- Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł
Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł Born 1512
Nesvizh, now Belarus
Died April 27, 1584 Resting place Dubingiai, Lithuania Religion Calvinist Spouse Katarzyna Tomicka-Iwińska Children with Katarzyna Tomicka-Iwińska:
Krzysztof "Piorun" Radziwiłł
Parents Jerzy Radziwiłł
Mikołaj Radziwiłł, nicknamed The Red (Polish Rudy, Lithuanian: Radvila Rudasis) also known as Mikołaj Radziwiłł the Sixth (1512-1584) was a Lithuanian noble (szlachcic), Palatine of Vilnius, Grand Chancellor of Lithuania and Grand Lithuanian Hetman (from 1576) in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Together with his cousin Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł and the Radziwill family were granted title and position as Reichsfürst Prince of the Holy Roman Empire.
Mikołaj Radziwiłł spent many years as a military commander. While not the most famous of Commonwealth hetmans, under king Stefan Batory he was fairly successful in defending the eastern borders of the Commonwealth against the Muscovy.
His political career was marked by his alliance with his cousin Mikolaj 'Black' Radziwiłł, with whom he opposed the other notable Lithuanian families in the rivalry for the dominant status in the Great Duchy. This alliance marked the formation of a dynastic-like cooperation between Radziwiłłs and showed how family interests could affect magnates relations with the Commonwealth.
Mikołaj Radziwiłł became an advocate of Lithuanian sovereignty and thus a vocal opponent of political union with Poland, (Union of Lublin, 1569). Unlike the other magnates he refused to sign the Act, as harmful to the interests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
He was one of the most prominent converts and advocates of the Protestant faith in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and his line of the family became devoted members and defenders of the Lithuanian Reformed Church until its extinction.
In the Holy Roman Empire, the Trąby Coat of Arms was situated in the center of a Black Eagle in a golden Shield.
Grand Chancellors of Lithuania
(Kanclerz wielki litewski)
Mikalojus Radvila · Mikołaj Radziwiłł · Olbracht Gasztołd · Jan Jurjewicz Hlebowicz · Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł · Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł · Eustachy Wołłowicz · Lew Sapieha · Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł · Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac · Marcjan Aleksander Ogiński · Dominik Mikołaj Radziwiłł · Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł · Michał Serwacy Wiśniowiecki · Jan Fryderyk Sapieha · Michał Fryderyk Czartoryski · Aleksander Michał Sapieha · Joachim Chreptowicz
Great Hetmans of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Konstanty Ostrogski · Semen Jurewicz · Stanislovas Kęsgaila · Stanisław Piotrowicz Kiszka · Konstanty Ostrogski · Jerzy Radziwiłł · Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł · Jeremi Chodkiewicz · Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł · Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Thunderbolt" Radziwiłł · Jan Karol Chodkiewicz · Lew Sapieha · Krzysztof Radziwiłł · Janusz Kiszka · Janusz Radziwiłł · Paweł Jan Sapieha · Michał Kazimierz Pac · Michał Serwacy Wiśniowiecki · Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Younger · Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Elder · Grzegorz Antoni Ogiński · Ludwik Pociej · Michał Serwacy Wiśniowiecki · Michał "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł · Michał Józef Massalski · Michał Kazimierz Ogiński · Szymon Marcin Kossakowski
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См. также в других словарях:
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Radziwiłł — in Polish, ( lt. Radvila; de. Radziwill; be. Радзівіл, Radzivił; la. Radvil) is a family of high nobility which has been powerful and important for centuries, first in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later in the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth.… … Wikipedia
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Radziwiłł family — ▪ Polish family an important Polish–Lithuanian princely family that played a significant role in Polish–Lithuanian history. Prince Mikołaj I (d. 1509) started a long line of Radziwiłł palatines of Wilno (Vilnius) when he was named to… … Universalium
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