- International Speedway Corporation
company_name = International Speedway Corporation
company_type = Public (nasdaq|ISCA, otcbb|ISCB)
foundation = 1953 (as Bill France Racing, Inc.)
Daytona Beach, Florida
Bill France, Sr., founder Jim France, CEO Lesa Kennedy, president
industry = Motorsports
products = Sporting events
revenue = profit $798.4 million USD (2006, November)|
operating_income = profit $199.2 million USD (2006, November)
net_income = profit $116.8 million USD (2006, November)
num_employees = 1,000 (full time)
homepage = [http://www.iscmotorsports.com/ www.iscmotorsports.com]
International Speedway Corporation (ISC) is a
corporationwhose primary business is the ownership and management of NASCARrace tracks. ISC was founded by NASCAR founder Bill France, Sr.in 1953 for the construction of Daytona International Speedwayand in 1999 they merged with Penske Motorsports to become one of the largest motorsportscompanies in North America. The company has played an important, though controversial, role in the modernization of the sport. It has worked with NASCAR to create new tracks and update older ones in an effort to improve the racing and the experience for spectators (though because both companies have several members of the France familyin top positions, ISC's competitors have filed multiple lawsuits on antitrustgrounds) and has constructed popular new tracks in regions previously thought uninterested in NASCAR (though this has upset some residents of nearby towns who do not want a NASCAR track in their back yard).
Bill France Racing
International Speedway Corporation (ISC) was founded as Bill France Racing, Inc. (later Daytona International Speedway Corporation) in 1953 and in 1957 the company signed a contract for the use of land on which to build Daytona International Speedway, one of the world's first
superspeedways.cite web |url=http://www.iscmotorsports.com/about_history.html |title=About ISC: History |work=iscmotorsports.com |accessdate=2006-12-23] A decade later, France decided to build another superspeedway, this time on a 2,000-acre (8 km²) site near Talladega, Alabamaand after its completion Talladega Superspeedwaybecame NASCAR's fastest track. These two tracks were the fastest on the series schedule until the advent of restrictor plates in 1988. In 1968, the company assumed its current name to reflect its more ambitious scope. Two years later, ISC created the Motor Racing Network, a play-by-play radio networkfor NASCAR races, with MRN's first race coverage coming at the 1970 Daytona 500.
The early 1980s saw NASCAR's popularity increase, not only among fans, but also with
sponsors. Companies like Ford, General Motors, Winston and Gatoradewere willing to put up advertising dollars and holding auto races became a much more profitable venture. To capitalize on this, the company began pursuing expansion through the purchase of existing tracks. In 1982, the company bought one of the series' most popular and traditional ones, Darlington Racewaywhich has been in operation since 1950, as well as Tucson Raceway Park, a convert|.375|mi|km dirt oval (since paved) in Arizona.cite web |url=http://www.answers.com/topic/international-speedway-corporation |title=International Speedway Corporation |work=Encyclopedia of Company Histories |accessdate=2007-01-05 ] The following year they parterned with Corning Glass Worksto purchase the Watkins Glen Internationalroad course in upstate New York. In 1987, Bill France, Sr. stepped down as president of the company with Jim Francereplacing him.cite web |url=http://www.iscmotorsports.com/about_timeline.html |title=About ISC: Timeline |work=iscmotorsports.com |accessdate=2006-12-23] Two years later, ISC incorporated its food service company, Americrown.
By this time ISC was profitable, but most of their races were still in the South and in mostly rural areas, with many of the country's major cities like
Los Angeles, Detroit, Miamiand Chicagolacking a nearby track. ISC began looking for ways to change this in the late 1990s. Homestead-Miami Speedwaywas built in 1995 by Ralph Sanchez and Wayne Huizengaand in 1997 ISC and Penske Motorsports (owned by motorsports magnate Roger Penske) partnered with the track's owners.cite web |url=http://www.racingone.com/track.aspx?trackID=20&seriesID=1&subID=1 |title=Homestead-Miami Speedway |work=RacingOne.com |accessdate=2007-01-11 ] In 1999, the company continued its push into the country's urban centers when it merged with Penske, who at the time owned four speedways: Nazareth Speedway, North Carolina Speedway in Rockingham, North Carolina, Michigan International Speedwayand the newly-constructed Auto Club Speedway| (which opened as California Speedway). Chairman Bill France, Jr.cited the company's "attractive markets" as one of the major reasons for going ahead with the deal.cite web |url=http://www.speedcenter.com/news99/sc_n0510_99.html |title=Penske Motorsports and International Speedway Corporation to Merge |work=Speedcenter |accessdate=2007-01-09 |date=1999-05-10] The new company retained the ISC name, with Penske's son Gregory Penskejoining the board of directors. Not all of the new tracks from the Penske merger fit into the company's plans however, as Nazareth was soon closed down and Rockingham was sold. The merger also gave ISC a 90% stake in Homestead-Miami Speedway and the company soon bought out the final 10% to acquire complete control over the track.
