Mourilyan, Queensland


Mourilyan, Queensland
Mourilyan
Queensland
Mourilyan mill destruction.jpg
The Mourilyan sugar mill after Cyclone Larry
Mourilyan is located in Queensland
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Mourilyan
Population: 424[1]
Postcode: 4858
Location:
LGA: Cassowary Coast Regional Council
State District: Hinchinbrook
Federal Division: Kennedy

Mourilyan is a town in Queensland, Australia. The town is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Innisfail on the Bruce Highway. It was established around the Mourilyan sugar mill which provided much of the employment in the area until its destruction during Cyclone Larry on 20 March 2006. At the 2006 census, Mourilyan had a population of 424.[1]

Mourilyan's main attraction is the Australian Sugar Industry Museum,[2] which contains several relics from North Queensland's extensive sugar farming history. It also serves as a gateway to Mourilyan Harbour, Etty Bay and Paronella Park.

History

Construction of the Mourilyan sugar mill began in 1882, rendering it among the oldest in Australia. Excavation of the site was undertaken mainly by Kanakas, with assistance from Chinese and Anglo-Saxon labourers. After its completion in 1884, the mill had a processing capacity of 14 tonnes of sugar per 12-hour shift.[3]

In 1913, the Colonial Sugar Refining Company (now CSR) began purchasing sugar refined at the mill. Mourilyan remained a small settlement, growing only very slowly since.

Mourilyan is prone to tropical cyclones; in 1918, a cyclone caused serious damage to the mill and surrounding community, having a drastic effect on sugar production in that year. In 1986, Cyclone Winifred also caused substantial damage to the area.

Cyclone Larry caused substantial damage to many households in the area, and destroyed the town's main source of employment. A major effort by the Australian Defence Force helped restore Mourilyan Primary School to functioning capacity. Insurance payouts have helped to repair residential and commercial properties.[4]

References

External links

Coordinates: 17°34′S 146°03′E / 17.567°S 146.05°E / -17.567; 146.05


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