- Grappling hook
grapplingor wrestlingthe term hook refers to an arm or leg position designed to help control an opponent."
A grappling hook is a
hookattached to a rope, designed to be thrown or projected a distance, where its hooks will engage with the target. Grappling hooks were originally used in naval warfareto catch the riggingof an enemy ship so that it could be drawn in and boarded. Later, grappling hooks were also used in rescue work or to assist in scaling walls.
The most common design consists of a central shaft with a hole at the base of the shaft, called an "eye" to attach the rope, and three equally spaced hooks at the end of the shaft, so arranged that at least one is likely to catch on some protuberance of the target. Some modern designs feature folding hooks to resist unwanted attachment. Most grappling hooks are thrown by hand, but some used in rescue work are propelled by
compressed airor a rocket.
Grappling hooks are currently used by
combat engineers breaching tactical obstacles. The grappling hook is launched over the open ground in front of the obstacle and dragged backwards in an attempt to detonate trip-wire-fused land mines, and can be hooked onto wire obstacles and pulled to set off any booby traps on the wire. A tool available for this purpose is the rifle-launched grapnel, a single-use grappling hook placed on the end of an M4/M16 rifle. A grapnel can clear up to 99 percent of the trip-wires in a single pass.Field Manual 3-34.2 "Combined Arms Breaching Operations." 31 August 2000. Para. C-57 and Table C-2]
Grappling hooks in fiction
Since it is very hard to engineer any of these devices into a small and compact package, such grappling hooks are used mainly by fictional
superheroes in comics( Batman), video games and films.
In certain games and movies, elaborate fictional versions appear, often referred to as a grappling gun. This usually consists of a launcher (sometimes resembling a gun), a small electric motor, and a
ropecartridge with hook. The motor enables the hero to pull himself up (by wheeling the rope back to the launcher, while the hook is caught onto a solid anchor) or to drag and people.
The grappling hook became popular as a video game mechanism after the release of the Quake CTF (
Capture the Flag) modification on October 2, 1996. This addition to Quakeallowed players to fire "the grapple" at any surface. Once embedded in that surface, the grappling hook pulled players to that location. This mechanism allowed players to reach areas of the game level that would otherwise be inaccessible. The huge popularity of this "mod" resulted in the inclusion of both CTF modes and grappling hooks in many future games.
It usually consists of a
grappling hooklaunched from a gun-like firearm. The hooked end can catch onto a stable edge and then the user can "reel in" the line, though this sometimes is an automated feature. The hookshot has appeared in many video games, though is best known for its use in the Legend of Zelda series of videogames.Fact|date=January 2008
In "", the grappling hook is a versatile new addition to the hero Link's arsenal of weaponry. Simply a rope with a
tridentate metal claw at the end, it is primarily used to latch onto horizontal posts jutting out of cliffsides or walls in order to swing across large gaps. When latched onto these posts, the player can also climb the rope and stand on top of the post, offering a rugged method of ascending walls. While on a boat out at sea, the grappling hook becomes a crane used to haul treasure up from the ocean depths. In battle, the grappling hook can usefully snatch up key and restorative items held by one's enemies.
Moreover, a fictional variant of the grappling hook called the hookshot makes appearances in several "The Legend of Zelda" series games. This device is usually held in one hand, comprised of a coiled chain with a hook at its end, which most often takes the appearance of a tapered wedge. The chain can expand and retract, and when the hook latches onto various materials such as wood it either pulls the user towards the object or vice versa, depending on anchorage and differences in weight.
Bionic Commando", a grappling hook replaced the ability to jump from standard platform games. This led to an unusual but highly popular gameplay style.
A grappling hook features prominently in the arsenal of most modern depictions of
Batmanand several James Bondmovies. Buzz Lightyearuses a grappling hook in the movie " Toy Story 2" and the PC Game which was based on it. Woody, on the other hand, uses the retractable cord in his back as a lasso/grappling hook.
In the movie "", a jewel thief gang uses a grappling hook to get to a museum with diamonds.
