- Helen Hope Montgomery Scott
Helen Hope Montgomery Scott (
1904- January 9, 1995) was a socialiteand philanthropistwho "Vanity Fair" once called "the unofficial queen of Philadelphia's WASP oligarchy." She is most famous as the inspiration for Tracy Lord, the main character in the Philip Barryplay, " The Philadelphia Story", which was made into the filmof the same name. Mrs. Scott was a longtime chairmanand executive directorof the Devon Horse Show, and sponsored other events to raise money for the Bryn Mawr Hospital, her favorite charity. She was viewed as the epitome of Main Line high society and was a symbol of an aristocratic but free-spirited style and elegance.
Hope Scott was one of the four children of Colonel Robert Leaming Montgomery, who founded the investment firm known today as
Janney Montgomery Scott. Her mother was Charlotte Hope Binney Tyler Montgomery, whose family had made its fortune in banking. In 1923 Helen Hope Montgomery married Edgar Scott, an investment bankerand heir to a railroadfortune. After her marriage Mrs. Scott began to appear regularly on the New York Couture Group's annual list of best-dressed women. Her beauty and slim, angular figure (size eight throughout her life) was much admired, inspiring artists such as Cecil Beatonand Augustus John. Mrs. Scott became famous for lavish parties at Ardrossan, the Montgomerys' convert|750|acre|km2|sing=on estate in Radnor, Pennsylvania, where she entertained notables of society, politics, and the arts, including Averill Harriman, Cole Porter, and Katharine Hepburn. Her son, Robert Montgomery Scott, was a noted local philanthropist who served as president of the Academy of Musicas well as the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Early life and social environment
Helen Hope Montgomery was initially educated by a governess, later spending a short period at a girl's
boarding school, the Foxcroft Schoolin Virginia. She had begun riding at the age of four, and horsemanship was a major interest of hers throughout her lifetime. She was officially introduced to society as a debutanteat the Philadelphia Assembly Ball in 1922. The oldest and most exclusive social gathering in the United States, it has been held every year since 1748 and is strictly reserved for members of the city's Social Register.
Philadelphia was America's leading city in the 18th century and continued to be an important commercial center through the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Its
upper classat that time embraced a form of the class-consciousnessdescribed by Edith Whartonin such novels as " The Age of Innocence", and the term WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) is said to have been coined to describe its members. Philadelphia society, more traditional than that of New Yorkor San Francisco, consciously copied the manners and pursuits of the English aristocracywith private gentlemen's clubs, leisure pursuits such as fox huntingand rowing, and the annual debutante ball, held in the ballroom of the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel.
As the beautiful daughter of an "old money" Philadelphia family, Helen Hope Montgomery received four
marriageproposals the evening of her society debut, but did not accept any of them. The following year she met 24-year old Edgar Scott, a grandson of Pennsylvania Railroadpresident Thomas A. Scott, at a Main Line dinner party. They dated only a dozen times before deciding to marry, but her parents insisted they wait nine months more. Their marriage was described as the society wedding of the year, and covered in minute detail by the press. The newlyweds moved into Orchard Lodge, a ca. 1720 fieldstonehouse given to Mrs. Scott by her father as a wedding present, which is on the Ardrossan estate in Radnor Township.
The Pennsylvania Railroad, at one time the largest publicly-traded corporation in the world, was the source of many great Philadelphia fortunes. The railroad's main trunk line to
Harrisburg, developed in the 1840s, ran west from the city through the farming country near Washington's famed Valley Forgeencapment. In addition to acquiring right-of-way for its rail lines, the railroad also purchased farmland for suburban development and marketed properties as vacation homes allowing Philadelphia's wealthy urbanites to escape the city's notoriously humid summers. These suburbs, known as "The Main Line," developed rapidly. Wealthy Philadelphians purchased nearby farms and, hiring leading architects such as Horace Trumbauerand Frank Furnessto design mansions, created an imitation of aristocratic English country living.
