- Berta Scharrer
Berta Scharrer (born
December 1 1906nee Vogel, died July 23 1995) was a German-born scientist who helped to found the scientific discipline now known as neuroendocrinology. [Citation |author=National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) |year=1998 |title=Biographical memoirs |volume=74 |location=Washington, D.C. |publisher=National Academy Press |url=http://www.nap.edu/catalog/6201.html. |pages=288-307 ] Due to her studies of invertebrates, particularly the cockroach, her name was given to an entire species of cockroach, known as the Escala scharrerae, found in Australasia.
Berta Vogel was born in
Munich, Germany, to Johanna Weiss Vogel and Karl Phillip Vogel, who served as vice-president of the federal court of Bavaria. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Munich. She worked at the university with Prof. Karl von Frisch, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicinein 1973 for his work with bees.
Berta Scharrer was forced to emigrate at the onset of
the Holocaust. She arrived with her husband, Ernst Scharrer, in the United States with a total of eight dollars. Despite discrimination against women scientists at the time she eventually got a professorship at Albert Einstein College of Medicinein the Bronx, a branch of Yeshiva University, in September 1955. She remained at Einstein College until 1995, when she retired as a professor emerita five months before her death at age 88. Her husband died in 1965 in a swimming accident.
She earned honorary degrees from various universities, including
Harvard, "as well as a nomination for a Nobel Prize for her pioneering research in brain chemicals."
* "Neuropeptides and immunoregulation" (1994) New York City, ISBN 0-387-57188-4
* "Functional morphology of neuroendocrine systems : evolutionary and environmental aspects" (1995) New York City, ISBN 0-387-18155-5
* "Handbuch der mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen, Bd. 6., Blutgefäss- und Lymphgefässapparat: Innersekretorische Drüsen T. 5., Die Nebenniere. Neurosekretion" (1954)
* "The structure of the ring-gland (Corpus allatum) in normal and lethal larvae of Drosophila melanogaster" (1938) Washington, DC
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Berta Scharrer — (* 1. Dezember 1906 als Berta Vogel in München; † 23. Juli 1995) war beteiligt an der Entwicklung der neuen Wissenschaftsdisziplin Neuroendokrinologie. Nach ihr wurde die in Australasia vorkommende Schabenart Escala Scharrerae in Anerkennung… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Scharrer — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Scharrer (1889–1948), Schriftsteller August Scharrer (1866–1936), deutscher Dirigent und Komponist Berta Scharrer (* 1906 als Berta Vogel; † 1995), deutsche Endokrinologin Christian Scharrer (* 1969) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Scharrer, Berta Vogel — ▪ 1996 U.S. research scientist who conducted pioneering research on the physiology of cockroaches, work that helped establish neuroendocrinology as a scientific discipline (b. Dec. 1, 1906 d. July 23, 1995). * * * … Universalium
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