- Islam in London
Islamis London's largest and most significant minority religion. There are an estimated 1.3 million Muslims in the Greater Londonarea, most concentrated in the East London boroughs of Newham, Tower Hamletsand Waltham Forest.
The first Muslims to settle in London were
Yemenite sailors in the 19th century. Many Muslims from the Commonwealthserved in the British armyin the First and Second World Wars. In the wave of immigrationthat followed the Second World War, many Muslims emigrated to the UK from Commonwealth countries. At first, most came from Pakistanand the Indian state of Gujarat. This initial wave of immigration was followed by migrants from Bangladesh, then called East Pakistan. Many people also arrived from various provinces of Pakistan(especially the Punjab region), as well as from Nigeria, Ghana, Kenyaand the Arab world. Today, London's Muslims come from all over the world.
Muslims in London today
Most of London's Muslims are descendants of immigrants from the
Indian subcontinent, particularly Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. There is also a considerable Muslims from Somalia(London counts the largest Somali diasporain the Western world) and Arab countries. In addition, London is home to large Turkish and Bosnian Muslim communities, both of which comprise over 30,000 members. London has the largest number of Muslim converts in the Western world. The city counts an estimated 100,000 White Britishand around 35,000 Black Caribbeanconverts. London also has a high number of restaurants that serve halalfood (around 2300).
However, there have been problems in community relations. In the East End of London, there is a lot of tension in the area around East Ham, Barking and Dagenham between Muslims and non-Muslims. The
British National Partygained their highest vote by proportion, 16.9%, in the 2005 General Election in Barking [ [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/how-the-bnp-is-gaining-ground-in-barking-with-a-campaign-of-lies-and-distortions-474853.html How the BNP is gaining ground in Barking with a campaign of lies and distortions - UK Politics, UK - The Independent ] ] and has 12 councillors on Barking & Dagenham Borough Council. [ [http://moderngov.barking-dagenham.gov.uk/mgMemberIndex.asp?FN=PARTY&VW=LIST&PIC=0&J=1 Your councillors ] ] West London has also seen some conflict between Muslims and Sikhs at sixth-form colleges. [ http://artsweb.bham.ac.uk/bmms/1995/03March95.html#Sikh/Muslim%20clash,%20Isleworth http://www.searchlightmagazine.com/index.php?link=template&story=61 ]
Although there have traditionally been more Muslim politicians in the Midlands and North England, many members of London's Muslim community are influential players in local Londonian politics.
Since most of London's Muslims have roots in South Asia, many follow the
Sunni Hanafischool of Fiqhor religious law. Sunni Muslims from the African continent mostly follow the Malikischool. Somalis, Yemenis, Malaysians and Indonesians follow the Shafi`i madhab. While roughly 98% of Arab Muslims in the London area are Sunni, there is a Shia minority from Iraq and Lebanon. Others Shi'ites also come from Iran. Arab Sunnis are either Hanbali(Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Palestine, Egypt), Hanafi (Iraq), or Maliki (Morocco, Algeria).
Ten thousands of converts to Islam in the London area follow the Sunni
Salafimadhab, which was first developed in Saudi Arabia. The Salafi school counts many young converts from British and Caribbean backgrounds, with a few coming from countries with an historically strong presence of Islam.
British Muslim population origin. Fact|date=September 2008
Pakistani - 942,000 (mostly from Punjab and Azad Kashmir the ethnic groups Punjabi, Pashtun and Kashmiri)
Bangladeshi- East Bengal - 498,000 (from Sylhet)
Indian - 455,000 (from Gujarati, West Bengal, Rajastan, Kerala, the Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Bihar)
* Asian Other - 140,000 (Australia, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Caucasian region, Maldives, Malaysia, Turkey, Turkish Kurds, Iraqi Kurds, Thailand, Iran and Indonesia)
* African Other - 258,000 (Nigeria, South Africa, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya, Burundi, Uganda, DR Congo , etc.)
*Somali - 225,000 (largest Somali diaspora)
Arab- 160,000 (Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi-Arabia, Yemen, Jordan, Algeria, Libya, Syria, Tunisia, Morocco and other Arab countries)
* Mixed - 85,000 (those of mixed race)
Eastern Europeans - 84,000 (mostly from Bosnia, Albania, Kosovo and Russia)
*English - 82,000 (close to 100% converts or children of converts)
Caribbean- 38,000 (close to 100% converts or children of converts, from all Caribbean Islands especially Jamaica, Barbados, St Lucia and Trinidad)
*Black Other - 28,000 (Black British, Black Arab, Afro-American, Black European, and Black Brazilian)
*Irish - 10,000 (100% converts or children of converts)
*Scottish - 7,000 (100% converts or children of converts)
*Welsh - 6,000 (100% converts or children of converts)
*Polish - 4,000 (100% converts or children of converts)
* Chinese - 500 to 5000 mainly (from Hong kong, and East Turkministan,)
* Others - 170,000
Local municipalities with large Muslim constituencies include: Fact|date=September 2007
Tower Hamlets- 110,200
* Brent - 64,600
Waltham Forest- 49,700
* [http://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/English/Collections/Onlineresources/RWWC/themes/1301/1188 Reassessing what we collect website – Muslim London] History of Muslim London with objects and images
* [http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=AWzm4o9ChhE Islam in London: Documentary about Brixton Mosque]
London Muslim Centre
London Central Mosque
North London Central Mosque
Islam in the United Kingdom
Islamism in London
Religion in London
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