The Montgomery family had originated in
Ardrossan, a Scottish town in Ayrshire. Colonel Montgomery was born into modest circumstances in Darby, Pennsylvania, and was determined to achieve social prominence. Upon becoming wealthy (as a result of his firm's handling the incorporation of the Baldwin Locomotive Works) he acquired several adjacent farms on the Main Line and developed them in 1909, naming the property Ardrossan. "The big house," the 45-room Georgian mansion that was to become an iconic symbol of the old Main Line, was completed in 1911 from a design by Trumbauer. The interior design was handled by White, Allom & Company, whose clientele included English royalty. The manor house features 50 rooms, convert|13|ft|m|sing=on-high ceilings, and a dining room with accommodations for 30. Among the family portraits that decorate the walls are some painted by Gilbert Stuartand Thomas Sully, together with a famed portrait of Hope Scott by Augustus John. The piano in the ballroom was a gift to Colonel Montgomery's middle daughter, Mary Binney Montgomery Wheeler, from Leopold Stokowski, who unsuccessfully proposed marriage to her twice. In its heyday, a full-time staff of 12 managed the housekeeping. In addition to the manor house the estate was home to more than 38 structures, including a number of historically significant homes; one structure dates to 1689 and another was built in 1742. Until the death of Mrs. Scott, it was a working farm, featuring a prize-winning herd of Ayrshire dairy cows.
"The Philadelphia Story"
Mrs. Scott became a noted figure in the international social scene of the 1920s and 1930s. She danced the Charleston with
Josephine Bakerin Parisand the foxtrotwith the Duke of Windsorat El Morocco. Confident and high-spirited, she is said to have convinced Edward VIII to stand on his head and reveal what was beneath his kilt( long johns), and claimed to have had to fight off the advances of a lecherous Augustus John. On one occasion she seated her dog as a guest at a formal dinner party. Her insouciance was to make her indirectly responsible for James Stewart's only Oscar, Katharine Hepburn's development into a major film star and, it is said, the popularity of "Tracy" as a girl's Christian name.
Edgar Scott had been a classmate of future New York
playwrightPhilip Barry while at Harvardand the Scotts were lifelong friends of Barry and his wife, Ellen. The idle rich were a source of inspiration to Barry, who had also become interested in the then-new phenomenon of the tabloidnewspaper. Tabloids were notorious for gossip and scandal, aenethema to conservative high-society families, and while on a visit to St. Paul, Minnesota, Barry had heard of a local criminal enterprise in which prominent wealthy families were blackmailed with threats of exposing family scandals. Furthermore Ellen had suggested basing a play on Philadelphia's social elite. The result was "The Philadelphia Story", a comedy of mannersabout a tabloid's invasion of a society girl's wedding, which appeared on Broadway in 1939 starring Katharine Hepburn. The motion picture rights were purchased by Hepburn's then-boyfriend Howard Hughes, and her reprise of the role in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayerfeature film is said to have restarted her stalled movie career. A later remake of the film, " High Society", gave Grace Kellyher most famous role.
Upon her father's death in 1949, Mrs. Scott undertook the management of the Ardrossan estate, modernizing the farming facilities and becoming hostess of "the great house," although her brother and one of her sisters continued to live on the estate.
Mrs. Scott won many awards for horsemanship during her lifetime. Together with her husband she participated in fox hunting events and
horse shows. A principal organizer of the Devon Horse Show after the Second World War, Mrs Scott was elected chairman and executive director of the annual event, which raised money to support the Bryn Mawr Hospital. She also served as a director of the United States Equestrian Teamand of the American Horse Show Association. She continued to be socially active until her death in early 1995 at age 90. Her husband Edgar survived her for four months, passing away on May 26, 1995. She was also survived by her two sons, Edgar Jr. and Robert, and several grandchildren.
*cite journal | last =Irvine | first =Ian | title =The Real Philadelphia Story | journal =Sunday Telegraph | pages =1 | date =April 16, 1995 | url =http://www.thorncroft.org/hopescott.htm
*cite journal | last = | first = | title =Main Line Madcap | journal =Vanity Fair | pages = | date =October 1995
* [http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=18318346&BRD=1677&PAG=461&dept_id=82745&rfi=6 Ardrossan estate's final chapter]
* [http://www.lexhamarts.org/theater/200207/Program200207.pdf Community theater "Philadelphia Story" playbill.]
* [http://www.philly.com/philly/news/nation_world/20070506_House_so_grand__even_Tinseltown_had_to_tone_it_down.html "Philadelphia Inquirer" article]
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