Mount Sinai Hospital, New York


Mount Sinai Hospital, New York
Mount Sinai Hospital
MSMC.jpg
Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai Hospital, New York is located in New York City
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Geography
Location One Gustave L. Levy Place, 1190 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York, United States
Coordinates 40°47′24″N 73°57′12″W / 40.7900664°N 73.9532489°W / 40.7900664; -73.9532489Coordinates: 40°47′24″N 73°57′12″W / 40.7900664°N 73.9532489°W / 40.7900664; -73.9532489
Organization
Funding Non-profit hospital
Hospital type University, Teaching
Affiliated university Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Services
Beds 1,171
History
Founded 1852
Links
Website http://www.mountsinai.org/
Lists Hospitals in the United States

Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is one of the oldest and largest teaching hospitals in the United States. In 2011-2012, Mount Sinai Hospital was ranked as one of America's best hospitals by U.S. News & World Report in 12 specialties.[1]

Located on the eastern border of Central Park, at 100th Street and Fifth Avenue, in New York City's Manhattan, Mount Sinai has a number of hospital affiliates in the New York metropolitan area, and an additional campus, the Mount Sinai Hospital of Queens.

The hospital is also affiliated with one of the foremost centers of medical education and biomedical research, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, which opened in September 1968.[2] Together, the two comprise the Mount Sinai Medical Center.

Contents

Reputation

  • Mount Sinai Medical Center was named to U.S. News & World Report America's Best Hospitals Honor Roll, a designation reserved for only 17 of nearly 5,000 hospitals nationwide. Mount Sinai was nationally ranked in 12 of 16 specialties, including #1 in geriatrics and #5 in gastroenterology. Other honors included high rankings for cancer (#41), cardiology & heart surgery (#11), diabetes & endocrinology (#15), ear, nose & throat (#18), gynecology (#26), nephrology (#25), neurology & neurosurgery (#22), psychiatry (#18), rehabilitation (#14), and urology (#35).[3]
  • New York Magazine's inaugural "Best Hospitals" list ranked Mount Sinai Medical Center as #2 for overall best hospital, #3 for emergency care, #3 for pediatrics, #4 for ENT, #3 for psychiatry, #3 for cancer, #3 for cardiac care, #1 for digestive disorders, #5 for orthopedics, #2 for OB-GYN, and #3 for neurology/neurosurgery.[4]
  • New York Magazine’s annual “Best Doctors” issue lists 209 Mount Sinai faculty and staff, including those who serve at an affiliated institution. Excluding affiliates, the Mount Sinai Medical Center maintained its strong position in the rankings, with 135 physicians listed. Mount Sinai also ranked above peer institutions including NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell, and NYU Langone Medical Center.[5]
  • In 2010, the New York State Department of Health named Mount Sinai Hospital the safest place for a patient receiving angioplasty.[6]
  • In 2009, The Scientist magazine ranked Mount Sinai School of Medicine 15th overall in their “Best Places to Work in Academia” survey.[7]
  • In 2009, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)'s Magnet Award for Nursing Excellence was awarded to Mount Sinai – the first full-service hospital in New York City to achieve redesignation. Only six percent of hospitals in the nation have received Magnet designation, and only two percent have received redesignation.[8]
  • In 2008, Mount Sinai Medical Center received the Public & Community Service Emmy Award presented by the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (NATAS).[9]
  • In 2008, Mount Sinai was recognized for improved performance in Thomson Reuters' "100 Top Hospitals" list. The Mount Sinai Medical Center, as a major teaching hospital, was the only hospital in Manhattan, New York to be awarded this high honor.[10]
  • In 2006, the American Society for Bariatric Surgery named Mount Sinai a "Surgery Center of Excellence."[11]
  • In 2006, Mount Sinai and its advertising agency, DeVito/Verdi, took home the highest honors at the 23rd Annual Healthcare Advertising Awards. The campaign was awarded top prize in the Large Hospitals Group for three different categories: Magazine, Billboard and Radio.[12]

History

The hospital, from a postcard sent in 1920

As U.S. cities grew more crowded in the mid-19th Century, philanthropist Sampson Simson (b 1780, d 1857) founded a hospital to address the needs of New York's rapidly growing Jewish immigrant community. It was the second Jewish hospital in the United States.

