- Battle of Dragashani
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Dragashani
Greek War of Independence
caption= "The Sacred Band fights in Dragatsani", by
Peter von Hess, Benaki Museum, Athens- Greece
June 19, 1821
casualties2=The Battle of Dragashani (or Battle of Dragasani, Battle of Drăgăşani) was fought on
June 19, 1821in Drăgăşani, Wallachia, between the Ottoman forces of Sultan Mahmud IIand the Greek Filiki Etaireiainsurgents. It was a prelude to the Greek War of Independence.
Alexander Ypsilantis and the Etaireia had carried out an invasion of the Ottoman-dominated
Danubian Principalitiesof the Ottoman Empire, which coincided with an uprising in Wallachia. Ypsilantis, a general in the Russian Armyand aide-de-campto TsarAlexander I, had hoped that his actions would cause the Russian Empireto intervene on his behalf, but the Emperor, a leading proponent of the Concert of Europe, disavowed any relation with him and effectively gave the Ottomans the "green light" to march into the Principalities to deal with the insurrection. At the same time, Ypsilantis clashed with the Wallachian Pandur leader Tudor Vladimirescu, who was ultimately executed by the Etaireia and its remaining Wallachian supporters, leaving the Wallachian rebel troops to withdraw from the conflict.
At the village of
Drăgăşanihe, the "Sacred Band" (a volunteer unit mostly made up of young Greek students from both upper and middle classes led by Nikolaos Skoufas) was ultimately defeated by the Ottomans. [Miller, p. 68.]
Despite its failure, the revolution in the Danubian provinces helped inspire the uprising in the
Peloponnesein March, from which the Greek Independence War officially began. [Goldstein, p. 20.] Another aspect of the battle's aftermath entailed Alexander Ypsilantis' retreat to the Austrian-ruled area of Transylvania, after having written a forged letter to his troops stating that he was summoned by Francis I, the Emperor of Austria, to discuss military operations against the Ottomans on the Austrian frontier. [Miller, p. 68.]
*Goldstein, Erik. "Wars and Peace Treaties 1816-1991". Routledge, 1992.
*Miller, William. "The Ottoman Empire and Its Successors, 1801-1927". Routledge, 1966.
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