Tomb Raider Legend" released Spring 2006 featured a magneticgrappling hook that had an electromagnetic head that attached to metallic objects.
In "The Simpsons game" Bartman can use grappling hook.
In Midway's "Mortal Kombat" fighting games, the character
Mavadouses a pair of elastic ropes with hooks at the end, which are called "Grappling Hooks," for movement or attacks. Scorpion is quite famous for his similar device, though he uses a kunaiattached to a rope, instead. In the essence of a grappling hook, it is essentially the same as he uses it to pull in enemies.
Green Arrow" had a "Grappling Arrow"
Tomb Raider Anniversary" released June 2007, had Lara Croftusing a standard grappling hook. She jumped over thousand-foot-deep pits, throwing her grappling hook at various rings and objects.
Ratchet & Clank" series has both a laser-based grapple hook, and a more traditional spring loaded one.
Mayuri Kurotsuchican launch his hand to use as a grappling hook.
* Rorschach (from The Watchmen) uses the CO2 powered grappling hook that Nite Owl 2 gave him as both a tool and an improvised weapon.
*In the movie
Scarfacea Colombian recruit uses a grappling hook to climb up Tony Montanamansion in an attempt to kill him.
Additionally Angel once used a grappling gun in a similar fashion as Batman to get into a building in the episode "She" of the first season of "Angel". This is the only time he used one in the series.
Ada Wong, in Resident Evil 4uses a "Grapple gun" in the sub-plot game "Separate ways".
One of the most important tools used by the main character in the game
Tenchuis a grappling hook, which he uses to climb onto such objects as palace roofs, walls, or trees.
In Carmen Sandeigo ThinkQuick Challenge, Snarla Swing uses a grappling hook to try to escape from her temple.
* Grapple tool
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Look at other dictionaries:
grappling hook — grappling iron UK [ˈɡræp(ə)lɪŋ ˌaɪə(r)n] / US [ˈɡræp(ə)lɪŋ ˌaɪrn] or grappling hook UK / US noun [countable] Word forms grappling iron : singular grappling iron plural grappling irons Word forms grappling hook : singular grappling hook plural… … English dictionary
grappling hook — (also grappling iron) ► NOUN ▪ a device with iron claws, attached to a rope and used for dragging or grasping … English terms dictionary
grappling hook — noun a tool consisting of several hooks for grasping and holding; often thrown with a rope • Syn: ↑grapnel, ↑grapple, ↑grappler, ↑grappling iron • Hypernyms: ↑tool • Hyponyms: ↑crampon, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
grappling hook — noun Date: 1581 a hook usually with multiple prongs that is typically attached to a rope and is used for grabbing, grappling, or gripping called also grappling iron … New Collegiate Dictionary
grappling hook — /ˈgræplɪŋ huk/ (say grapling hook) noun → grapnel (def. 1). Also, grappling iron … Australian English dictionary
grappling-hook — grappˈling iron or grappˈling hook noun 1. An instrument for grappling 2. A large grapnel for seizing hostile ships in naval engagements (historical) • • • Main Entry: ↑grapple … Useful english dictionary
grappling hook — (also grappling iron) noun a device with iron claws, attached to a rope and used for dragging or grasping … English new terms dictionary
grappling hook — noun A type of hook attached to a line and designed to be thrown at a target (e.g. rigging of an enemy ship) for the purpose of catching hold of it … Wiktionary
grappling iron — UK [ˈɡræp(ə)lɪŋ ˌaɪə(r)n] / US [ˈɡræp(ə)lɪŋ ˌaɪrn] or grappling hook UK / US noun [countable] Word forms grappling iron : singular grappling iron plural grappling irons Word forms grappling hook : singular grappling hook plural grappling hooks an … English dictionary
Hook — may refer to:Tools, hardware and fasteners* Cabin hook, a hooked bar that engages into an eye screw, used on doors * Fish hook, a device used to catch fish * Grappling hook, a hook attached to a rope, designed to be thrown and snagged on a target … Wikipedia