The Jews' Hospital in the City of New York, as it was then called, was built on 28th Street in Manhattan, between 7th & 8th Avenues, on land donated by Simson; it opened two years before Simson's death. Four years later, it would be unexpectedly filled to capacity with soldiers from the Civil War.[13][14]

The Jews' Hospital felt the effects of the escalating Civil War in other ways, as staff doctors and board members were called in to service: Dr. Israel Moses served four years as Lieutenant Colonel in the 72nd;[15] Joseph Seligman had to resign as a member of the Board of Directors as he was increasingly called upon by President Lincoln for advice on the country's growing financial crisis.[16][17]

The Draft Riots of 1863 again strained the resources of the new hospital, as draft inequities and a shortage of qualified men increased racial tensions in New York City. As the Jews' Hospital struggled to tend to the many wounded, outside its walls over one hundred men, women and children were killed in the riots.[18]

More and more, the Jews' hospital was finding itself an integral part of the general community. In 1866, to reflect this new-found role, it changed its name. In 1872, the Hospital moved uptown to the east side of Lexington Avenue, between 66th and 67th Streets.

Now called The Mount Sinai Hospital, the institution forged relationships with many physicians who made contributions to medicine, including Henry N. Heineman, Frederick S. Mandelbaum, Charles A. Elsberg, Emanuel Libman, and, most significantly, Abraham Jacobi, known as the Father of American Pediatrics and a champion of construction at the hospital's new site on Manhattan's Upper East Side in 1904.[19]

The Hospital established a school of nursing in 1881. Created by Alma deLeon Hendricks and a small group of women, The Mount Sinai Hospital Training School for Nurses was taken over by the Hospital in 1895. In 1923 the name was changed to The Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing. This school closed in 1971 after graduating 4,700 nurses - all women except one man in the last class. An active alumnae association continues.

The early 20th century saw the population of New York City explode. That, coupled with many new discoveries at Mount Sinai (including significant advances in blood transfusions and the first endotracheal anesthesia apparatus), meant that Mount Sinai's pool of doctors and experts was in increasing demand. A $1.35 million expansion of the 1904 hospital site (equivalent to over 30 million in 2008 based on historical consumer price indexes)[20] raced to keep pace with demand. The opening of the new buildings was delayed by the advent of World War I. Mount Sinai responded to a request from the United States Army Medical Corps with the creation of Base Hospital No.3. This unit went to France in early 1918 and treated 9,127 patients with 172 deaths: 54 surgical and 118 medical, the latter due mainly to influenzal pneumonia.

Two decades later, with tensions in Europe escalating, a committee dedicated to finding placements for doctors fleeing Nazi Germany was founded in 1933. With the help of the National Committee for the Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, Mount Sinai Hospital became a new home for a large number of émigrés.

When war broke out, Mount Sinai was the first hospital to throw open its doors to Red Cross nurses' aides; the hospital trained thousands in its effort to reduce the nursing shortage in the States. Meanwhile, the President of the Medical Board, George Baehr, M.D. was called by President Roosevelt to serve as the nation's Chief Medical Director of the Office of Civilian Defense.[21]

These wartime roles would be eclipsed, however, when the men and women of Mount Sinai's Third General Hospital set sail for Casablanca, eventually setting up a 1,000 bed hospital in war-torn Tunisia. Before moving to tend to the needs of soldiers in Italy and France, the 3rd General Hospital had treated more than 5,000 wounded soldiers.[22]

Since the relative peace following World War II, Mount Sinai has welcomed the first graduating class of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (in 1970); the 1980s saw a $500 million hospital expansion, including the construction of the Guggenheim Pavilion, the first medical facility designed by I.M. Pei; and it has made significant contributions to gene therapy, cardiology, immunotherapy, organ transplants, cancer treatments and minimally invasive surgery.

"Firsts" at Mount Sinai Hospital

A significant number of diseases were first described at Mount Sinai Hospital in the last 150+ years including Brill's disease, Buerger's disease, Churg-Strauss disease, collagen disease, Crohn's disease, eosinophilic granuloma of bone, Glomus Jugulare Tumor, Libman-Sacks disease, Moschcowitz disease, and Tay-Sachs disease.[23]

Other "firsts" include:

Significant events

Date Event
1855 “The Jews’ Hospital” opens for patients on June 5.[31]
1866 To free itself of racial or religious distinction, The Jews' Hospital changes it name to “The Mount Sinai Hospital.”
1872 First women appointed to professional positions.
1886 The Eye and Ear Service is created; Dr. Josephine Walter, the first American woman to serve a formal internship, is granted a diploma.
1908 Dr. Rueben Ottenberg is the first to perform blood transfusions with routine compatibility test and to point out that blood groups are hereditary.
1919 Dr. I.C. Rubin introduces the use of peruterine insufflation of the fallopian tubes for the diagnosis and treatment of sterility in women.
1928 Dr. Moses Swick develops a method for introducing radio-opaque media into the blood stream for visualization of the urinary tract.
1932 Crohn's Disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine, is identified by Drs. Burrill Crohn, Leon Ginzburg and Gordon D. Oppenheimer.
1938 The nation’s second blood bank is created.
1955 The Jack Martin Respirator Center admits its first polio patients.
1962 Dr. Arthur Grishman receives the first medical data, a cardiogram, transmitted successfully via the telephone lines.
1963 The New York State Board of Regents grants a charter for the establishment of a school of medicine.
1968 The Graduate School of Biological Sciences admits its first students.
1974 The Adolescent Health Center is established – the first primary care program in New York designed specifically for the needs of adolescents.
1982 The Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development is created – the first such department in an American medical school.
1989 The Center for Excellence in Youth Education is established.
1992 The Department of Human Genetics is established.

