Taghaza


Taghaza

Infobox Settlement
name = Taghaza
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pushpin_map_caption =Location within Mali
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timezone = GMT
utc_offset = +0
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latd=23 |latm=36 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=5 |longm=00 |longs= |longEW=W
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Taghaza is an extinct town in the desert region of contemporary northern Mali. Founded in the 10th century, it was once an important salt-mining centre, visited by Ibn Batuta in 1352. Slaves quarried the salt in 200 lb. blocks, which were then transported 500 miles by camel to Timbuktu and exchanged for gold. Taghaza produced salt throughout the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries under Berber supervision. It was drawn into the Songhay Empire in the late 15th century. Because the area in and around Taghaza was unsuitable for farming, the inhabitants traded salt for gold from the secret mines of the Wangara and traded that gold with other nations for food and supplies.

After the town's destruction by the Moroccan Judar Pasha's forces in 1591, Taoudenni took its place as the region's key salt producer.

At one time the "Azalai" caravan route from Timbuktu extended through Taghaza to the lands north of the Sahara on the Mediterranean Sea. Caravans with up to 10,000 camels carried gold and slaves north, returning with manufactured goods and salt from Taghaza and Taoudenni. [de Villiers, Marq, and Seila Hirtle. (2007) " [http://nhmag.com/0707/0707_feature.html Space, Time, and Timbuktu] ". "Natural History". 116:6. July/August 2007. ISSN 0028-0712]

References

External links

* [http://www.humanities.ualberta.ca/history111/weeksept29/sept29.tut2.html Ibn Batuta on Taghaza]


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