Nenets language


Nenets language

language
name=Nenets
nativename=ненэця" вада
states=Russia
region=Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Komi Republic, Murmansk Oblast
speakers=31,311
familycolor=Uralic
fam2=Samoyedic
fam3=Northern
nation=Nenets Autonomous Okrug
iso2=mis
iso3=yrk

Nenets ("autonym": ненэця" вада) is a language spoken by the Nenets people in northern Russia. It belongs to the Samoyedic languages which form the Uralic language family with the Finno-Ugric languages. There are two major dialects—Tundra Nenets and Forest Nenets—with low mutual intelligibility between the two. Tundra Nenets has the larger group of speakers.

Geographical distribution

Nenets is spoken by 27,273 people, of which 26,730 people are native speakers. It is spoken in the wide area in North Russia including Nenets and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Komi Republic, and the eastern parts of Murmansk Oblast on the Kola peninsula.

Phonology

Nenets has a CV(C) syllable structure. In other words, a syllable may contain an initial consonant, a medial vowel, and an optional terminal consonant. Examples include "ya" ("earth"), "wada" ("word"), and "ŋarka" ("big"). The schwa or reduced vowel may sometimes appear in lieu of a terminal consonant. Although the language does not technically permit syllables to begin with vowels, in practice this sometimes occurs in western dialects, particularly due to the loss of initial ŋ, e.g. western "arka" ("big") versus standard east-central "ŋarka".

The syllabic structure is fairly consistent in all dialects, however. There are no long vowels or diphthongs, nor initial nor final consonant clusters, nor medial clusters containing more than two consonants.

Vowels:

External links

* [http://www.helsinki.fi/~tasalmin/tn.html Tundra Nenets homepage]
* [http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/3259/fnen-eng.html Forest Nenets-English glossary]
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=yrk Ethnologue report]
* [http://www.speech.nw.ru/Nenets/ The Russian-Nenets Audio Phrasebook]
* [http://www.speech.nw.ru/NenNgan/ Comparative Nenets-Nganasan dictionary (with Russian and English equivalents)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nenets people — Nenets Nenets family in their tent. Total population 42,000 Regions with significant populations Russia Languages …   Wikipedia

  • Nenets languages — Nenets Ethnicity: Nenets people Geographic distribution: Russia: Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Komi Republic, Murmansk Oblast[citation needed …   Wikipedia

  • Nenets — may refer to: Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia Nenets people, a Samoyedic people Nenets languages, a small language family of two closely related Samoyedic languages… …   Wikipedia

  • Nenets (etnia) — Nenets (Saamod) Ненцы Familia nenets en su chum. Población total 41.302 (Censo de 2002) Idioma nenezo y ruso …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nenets — /nen ets/, n., pl. Nentsi, Nentsy /nent see/, (esp. collectively) Nenets. 1. a member of a reindeer herding Uralic people of far northern European Russia and adjacent areas of Siberia as far as the Yenisei River delta. 2. the Samoyedic language… …   Universalium

  • Nenets —    Ethnic group. The Nenets are an indigenous Uralic people of Russia’s Far North. According to the most recent census, they number fewer than 50,000 and reside mostly in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Nenetsiya), the Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Nenets — [ nɛnɛts] noun (plural same or Nentsy or Nentsi) 1》 a member of a nomadic people of Siberia. 2》 the Samoyedic language of the Nenets. Origin the name in Russ …   English new terms dictionary

  • Language in the Russian Federation —    While the Russian language is the dominant medium of communication in education, media, literature, public life, and the economy of the Russian Federation, the country is home to dozens of languages spoken nowhere else in the world. While only …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Nenets — noun a) a member of a people who live in the extreme northwest of Russia; the Samoyed. b) the Samoyedic language spoken by these people …   Wiktionary

  • Nenets — ISO 639 3 Code : yrk ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.