Areas of concentration

Specialty Condition
Heart Cardiomyopathy, Congestive heart failure, Mitral regurgitation, Angina, Arrhythmias, Aortic aneurysm, Mitral valve prolapse, Heart Attack, Atrial fibrillation, Septal defects
Brain Epilepsy, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson's disease, Cerebral palsy, Arteriovenous malformations, Alzheimer’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Brain cancer
Organ Transplants Renal failure, Liver cirrhosis, Cystic fibrosis, Short gut syndrome, Congestive heart failure, Primary pulmonary hypertension, Laryngeal cancer,
Cancer Melanoma, Breast cancer, Lung cancer, Wilms tumor, Glioma, Colorectal cancer, Gastric cancer, Hepatoma, Esophageal cancer, Pheochromocytoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Ovarian cancer
Gastrointestinal Conditions Gastric ulcer, Irritable bowel syndrome, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, Food allergy, Spastic colon, Gallstones
Women Anorexia nervosa, Breast cancer, Heart attack, Osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, Colorectal cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Human papillomavirus, Iron-deficiency anemia
Children Obesity, Congestive heart failure, Asthma, Myocarditis, Hypothyroidism, Food allergy, Juvenile diabetes, Cushing's syndrome, Sleep apnea
Bone, Joint and Spine Tennis elbow, Anterior cruciate ligament, Torn meniscus, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Chondromalacia patella, Scoliosis, Bone fracture, Rotator cuff injury, Herniated disk, Osteoarthritis, Bunion, Spinal stenosis
Rehabilitation Medicine Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal cord injury, Stroke, Anoxic brain injury, Amputee, Fluroscopic guided spinal injection, Acupuncture, Joint replacement
Palliative Care Breast cancer, Pancreatic cancer, Lung cancer, Emphysema, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Colorectal cancer, Coma, Alzheimer’s disease, Renal failure, AIDS, Liver cirrhosis, Brain Cancer
HIV/AIDS Toxoplasmosis, Hepatitis C, Tuberculosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, Aspergillosis
Diabetes Obesity, Cardiomyopathy, Cholecystitis, Kidney failure, Diabetic foot ulcer, Coma, Atherosclerosis, Enuresis, Gangrene

Noteworthy individuals

Famous patients

Famous benefactors

  • Leon Black donated $10 million to create the Black Family Stem Cell Institute.[51]
  • Carl Icahn donated $25 million to Mount Sinai Medical Center for advanced medical research; a large building primarily devoted to research was renamed from the "East Building" to the "Icahn Medical Institute."[52]
  • Frederick Klingenstein and wife Sharon Klingenstein donated $75 million, the largest single gift in the history of Mount Sinai, to establish an institute for scientific research and create a scholarship fund.[53]
  • Henry Kravis and wife Marie-Josée Kravis donated $15 million to establish the "Center for Cardiovascular Health" as well as funding a professorship.
  • Derald Ruttenberg donated $7 million to establish the Ruttenberg Cancer Center at Mount Sinai and later contributed $8 million more.[54]
  • Martha Stewart donated $5 million to start the Martha Stewart Center for Living at Mount Sinai Hospital. The center promotes access to medical care and offers support to caregivers needing referrals or education.[55]
  • James Tisch and wife Merryl Tisch donated $40 million to establish The Tisch Cancer Institute, a state-of-the-art, patient-oriented comprehensive cancer care and research facility.[56]
  • Hermann Merkin gave $2 million in dedication of the kosher kitchen at the hospital.

