Henry Oldenburg


Henry Oldenburg

Henry Oldenburg (c. 1619 - September, 1677) worked as a diplomat and a natural philosopher. Born in Bremen, Germany, he trained in theology and received his degree on 2 November 1639. He became a tutor before settling in England during the English interregnum, where he forged a strong relationship with his lifelong patron Robert Boyle. After the Restoration he became an early member ("original fellow") of the Royal Society (founded in 1660), and served as its first secretary, maintaining an extensive network of scientific contacts through Europe. He also became the founding editor of the "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society". Oldenburg began the practice of sending submitted manuscripts to experts who could judge their quality before publication. This was the beginning of both the modern scientific journal and the practice of peer review. [http://books.nap.edu/readingroom/books/obas/contents/publication.html] .

"Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society" continues today and is the longest running scientific journal in the world.

Oldenburg enjoyed good health in his lifetime, but he fell seriously ill on 3 September 1677, and he died two days thereafter at his Pall Mall, London home. He was interred on 7 September at St Mary the Virgin, Bexley. His widow died ten days later.

Further reading

* Marie Boas Hall, "Henry Oldenburg; Shaping the Royal Society", Oxford University Press, 2002.
*Jean-Pierre Vittu, "Henry Oldenburg 'Grand intermédiaire'", in "Les grands intermédiaires culturels de la République des Lettres", pub. by Christiane Berkvens-Stevelinck, Hans Bots and Jens Häseler, Paris, Honoré Champion, 2005, pp. 184-209
* [http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/DServe/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Show.tcl&dsqDb=Persons&dsqPos=28&dsqSearch=((text)='oldenburg') Archival record of Oldenburg at the Royal Society ]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry Oldenburg — (auch: Oldenbourg) (* um 1618 in Bremen; † 5. September 1677 in Charlton) war ein Diplomat und Naturphilosoph. Er war als langjähriger Sekretär der Royal Society in London eine zentrale Figur im Wissenschaftsbetrieb des 17. Jahrhunderts …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Oldenburg — (v. 1618 à Brême 1677 à Londres) est un diplomate et homme de science d origine allemande, devenu premier secrétaire de la Royal Society et connu pour avoir établi un vaste réseau de coopération et d échanges entre savants européens au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Oldenbourg — Henry Oldenburg Henry Oldenburg (auch: Oldenbourg) (* um 1618 in Bremen; † 1677 in Charlton) war ein Diplomat und Naturphilosoph. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg — ist der Name folgender geographischer Objekte: Landschaften und Territorien: Oldenburg (Land), ehemaliges Land (Grafschaft, Herzogtum, Großherzogtum, Freistaat Oldenburg) Samtamt Oldenburg, ehemaliges vom Fürstbistum Paderborn und der Grafschaft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg (disambiguation) — Oldenburg may refer to: Oldenburg, city in the German state of Lower Saxony Oldenburg (Holstein), city in the German state Holstein (at the Baltic Sea) Oldenburg (Pomerania), part of Züssow in Ostvorpommern Oldenburg (district), a district in… …   Wikipedia

  • Oldenburg — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le terme Oldenburg peut se référer à : Henry Oldenburg (v.1618 1677), le diplomate d origine allemand Claes Oldenburg (1929 ), l artiste new yorkais… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oldenburg — • A grand duchy, one of the twenty six federated states of the German Empire. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Oldenburg     Oldenburg      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Henry of Badewide — or Badwide ( de. Heinrich von Badewide; died ca. 1164) was a Saxon Count of Botwide (after 1149) and Count of Ratzeburg (after 1156).Henry came from a knightly family from Lüneburg. He took his name from Bode near Ebstorf. He married a relative… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Simmons — im Januar 2008 Henry Simmons (* 1. Juli 1970 in Stamford, Connecticut; gebürtig Henry Oswald Simmons junior) ist ein US amerikanischer Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Hamilton Beamish — (* 2. Juni 1873 in Großbritannien; † 27. März 1948 Südrhodesien) war ein führender Antisemit Großbritanniens, der als der Hauptpropagator des Madagaskarplans betrachtet werden kann[1] und als Gründer der faschistoiden Bewegung The Britons. Frühe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.