siberia. 2》 the Samoyedic language of the Nenets. Origin the name in Russ … English new terms dictionary
Language in the Russian Federation — While the Russian language is the dominant medium of communication in education, media, literature, public life, and the economy of the Russian Federation, the country is home to dozens of languages spoken nowhere else in the world. While only … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Nenets — noun a) a member of a people who live in the extreme northwest of Russia; the Samoyed. b) the Samoyedic language spoken by these people … Wiktionary
Nenets — ISO 639 3 Code : yrk ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3