In the same year, ISC formed the Motorsports Alliance with the owners of the historic
Indianapolis Motor Speedway; this company would go after another huge market in Chicagoby building the new Chicagoland Speedwayin nearby Joliet, Illinoisand by buying out the smaller Route 66 Racewaydragstrip. In 2007, ISC bought out its partners in the company to take control of both tracks.cite web |url=http://www.abcmoney.co.uk/news/08200720606.htm |title=International Speedway Buys Raceway |work=abcmoney.co.uk |accessdate=2007-12-12 |date=2007-02-08]
In 2001, ISC would continue its trend towards modern facilities by constructing
Kansas Speedwaynear Kansas City. In 2003, Lesa Kennedytook over from Jim France the role of president of the company.
Today, the company owns 13 active tracks which collectively hold 19 of the 36 events on the schedule of NASCAR's premier competition, the
Sprint Cup Series. cite web |url=http://www.nascar.com/races/cup/2007/data/schedule.html |title=2007 Nextel Cup Schedule |work=NASCAR.com |accessdate=2006-12-23] Twelve of the thirteen host a Sprint Cup race (the thirteenth being Route 66 Raceway, a dragstrip). In addition to the stock car racingthat NASCAR is famous for, ISC tracks also host IRL IndyCar races, Grand-Am, IMSA GT and SCCA sports carraces, WKA go-kart races and AMA motorcycle races. Besides NASCAR, other stock car series like IROC and ARCA use their tracks.
The company's other holdings include the
Motor Racing Network, a radio networkthat broadcasts NASCAR events, Americrown, a food service business that operates concession stands at its tracks, and the Daytona 500 Experience, a NASCAR-themed attraction just outside Daytona International Speedway. In 2005, ISC partnered with Speedway Motorsports, Inc.to form Motorsports Authentics, a company that markets and distributes NASCAR-related souvenirs and collectibles.cite web |url=http://www.americanventuremagazine.com/news.php?newsid=620 |title=Motorsports Authentics completes merger with Action Performance |work=American Venture Magazine |accessdate=2007-01-08 |date=2005-12-12]
Although ISC is controlled by the France family, it is separate from NASCAR. About 35% of the
stockin ISC is owned by the heirs of NASCAR founder Bill Franceand the remainder trades on the stock market.cite web |url=http://www.usnews.com/usnews/biztech/articles/041122/22nascar.htm |work=US News and World Report |accessdate=2007-01-17 |date=2004-11-22 |last=Benjamin |first=Matthew |title=Life in the Fast Lane ] Lesa Kennedyis president and Jim Franceis CEO.
ISC is still headquartered in
Daytona Beach, Floridanear Daytona International Speedway. ISC is working with the Cordish Companyto replace the current complex with a development called "Daytona Live!" which will include a movie theater, restaurants, a hotel and an office tower for NASCAR, ISC and other related companies.cite web |url=http://orlando.bizjournals.com/orlando/stories/2007/05/07/daily13.html?surround=lfn |title=ISC, Cordish to build Daytona Live |accessdate=2007-11-08 |work=Orlando Business Journal |date=2007-05-08 ]
*note label|acquired|A|ALists the year the company gained a controlling interest (>50%) in the track.