Famous staff

  • Jacob M. Appel, bioethicist and liberal commentator[57]
  • Burrill Bernard Crohn, an American gastroenterologist and one of the first to describe the disease of which he is the namesake, Crohn's disease
  • Irving B. Goldman, first president of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 1964
  • Michael Heidelberger, American immunologist who is regarded as the father of modern immunology
  • Abraham Jacobi, pediatrician and president of the American Medical Association
  • Isidor Clinton Rubin, a gynecologist and infertility specialist
  • Jonas Salk, inventor of the polio vaccine, worked as a staff physician at Mount Sinai after medical school[58]

Further reading

References

  1. ^ U.S. News & World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2011-12 retrieved on July 19, 2011.
  2. ^ Mount Sinai School of Medicine: History retrieved on April 28, 2010.
  3. ^ U.S. News and World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2011-2012 Mount Sinai Medical Center retrieved July 19, 2011
  4. ^ New York Magazine: Best Hospitals 2006
  5. ^ New York Magazine: Best Doctors 2011
  6. ^ The Mount Sinai Hospital Earns Highest Ratings In New York State Report on Coronary Angioplasty
  7. ^ The Scientist: Best Places to Work 2009
  8. ^ Mount Sinai Hospital Celebrates Redesignation of American Nurses Credentialing Center's Prestigious Magnet Award
  9. ^ Academy honors Mount Sinai Medical Center with Humanitarian Award retrieved March 12, 2010
  10. ^ Thomson Reuters
  11. ^ Mount Sinai Medical Center Named Bariatric Surgery Center of Excellence
  12. ^ "Three Award Shows Honor DeVito/Verdi for Its Mount Sinai Hospital Advertising; Ad Agency Picks Up Precious Metals at Industry Creative Competitions" retrieved June 18, 2009
  13. ^ a b c This House of Noble Deeds, Mount Sinai Hospital, 1852 - 2002, Arthur H. Aufses, Jr. and Barbara J. Niss, New York University Press
  14. ^ Mount Sinai: Mount Sinai Hospital: History
  15. ^ The Chattanooga Civil War Round Table
  16. ^ The Civil War Dictionary
  17. ^ From Pack Peddler to International Banker: The Life and Times of Joseph Seligman
  18. ^ Answers.com – New York Draft Riots
  19. ^ FAQs.org – Abraham Jacobi Biography
  20. ^ Measuringworth.com
  21. ^ American Journal of Public Health, June 1943
  22. ^ Veterans' History Project: Interview with Isabelle Cook
  23. ^ a b c d Mount Sinai Firsts retrieved on April 26, 2010
  24. ^ New York Sun - Martha Stewart Center for Living Does a Mother Proud retrieved on April 24, 2008
  25. ^ TheScientist.com - Mount Sinai School of Medicine Serving Science and Society retrieved on April 24, 2008
  26. ^ New York Times - First Liver Transplant in New York Performed retrieved on April 24, 2008
  27. ^ American Society of Clinical Oncology retrieved on April 24, 2008
  28. ^ AllBusiness.com - An Interview with Dr. Edwin Kilbourne retrieved on April 24, 2008
  29. ^ Daily News - Jaw-Droppin' Op a Success Retrieved April 26, 2010
  30. ^ New York Times "Cardiogram Data Transmitted Here From West Coast"
  31. ^ Jews of New York retrieved April 24, 2008.
  32. ^ Diario Libre Article
  33. ^ BBC News Article
  34. ^ Ann Bancroft and Mel Brooks Marriage Profile
  35. ^ Chessville.com Retrieved August 11, 2008
  36. ^ New York Times: Plácido Domingo Is Released After Surgery
  37. ^ Pettinger, Peter. "How My Heart Sings"
  38. ^ New York Times: Mayor Undergoes Cancer Treatment
  39. ^ New York Times: Lionel Hampton is Dead at 94 Retrieved August 11, 2008
  40. ^ New York Times: Senator Lautenberg Learns He Has Cancer
  41. ^ Al Lewis Biography at TV.com
  42. ^ CNN
  43. ^ Patient.co.uk: Libman-Sacks Endocarditis Retrieved 2008-08-11
  44. ^ Pulitzer Prize Winner Norman Mailer Dies - Tributes, Norman Mailer : People.com
  45. ^ New York Times: Harpo Marx is Dead at 70 Retrieved August 11, 2008
  46. ^ People.com: Gwyneth Paltrow Has a Boy - Birth, Chris Martin, Gwyneth Paltrow
  47. ^ New York Times: Paterson Undergoes Eye Surgery for Glaucoma
  48. ^ New York Times: U.N. Chief Has Heart Surgery
  49. ^ E! Online: Ben Stiller: The Hand-Break Kid
  50. ^ Liv Tyler Biography on RottenTomatoes
  51. ^ Mount Sinai School of Medicine establishes Stem Cell Institute
  52. ^ New York Times: Mount Sinai Gets $25 Million Gift
  53. ^ New York Times: Financier Gives $75 Million To Mt. Sinai Medical School
  54. ^ New York Times: Derald H. Ruttenberg, 88, Quiet Deal Maker, Dies
  55. ^ USA TODAY: Senate panel calls on Martha Stewart
  56. ^ Mount Sinai: Dean's Quarterly
  57. ^ "Diversity in Suspense," The American Spectator, July 9, 2009
  58. ^ Jonas Salk Biography on Answers.com

External links


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