Berta Scharrer


Berta Scharrer

Berta Scharrer (born December 1 1906 nee Vogel, died July 23 1995) was a German-born scientist who helped to found the scientific discipline now known as neuroendocrinology. [Citation |author=National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) |year=1998 |title=Biographical memoirs |volume=74 |location=Washington, D.C. |publisher=National Academy Press |url=http://www.nap.edu/catalog/6201.html. |pages=288-307 ] Due to her studies of invertebrates, particularly the cockroach, her name was given to an entire species of cockroach, known as the Escala scharrerae, found in Australasia.

Biography

Berta Vogel was born in Munich, Germany, to Johanna Weiss Vogel and Karl Phillip Vogel, who served as vice-president of the federal court of Bavaria. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Munich. She worked at the university with Prof. Karl von Frisch, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1973 for his work with bees.

Berta Scharrer was forced to emigrate at the onset of the Holocaust. She arrived with her husband, Ernst Scharrer, in the United States with a total of eight dollars. Despite discrimination against women scientists at the time she eventually got a professorship at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, a branch of Yeshiva University, in September 1955. She remained at Einstein College until 1995, when she retired as a professor emerita five months before her death at age 88. Her husband died in 1965 in a swimming accident.

She earned honorary degrees from various universities, including Harvard, "as well as a nomination for a Nobel Prize for her pioneering research in brain chemicals."

Bibliography

* "Neuropeptides and immunoregulation" (1994) New York City, ISBN 0-387-57188-4
* "Functional morphology of neuroendocrine systems : evolutionary and environmental aspects" (1995) New York City, ISBN 0-387-18155-5
* "Handbuch der mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen, Bd. 6., Blutgefäss- und Lymphgefässapparat: Innersekretorische Drüsen T. 5., Die Nebenniere. Neurosekretion" (1954)
* "The structure of the ring-gland (Corpus allatum) in normal and lethal larvae of Drosophila melanogaster" (1938) Washington, DC

References

External links

* http://www.springerlink.com/index/P10P40751651PJ81.pdf
* http://www.springerlink.com/index/Q8276417534J1377.pdf
*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berta Scharrer — (* 1. Dezember 1906 als Berta Vogel in München; † 23. Juli 1995) war beteiligt an der Entwicklung der neuen Wissenschaftsdisziplin Neuroendokrinologie. Nach ihr wurde die in Australasia vorkommende Schabenart Escala Scharrerae in Anerkennung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scharrer — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Scharrer (1889–1948), Schriftsteller August Scharrer (1866–1936), deutscher Dirigent und Komponist Berta Scharrer (* 1906 als Berta Vogel; † 1995), deutsche Endokrinologin Christian Scharrer (* 1969) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scharrer, Berta Vogel — ▪ 1996       U.S. research scientist who conducted pioneering research on the physiology of cockroaches, work that helped establish neuroendocrinology as a scientific discipline (b. Dec. 1, 1906 d. July 23, 1995). * * * …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Scha–Schd — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sanford Palay — Sanford Louis Palay (b. 23 September 1918, Cleveland d. 5 August 2002, Concord, Massachusetts), known as Sandy Palay was an American scientist and educator.Academic BackgroundHe received his bachelor s degree from Oberlin College. Upon graduation …   Wikipedia

  • B. F. Skinner — Burrhus Frederic Skinner Born March 20, 1904(1904 03 20) Susquehanna, Pennsyl …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Shannon — Claude Elwood Shannon (1916 2001) Born April …   Wikipedia

  • Craig Venter — J. Craig Venter Craig Venter in 2007 Born October 14, 1946 (194 …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Knuth — Donald Ervin Knuth Donald Knuth at a reception for the Open Content Alliance, October 25, 2005 Born …   Wikipedia

  • Glenn T. Seaborg — Born April 19, 1912(1912 04 19) Ishpeming, Michigan, USA …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.