*note label|nazareth|B|BISC ceased operations at Nazareth Speedway in 2004 and the track is currently up for sale. cite web |url=http://www.truckseries.com/cgi-script/NCTS_06/articles/000061/006159.htm |title=ISC Reports Record Results in 2005 |work=TruckSeries.com |accessdate=2006-12-28 |date=2006-01-27]
*note label|rockingham|C|CISC sold North Carolina Speedway to
Speedway Motorsports, Inc.as part of a settlement in the Ferko lawsuit,cite web |url=http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2004/05/14/194764.html |title=Settlement Reached In Ferko/Vaughn Litigation, North Carolina To Be Sold |work=The Auto Channel |accessdate=2006-12-28 |date=2004-05-14] who subsequently auctioned the track to former racer Andy Hillenburg. Hillenburg renamed the track Rockingham Speedway and is planning to hold several stock car events there in an attempt to revive the track.cite web |url=http://www.roanoke.com/sports/racing/wb/134347 |title=Racing lives in Rockingham |work=Roanoke Times |accessdate=2007-12-10 |date=2007-10-03]
*note label|pikespeak|D|DISC shut down Pikes Peak International Raceway shortly after purchasing it, with NASCAR moving the track's
Busch Seriesdate to Martinsville. The track is currently for sale, although ISC has said they will not sell to anyone who would host spectator racing at the facility.cite web |url=http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/sports_columnists/article/0,1299,DRMN_83_4258072,00.html |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060207124044/http://rockymountainnews.com/drmn/sports_columnists/article/0,1299,DRMN_83_4258072,00.html |archivedate=2006-02-07 |title=Benton: Denver still might appeal to NASCAR |work=Rocky Mountain News |date=2005-11-22 |last=Benton |first=Jim ]
*note label|tucson|E|EISC sold Tucson Raceway Park to David Deery, the track's general manager, in 2002. cite web |url=http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/printDS/130720 |title=Phoenix man seeking takeover of TRP lease |work=Arizona Daily Star |accessdate=2007-01-05 |date=2006-05-25]
ISC and NASCAR have both made public their desire to have a presence in areas it sees as having the potential for growth, most notably the
Pacific Northwestand New York City. ISC has said that the earliest either of these tracks would be operating is 2011.cite web |url=http://www.scenedaily.com/stories/2006/07/03/scene_daily18.html |title=ISC now targets 2011 for New York, Northwest |accessdate=2006-12-20 |work=SceneDaily.com |date=2006-07-07 ]
). The track would have been publicly owned and leased to ISC.cite web |url=http://www.nascar.com/2005/news/headlines/cup/06/24/bc.car.nascartrack.ap/index.html |title=Washington site chosen for NASCAR racetrack |accessdate=2006-12-20 |work=NASCAR.com |date=2005-06-24 ] In November 2004, local officials and ISC announced that they could not go through with the deal, saying that the costs for that particular site would be too high.cite web |url=http://www.heraldnet.com/article/20041123/NEWS01/411230744 |title=NASCAR deal's off |accessdate=2007-12-12 |work=HeraldNet |date=2004-11-23 ]
After the deal in Marysville fell through, ISC courted another site, this time near Bremerton,
Kitsap Countyjust across Puget Soundfrom Seattle. Although like the Marysville proposal the proposal in Kitsap County will be partially funded with public money, the money will not come directly from taxes but instead from bonds funded by taxes, in a scheme similar to the one used to fund Kansas Speedway.cite web |url=http://www.kitsapsun.com/bsun/local/article/0,2403,BSUN_19088_4722036,00.html |title=Commissioners Question ISC's Speedway Deal |accessdate=2006-12-20 |work=Kitsap Sun |date=2006-05-24 |last= Dunagan |first=Christopher ] Also like the Marysville proposal, the Kitsap track would be publicly owned and leased to ISC for three races per year. ISC's current proposal was met with a lukewarm response from area lawmakers and citizens, but the company has promised to present an improved offer for early 2007.cite web |url=http://www.theolympian.com/101/story/57563.html |title=State legislators say NASCAR proposal is off track |accessdate=2006-12-27 |work=The Olympian |date=2006-05-26 ]
In March 2007, Washington state representative
Larry Seaquistcaused a minor controversy when he was quoted as saying, "These people are not the kind of people you would want living next door to you. They'd be the ones with the junky cars in the front yard and would try to slip around the law."cite web |url=http://www.nascar.com/2007/news/headlines/cup/03/05/washington.state.track/ |title=Seaquist opposes ISC track deal, not NASCAR |accessdate=2007-03-16 |work=NASCAR.com |date=2007-03-05 ] The quote was assumed to be an attack on NASCAR fans but Seaquist later claimed that it was directed at ISC.
