Törökbálint


Törökbálint

Infobox Settlement
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = HUN
timezone=CET
utc_offset=+1
timezone_DST=CEST
utc_offset_DST=+2|official_name=Törökbálint


subdivision_type1=County
subdivision_name1=Pest
area_total_km2=29.4
population_total=12023
population_as_of=2004
population_density_km2=408.94
postal_code_type=Postal code
postal_code=2045
area_code=23
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Törökbálint
pushpin_mapsize =
latd=47.43668
longd=18.91224

Törökbálint [ˈtørøk̬baːlint] is a town in Pest county, Hungary. Törökbálint received town status on 1st July 2007.

The city has also got a German name, "Großturwall", which originates from the times of the Swabian immigration after the Turkish occupation of Hungary.

Geographic position

Törökbálint is ca. convert|15|km|mi|0|abbr=on westwards from Budapest, between Diósd and Budakeszi, which were also Swabian settlements.

Törökbálint can be directly approached from the motorways M0, M1 and M7.

History

Early history

Until the first century, the Avaric peoples were the inhabitants of Hungary, which the Romans chased away. Both nations left their footprint in whole Hungary; in Törökbálint as well, though the region was after the Roman invasion not inhabited until the 6th century, when Germanic tribes arrived.

After the Hungarian settling down in the 9th century, the main leader of the Hungarians, Árpád, gave the lands around the present Törökbálint to prince Kond, whose son, Csörsz built the first castle in the area. Its name was Torbágy ("Turobag"), which probably the ancient form of the present German name of the settlement was.

Only in the early new age, ca. in the 16. century was the then village renamed to Török-Bálint, with a Hungarian landlord and poet, Bálint Török (in Hungarian form Török Bálint) giving the name to it.

New Age and the modern Törökbálint

In the 16th century, the lands around Törökbálint were given to the Jesuits, who built many beautiful buildings in Baroque style. They possessed the lands until 1773. By this time, the area was hardly inhabited, which process was partly the result of the Turkish wars two hundred years before. In the 18th century, the first Danubian- Swabes began to arrive. The latter became the major population group in the area in a few decades.

After the order of the Jesuits was dissolved, Maria Theresia, the "Kaiserin" of Austria and Queen of Hungary gave the lands to Josef Majláth, her chamber counselor.

The first transportation contact with the capital, Budapest was established in 1884 with the opening of a railway.

In 1900, the township obtained a new name. Instead of Török-Bálint, the name Törökbálint became official.

The next important step in the development of the settlement was the opening of the suburban railway, in 1912, which was, however, closed after World War I.

After World War II, the Danibian-Swabes, who had been living there for hundreds of years, were chased away.

Nowadays, Törökbálint is part of the suburban Budapest. More and more people move to the township, which has a very calm and peaceful atmosphere. Spielberg, an area in the outskirts of Törökbálint, a former orchard, was, for instance, almost fully built in.

In the outskirts of Törökbálint, multinational companies, like Porsche, Cora, Tesco, IKEA give work for many inhabitants of the settlement.

Partnerships

Törökbálint has a partner city in Germany; Süßen, in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg.

Main sights

* Walla castle
* Lung sanatorium, which was the former castle of the Jesuits
* Calvary-row
* The Roman Catholic church, which was first mentioned 1422.
* The historic building of the Ignác Zimándy School
* The Calvinistic Church, which was built 1994 in partnership with the German town of Süßen
* Village Museum

External links

* [http://www.terkepcentrum.hu/index.asp?go=map&tid=6859 Street map (Hungarian)]
* [http://www.torokbalint.hu/ Official site]


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