- Languages of Vojvodina
Languages spoken in the
Serbian province of Vojvodinainclude South Slavic languages(Serbian, Croatian, Bunjevac, Šokac, Macedonian, Slovenian, Bulgarian), West Slavic languages(Slovak, Rusyn, Czech), East Slavic languages(Ukrainian, Russian), Hungarian language, Romanian language, German language, Romani language, Albanian language, Chinese language, etc.
It is unknown which languages were spoken in the territory of present-day Vojvodina in
paleolithicand neolithictimes. First speakers of Indo-European languagesarrived here in 4200 BC and since the first written traces about this region appeared, there are records about speakers of various Indo-European languages that lived in this area, including speakers of Thracian, Illyrian, Celtic, Iranian and Italic branches of Indo-European language family. The decline and fall of the Roman Empirebrought to this area speakers of Turkic and Germanic languages as well. Speakers of South Slavic languagessettled in the area in the 6th century, while speakers of Hungarian appeared in the 9th century. Ottoman conquest of the region in the 16th century brought to this area speakers of Turkish, Romani, and other languages, while Habsburg conquest in the end of the 17th and first half of the 18th century brought here the speakers of German, Slovak, Rusyn, Czech, Ukrainian and other languages. In recent years, there is an increasing number of speakers of Chinese languageas well.
2002 census data
According to the 2002 census, main languages spoken in Vojvodina were:
*Serbian: 1,557,020 (76.63%)
*Hungarian: 284,205 (13.99%)
*Slovak: 55,065 (2.71%)
*Romanian: 29,512 (1.45%)
*Romani: 21,939 (1.08%)
*Croatian: 21,053 (1.04%)
The provincial administration of Vojvodina recognises six official regional languages: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Rusyn. All of the official languages are used in the provincial government. The Serbian language is used in all municipality governments, while minority languages are used in selected municipality governments. The Serbian language with
Cyrillic scriptis in official use in all 45 municipalities of Vojvodina, while Serbian Latin scriptis in official use in only 23 of 45 municipalities. The Hungarian language is in official use in 29 municipalities, Slovak in 12, Romanian in 9, Rusyn in 6, and Croatian and Czech in 1 municipality each (however, the Czech language is not official at provincial level).
Usage in media
Radio Television of Vojvodina, the public broadcaster in the province, broadcasts programme in 10 languages: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Rusyn, Romanian, Bunjevac, Ukrainian, Romani, Croatian, and Macedonian. Certain TV shows are also translated into Sign language.
Languages of Serbia
Official status of Romanian language in Vojvodina
List of Hungarian exonyms in Vojvodina
German exonyms (Vojvodina)
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