In April 2007, this plan was also abandoned by ISC after failing to get their bill out of committee in the Washington State Legislature or to gain the full support of the Kitsap County Commissioners.cite web |url=http://www.thatsracin.com/nascar_news/story/3612.html |title=Developers drop proposal for Washington track |accessdate=2007-12-12 |work=ThatsRacin.com |date=2007-04-04 |last= Byrd |first=Jennifer ]
New York City
In 2004, ISC purchased convert|600|acre|km2|1 on
Staten Islandin New Yorkfor the construction of a 4/5 mile (1.3 km) short trackthat would hold 80,000 fans and have the New York City skyline as its backdrop.cite web |url=http://www.usatoday.com/sports/motor/nascar/2006-12-04-staten-island_x.htm |title=ISC pulls up stakes, nixes proposed Staten Island track for NASCAR |accessdate=2006-12-20 |work=USA Today |date=2006-12-04 |last=Fryer |first=Jenna ] The proposal was met with fierce resistance from many of the island's residents. At a public meeting in April 2006, police had to end the meeting early for fears of rioting and safety concerns. One report had a local councilman being put in a headlock after one particularly provoking speech (though one ISC official called it merely a "hug for the TV cameras").cite web |url=http://www.nascar.com/2006/news/headlines/cup/04/28/isc_statenisland/index.html |title=ISC: Reports of Staten Island 'riot' overblown |accessdate=2006-12-20 |work=NASCAR.com |date=2006-05-01 |last=Smith |first=Marty ] In December 2006, ISC dropped their pursuit of the project.cite web |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/05/nyregion/05nascar.html |title=Plan for Nascar Speedway Is Scrapped on Staten Island |accessdate=2006-12-20 |work=New York Times |date=2006-12-05 |last=Feuer |first=Alan ]
On February 13, 2007, the company announced that they were looking into building a track in
Colorado. The 75,000-seat track would be built on one of two locations in Adams County, just east of Denver. The company would also be looking to use the same type of combination of public and private funds for the race track as in Kansas and Washington.cite web |url=http://www.abcmoney.co.uk/news/13200722939.htm |title=Daytona Owner Considers Building Track |accessdate=2007-02-14 |work=abcmoney.co.uk |date=2007-02-13 ]
Francis Ferko, a stockholder in
Speedway Motorsports, Inc., sued NASCAR and ISC in 2002 for violating federal antitrustlaws and breach of contractfor not awarding a second Winston Cup (now Nextel Cup) series date to Texas Motor Speedway, claiming that the second race was "promised" to the SMI track by NASCAR.cite web |url=http://www.dfw.com/mld/dfw/13059399.htm |title=Fan wishes he hadn't filed suit |work=Dallas-Fort Worth Star-Telegram |accessdate=2006-12-28 |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060708031401/http://www.thatsracin.com/mld/thatsracin/13059399.htm |archivedate=2006-07-08 |last=Wilson |first=Jeff] After an attempt by NASCAR to get the case dismissed, another shareholder, Rusty Vaughn, joined the case as co-plaintiff in 2003. Although NASCAR CEO Brian Franceinitially said he was going to fight the case in the courts, in April 2004 it was announced that the case had been settled out of court with Texas getting the Cup date previously belonging to North Carolina Speedwayand, as part of the deal, agreeing to purchase North Carolina—which now had no dates at all—from ISC for $100 million. Other races on the schedule were also moved around as a result (see NASCAR Realignment).
Kentucky Speedway lawsuit
– home of NASCAR and ISC – was also rejected.cite web |url=http://news.enquirer.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20051215/NEWS0103/512150398/1062/SPT |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20051230064156/http://news.enquirer.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20051215/NEWS0103/512150398/1062/SPT |archivedate=2005-12-30 |title=First lap in trial goes to speedway |work=Cincinnati Enquirer |date=2005-12-15 |last=Crowley |first=Patrick ] ISC, for its part, said it shouldn't be involved in the case at all as it conducts no business in the state. Lawyers for Kentucky Speedway contended that the company does business online and is just as responsible for the lack of competition in granting the races as NASCAR is.cite web |url=http://sports.yahoo.com/nascar/news;_ylt=AmyP5c0GDbU.OvKlPRFdb0jov7YF?slug=ap-kentuckysuit011206&prov=ap&type=lgns |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060305063041/http://sports.yahoo.com/nascar/news;_ylt=AmyP5c0GDbU.OvKlPRFdb0jov7YF?slug=ap-kentuckysuit011206&prov=ap&type=lgns |archivedate=2006-03-05 |title=NASCAR asks judge to dismiss suit by Kentucky Speedway |work=Yahoo! Sports |date=2006-01-12 |last=McMurray |first=Jeffrey ]
Initially, Kentucky had wanted the jury to force NASCAR to grant the speedway a Sprint Cup Series event but in 2007 they changed their demand to instead force the France family to sell either NASCAR or ISC. The track is also demanding that NASCAR develop objective standards for the awarding of their race events and
damagesof $200 million. In January 2008, the court dismissed the lawsuit, saying that the plaintiffs had failed to make their case. Kentucky Speedway says they will appeal the court's decision.cite web |url=http://www.news-journalonline.com/NewsJournalOnline/Business/Headlines/bizBIZ01010808.htm |title=Judge dismisses antitrust lawsuit against NASCAR |work=Daytona Beach News-Journal |date=2008-01-07 |last=Brown |first=Thomas]
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