Plaxton Paramount


Plaxton Paramount

The Plaxton Paramount was a design of coach bodywork built by Plaxton between 1982 and 1991. In its more common single-deck form, it replaced the Supreme V and Viewmaster IV, and was replaced by the Premiere and Excalibur in 1991.

Design

The Paramount had squarer lines than its predecessor the Supreme, with square-cornered side windows including a small "feature window" just behind the front wheelarch. Forward of this, the window line sloped downwards to meet the deeper windscreen.

Initially the Paramount was available in single-deck form only, in two heights, the Paramount 3200 (initially available in 8, 10, 11 and 12-metre lengths) and the high-floor Paramount 3500 (available in 11 and 12-metre lengths, although only three eleven-metre 3500s were built). The figures 3200 and 3500 refer to the height in millimetres.

Around 30% of Mark I Paramounts were the 3500 high-floor option, a figure which rose to 34% of Paramount IIs and 55% of Paramount IIIs. The proportion of 12m vehicles also climbed steadily, from 66% of Paramount Is, 74% of Paramount IIs, to 91% of Paramount IIIs being of the then maximum permitted length.

In 1984 the design was adapted to create the Paramount 4000 double-decker coach, initially built on Neoplan underframes, and later also on Scania and DAF chassis. A further addition to the range in 1985 was the Paramount 4000RS, on mid-engined Volvo B10MT chassis. This was a 1½-deck version of the 4000, with a small lower deck saloon at the rear.

The Paramount II, the first update to the original single-deck design, incorporated only minor visual changes, but some important options were introduced, most notably bonded glazing. A low driving position option was also made available, which had already appeared on some Paramount I bodies on Quest 80 chassis.

Bonded glazing became standard on the Paramount III, which also introduced some more obvious changes to the design, notably the replacement of the small and sloping "feature windows" with a pentagonal one immediately behind the cab or door. Changes to the front end consisted of a new grille and bumper, and changes to the shape and angle of the windscreen.

A variant of the Plaxton Paramount III 3500 built to National Express specification on Volvo B10M chassis was named Expressliner. It was fitted with a windowless, moulded plastic rear end featuring an embossed National Express double-N logo. The rear end could be replaced by a standard Paramount rear end when the coach was no longer used for National Express services.

Chassis

The Paramount was built on numerous different chassis. Here they are listed in approximate decreasing order of number bodied.

Paramount 3200 and 3500

*Volvo B10M
*Leyland Tiger
*Bedford Y-Series
*DAF MB
*DAF SB
*Dennis Javelin
*Scania K-series
*Ford R-Series
*Leyland Royal Tiger
*Leyland Leopard
*Dennis Dorchester
*Mercedes-Benz O303
*Quest 80 VM
*Volvo B58
*Bedford VAS
*Ward Dalesman
*ACE Puma

Paramount 4000

*Auwärter (Neoplan) N722
*DAF SBR3000
*Volvo B10M/B10MT
*Scania K112, K113

Body numbering

From the 1982 to 1988 build seasons, Plaxton's body numbering system used three character codes to identify the body style. The following codes were used for the Paramount:

*P1C Paramount I 3200
*P1X Paramount I 3200 Express
*H1C Paramount I 3500
*H1X Paramount I 3500 Express
*P2C Paramount II 3200
*P2X Paramount II 3200 Express
*H2C Paramount II 3500
*H2X Paramount II 3500 Express
*P3C Paramount III 3200
*P3X Paramount III 3200 Express
*H3C Paramount III 3500
*D1C Paramount 4000
*D2C Paramount II 4000 or 4000RS

Examples of H1X, H2X and P3X are rare.

Since the 1989 build season, Plaxton's body numbering system has used a letter to identify the body style. The following letters were used for the Paramount III:

*A Paramount III 3200
*B Paramount III 3500
*C Paramount 4000
*D Paramount 4000RS


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plaxton — Infobox Company company name = Plaxton Limited company company type = Private company slogan = foundation = 1907 location = flagicon|UK Eastfield, Scarborough, England, UK key people = num employees = industry = Automotive products = Bus and… …   Wikipedia

  • Plaxton Expressliner — The name Plaxton Expressliner or National Expressliner can refer to one of three designs of coach built by Plaxton for National Express use: The original Expressliner was a Plaxton Paramount III 3500 to National Express specification, easily… …   Wikipedia

  • Plaxton Supreme — IV auf Leyland Leopard Fahrgestell Der Name Plaxton Supreme bezeichnet einen Omnibusaufbau des britischen Herstellers Plaxton in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England. Ab 1974 löste das Modell den Vorgänger Panorama auf kleineren Fahrgestellen ab, ab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Plaxton Premiere — The Plaxton Premiere, Plaxton Excalibur and Plaxton Prima were closely related designs of coach bodywork built by Plaxton.The Premiere and Excalibur were introduced in 1991 as replacements for the Paramount. The Premiere was the mainstream design …   Wikipedia

  • Plaxton Supreme — The Plaxton Supreme was a design of coach bodywork built by Plaxton. It was first built, on small chassis only, in 1974, replacing the Panorama. On full sized chassis, it replaced the Elite in 1975, and was superseded by the Paramount in 1982 3.… …   Wikipedia

  • Plaxton Derwent 3000 — The Plaxton Derwent 3000 was a bus body built by Plaxton. It was introduced in 1986, and is not related to the earlier Plaxton Derwent body which was built between 1962 and 1977.Around 250 were built, almost four times as many as its predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Blue Bus of Bolton — Blue Bus and Coach Services Ltd was one of the large independent bus companies serving the area of Greater Manchester. The company operated within the area covered by the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive, a public body responsible …   Wikipedia

  • Southern Vectis bus fleet — Southern Vectis have a total of 93 buses in their fleet used for regular services. These include single deck buses, double deck buses, open top buses, and coaches, normally used for school routes or driver training. Including ancillary and other… …   Wikipedia

  • East Yorkshire Motor Services — (EYMS) operates a fleet of approximately 350 buses and coaches throughout Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, the North Yorkshire coast and the North York Moors. The company also operates buses and coaches in Manchester under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Emsworth & District — founded in 1977 is an independent bus operator in Hampshire and Sussex, owned by Paul and Marion Lea and their daughter Caren. Despite its name, its buses are most likely to be seen in Havant, the town neighbouring Emsworth.They operate many… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.