Uzbekistani som


Uzbekistani som

:"For earlier currencies used in Uzbekistan, see Bukharan tenga, Kokand tenga and Khwarazmi tenga."

Infobox Currency
currency_name_in_local = O‘zbek so‘m / Ўзбек сўм uz icon
image_1 = 25Som.jpg
image_title_1 = 25 som
iso_code = UZS
using_countries = Uzbekistan
inflation_rate = 7.6%
inflation_source_date = " [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2092.html The World Factbook] ", 2006 est.
subunit_ratio_1 = 1/100
subunit_name_1 = tiyin
plural = som
plural_subunit_1 = tiyin
used_coins = 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 som
used_banknotes = 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 som
issuing_authority = Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan
issuing_authority_website = www.cbu.uz

The som ( _uz. so‘m in Latin script, сўм in Cyrillic script) is the currency of Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The ISO 4217 currency code is UZS.

Etymology

In the Soviet Union, speakers of Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek called the ruble the "som", and this name appeared written on the back of banknotes, among the texts for the value of the bill in all 15 official languages of the Union. The word "som" (sometimes transliterated "sum" or "soum") means "pure" in Kyrgyz, Uyghur and Uzbek, as well as in many other Turkic languages. The word implies "pure gold"

First Som

Like other republics of the former Soviet Union, Uzbekistan continued using Soviet/Russian ruble after independence. On July 26, 1993, a new series of Russian ruble was issued and old Soviet/Russian ruble ceased to be legal tender in Russia [http://www.globalfinancialdata.com/index.php3?action=showghoc&country_name=Russia The Global History of Currencies - Russia] ] [http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/erc/economics/trade_reports/1993/Uzbekistan.html Uzbekistan Economic Policy and Trade Practices] ] . Some successor states had their national currencies before the change, some chose to continue using the pre-1993 Soviet/Russian ruble, and some chose to use both the pre-1993 and the new Russian ruble. "Tables of modern monetary history: Asia"numis cite TMMH|region=asia] implies that both old and new rubles were used in Uzbekistan.

Uzbekistan replaced the ruble with som at par in on November 15, 1993 . No subdivisions of this som were issued and only banknotes were produced, in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, and 10000 som. Because it was meant to be a transitional currency, the design was rather simplistic. All notes had the Coat of arms on obverse, and an Islamic architecture on reverse. They only differ in color and value.

econd Som

On July 1, 1994, a second som was introduced at a rate of 1 new som = 1000 old som. This som is subdivided into 100 "tiyin". At its introduction, 1 U.S. dollar was equal to 25 som.

Coins

2 series of coins have been issued for the second som. They can be easily distinguished by the script used for Uzbek. The first series was written in Cyrillic script, while the second series is written in Latin script.

ee also

*Economy of Uzbekistan
*Kyrgyzstani som

References

*numis cite SCWC | date=2004
*numis cite SCWPM | date=2005

External links

Standard numismatics external links
world_coin_gallery_1_url = Uzbek
world_coin_gallery_1_name = Uzbekistan
banknote_world_1_url = uzbekistan
banknote_world_1_name = Uzbekistan
dollarization_1_url = asia
dollarization_1_name = Asia
gfd_1_url = Uzbekistan
gfd_1_name = Uzbekistan
gfd_data_1_url =
gfd_data_1_name =
show_gfd_excel = Y

* [http://coins.russian.ru/indexe.htm Coins of former Soviet republics]


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