Ulster Liberation Army

Ulster Liberation Army

The Ulster Liberation Army is a fictional organization in the novel Patriot Games by Tom Clancy. In Patriot Games, the Ulster Liberation Army (ULA) is a Maoist off-shoot of the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The ULA's leader is Kevin O'Donnell, a former student radical, whom Jack Ryan suspects may have staged the Bloody Sunday incident of 1972. O'Donnell was temporarily chief of security for the PIRA, where he used his position to execute a number of his rivals. Eventually, the PIRA leadership discovered this, and O'Donnell is forced to flee; he and his most radical supporters then create the ULA.

The ULA's main goal is to take over the PIRA and move it more to the left. To that end, O'Donnell plans to capture the British Prince of Wales and his wife and son, then use them to blackmail the British; at the same time, he works to penetrate the PIRA, waiting for the opportune moment to assassinate its leadership. The mission against the royal family would give O'Donnell enough recognition in Ireland that he believes what's left of the PIRA will then accept him as the new leader.

The book begins with a ULA operation against the Prince of Wales in his car in London. Jack Ryan, then a tourist, foils the attempt, earning himself the undying hatred of Sean Miller, who was running the operation. The ULA then retreats to its training camps in Libya to escape the wrath of the British and the PIRA. During the operation, the ULA still carries out two operations, both in the U.S. The first one is an agent provocateur attack on Jack's family, which is then blamed on the PIRA. The second one, soon thereafter, is an attempt to kidnap the Prince when he visits Jack in Maryland. The second operation ends in disaster; O'Donnell, Sean Miller and the rest of the ULA are either killed or captured, and later sentenced to the death penalty.

Foreign connections

The ULA is known to have connections to overseas terrorist groups; in the book, they are allied with an unnamed black radical group in the United States, as well as the real-life Action Directe of France. Connections to other red terrorists, like the Red Army Faction or Italian Red Brigades, are suspected but never proved.

The ULA also has government connections. Its main training facilities are inside Libya, protected by Qaddafi's government, which also provides weapons and funding. It is less clear whether the ULA also has a Soviet or Eastern Bloc connection. While researching the ULA, Ryan discovers that O'Donnell may have had plastic surgery done in a hospital in Moscow, but this is never confirmed. Similarly, Sean Miller mentions "our friends" several times while discussing funding with the black radicals, but it is never explained whether this refers to the Libyans or whether the Soviets are involved as well.

Movie version

In the movie, O'Donnell and his men are an unnamed rogue faction of the IRA; the ULA is never mentioned. They appear to be less motivated by ideology than by simple power; O'Donnell hopes to anger the British into bringing their full military might to bear on the IRA and destroy it, after which, as he puts it, "we'll be the only ones left".

Sean Miller's motivation is also much more personal. In the book, his motivation was strictly professional, and he was described as cold and totally lacking in humanity. In the movie, he has a brother, Paddy, who dies in the attempted attack on a member of the Royal Family (not the Prince of Wales); for the rest of the movie, he is driven by the need for revenge against Ryan, and cares little for the Royals, the Cause, or O'Donnell's goals.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black Liberation Army — La Black Liberation Army (BLA, « Armée noire de libération » ou « Armée de libération des Noirs ») était un groupe marxiste appartenant au black nationalism, qui s engagea aux États Unis dans la « lutte armée » de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Symbionese Liberation Army — Armée de libération symbionaise Armée de libération symbionaise SLA Classification communiste Objectifs Révolution prolétarienne Statut Inactif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irish National Liberation Army — (en)Irish National Liberation Army (ga)Arm Saoirse Náisiúnta na hÉireann …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irish National Liberation Army — The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA; Arm Saoirse Náisiúnta na hÉireann in Irish) is an Irish Republican, left wing paramilitary organisation which was formed on 8 December, 1974.Sharing a common Marxist ideology with the Irish Republican… …   Wikipedia

  • Ulster Clubs — were a series of unionist organisations founded in Northern Ireland in the Autumn of 1985. The Ulster Clubs were initially formed by Alan Wright, whose father was murdered by the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in 1979, as a support group… …   Wikipedia

  • Ulster Army Council — L Ulster Army Council (français : Conseil de l armée d Ulster) est une organisation nord irlandaise loyaliste fondée en 1973, chapeautant plusieurs groupes paramilitaires : l Ulster Defence Association, les Orange Volunteers, le Down… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee — L’Ulster Loyalist Central Co ordinating Committee (français : Comité central de coordination des loyalistes d Ulster, ULCCC) est une organisation loyaliste d Irlande du Nord fondé en 1974 pour prendre la suite de l Ulster Army Council. Elle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ulster Freedom Fighters — Les Ulster Freedom Fighters (français : Combattants de la liberté de l Ulster) sont la branche armée de l Ulster Defence Association et de l Ulster Democratic Party, fondé en 1973. Se battant contre l IRA pour le maintien de l Irlande du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ulster Volunteer Force — Pour la milice créée en 1912, voir Ulster Volunteers. L Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, français : Force volontaire d Ulster) est un groupe paramilitaire loyaliste d Irlande du Nord, fondé en 1966, reprenant le nom d une ancienne milice… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ulster Special Constabulary — L Ulster Special Constabulary (USC, parfois appelé B Specials ou B Men, français : Police spéciale d Ulster) est une force auxiliaire armée de police nord irlandaise. Fondée en 1920, elle est constituée exclusivement de protestants. Son… …   Wikipédia en Français