Cropredy shown within Oxfordshire
Population 712 (2001 Census) OS grid reference - London 81.7 miles (131.5 km) Parish Cropredy District Cherwell Shire county Oxfordshire Region South East Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town Banbury Postcode district OX17 Dialling code 01295 Police Thames Valley Fire Oxfordshire Ambulance South Central EU Parliament South East England UK Parliament Banbury Website Cropredy village website List of places: UK • England • Oxfordshire
Church and chapels
The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin is built of the local ironstone, which is a ferrous Jurassic limestone. Parts of the south aisle date from the 13th century. However, most of the present building was built in the 14th century in the Decorated Gothic style, including the chancel arch, nave arcades, east window and most of the windows in the south aisle. In the 15th century a clerestory was added above the nave, the north aisle was rebuilt with new windows, and both aisles were extended eastwards to form side chapels; all in the Perpendicular Gothic style.
The bell tower has a peal of bells. There used to be six, but in 2007 two new treble bells increased this to eight. One of the new bells is named St Mary; the other Fairport Convention Festival Bell.
By the 13th century Cropredy was associated with the legend of Saint Fremund, a Mercian who was said to have been martyred in the 9th century. Fremund's relics are supposed to have been moved from Offchurch in Warwickshire to Prescote, where they were lost for a time and then rediscovered and moved to Cropredy. They were then moved to the Augustinian Priory at Dunstable, probably in 1207, but an association with Fremund remained at Cropredy. There are records of gifts to a chapel and shrine to the saint here in 1488 and 1539, and a chantry priest serving in St. Fremund's chapel in 1489. During the English Reformation under Edward VI the Crown sold the chapel and its contents in 1549 and it was probably demolished. No trace remains, its site is unknown and it is not clear whether the shrine chapel was at St. Mary's church or elsewhere in the parish.
Cropredy Bridge on the River Cherwell was the site of a major battle in 1644 during the English civil war. King Charles' engaged the Parliamentarian army led by Sir William Waller. The battle was a stalemate; Parliamentarian side suffered heavy casualties but ultimately prevented the King's forces from crossing the bridge. A plaque on the bridge bears the inscription: “Site of the Battle of Cropredy Bridge 1644. From Civil War deliver us.” Prior to the battle, some of the church valuables were hidden in the River Cherwell; these included the brass eagle lectern, which was not recovered for fifty years, during which time it was damaged.
Construction of the Oxford Canal began at Hawkesbury Junction on the Coventry Canal in 1769 and reached Cropredy in October 1777. The canal passes between the River Cherwell and the village. There is a canal lock here, and at the south end of the village a wharf was built. This originally handled coal from the Coventry coalfield, and now serves the canal's popular leisure traffic. The wharf was briefly the canal's terminus, until the section from Cropredy to Banbury opened in March 1778. The canal finally reached Oxford and the River Thames at the end of 1789.
The Oxford and Rugby Railway had been built from Oxford northwards past Cropredy by 1852. It never reached Rugby, but at Fenny Compton it met the Birmingham and Oxford Junction Railway and thus became part of an important north-south main line. The Great Western Railway took over the O&RR before it was completed, and opened Cropredy railway station to serve the village. British Railways closed the station in 1956.
A National School, Cropredy and Bourton School, was opened in Cropredy in 1855. In 1867 it was renamed simply Cropredy School and a second classroom was added. In 1947 it was reorganised as a junior and infant school. Today it is a Church of England primary school.
Annual music festival
On farmland east of the village the electric folk band Fairport Convention stages an annual three-day music festival titled Fairport's Cropredy Convention. The festival has expanded from a one-day event first held in 1980 (although the band had played fundraisers in the village since 1976). The festival presents a varied line-up of music but Fairport Convention always plays the closing set on the Saturday night. 'Big name' artists such as Richard Thompson and Robert Plant regularly perform. Most festival-goers camp on the festival site but some arrive by narrowboat on the canal. In 2007 the festival sold all available tickets before it opened, the first time this had been achieved.
See article Fairport's Cropredy Convention
- History of Banbury, Oxfordshire
- ^ "Area: Cropredy CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=798557&c=Cropredy&d=16&e=15&g=480134&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1267790922204&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, pp.559-560
- ^ Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell ringers, Banbury Branch
- ^ "Cropredy Church Bells". Cropredy Village. http://www.cropredyvillage.info/ChurchBells.htm. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- ^ "Cropredy Convention Archive". Fairport Convention's official website. 6 February 2007. http://www.fairportconvention.com/cropredy_archive.php?p=2. Retrieved 5 July 2009. "Inscriptions had been set in the moulding: the new treble is named St Mary and inscribed Cropredy Villagers gave me. The second bell is inscribed Fairport Convention Festival Bell to acknowledge Fairport Convention and the festival's association with the village."
- ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Shire's Edge". A Church Near You. Church of England. http://www.achurchnearyou.com/benefice.php?B=27/139CW. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Crossley, 1972, pp.157-175
- ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, p.560
- ^ Walker 1975, p.19
- ^ Compton, 1976, p.25
- ^ Compton, 1976, p.39
- ^ Cropredy C.E. Primary School
- ^ The Brasenose Arms
- ^ The Red Lion
- ^ Fairport's Cropredy Convention website
- ^ Redwood & Woodward 1995, p.76
- Compton, Hugh J. (1976). The Oxford Canal. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0 7153 7238 6.
- Crossley, Alan (ed.); Christina Colvin, Janet Cooper, N.H. Cooper, P.D.A. Harvey, Marjory Hollings, Judith Hook, Mary Jessup, Mary D. Lobel, J.F.A. Mason, B.S. Trinder, Hilary Turner (1972). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 10.
- Redwood, Fred; Woodward, Martin (1995). The Woodworm Era: The story of today's Fairport Convention. Thatcham: Jeneva. ISBN 0-9525860-0-2.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0 14 071045 0.
- Walker, George Graham (1975). Churches of the Banbury Area. Kineton: Roundwood Press. ISBN 0 900093 52 8.
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