Government of Uruguay
key_people= Matías Campiani (General Manager)
hubs=Carrasco Int'l Airport
focus_cities=Punta del Este Airport
PLUNA Líneas Aéreas Uruguayas S.A. ("Primeras L"íneas" U"ruguayas" "de" N"avegación" A"érea) is
Uruguay's national airlineand is based in Montevideo. It operates scheduled services within South Americaand to Spain, as well as unscheduled cargo and charter services. Its main base is Carrasco International Airport, Montevideo.cite news | title= Directory: World Airlines | work= Flight International| page= 64 | date= 2007-04-10]
The airline was established in September 1936 and started operations on
November 20, 1936. It was formed by the brothers Jorge Márquez Vaesa and Alberto Márquez Vaesa, who had obtained the necessary financial and technical support through the ambassador of the United Kingdomto Uruguayat the time, Sir Eugen Millington-Drake. The airline flew two De Havilland5-passenger Dragonfly aircraft, from Montevideoto Saltoand Paysandú. [http://www.pluna.aero/english/historia.asp PLUNA's history] ] The two planes were baptized "Churrinche" and "San Alberto", the latter in honor of the brothers' father. PLUNA flew 2,600 passengers in their first fiscal year, a huge success for that era. It also flew 20,000 pieces of mail and 70,000 newspapers.
The 1940s saw PLUNA's expansion into the international field, with the airline's first regular service to
Brazilin December, 1947, which linked the cities of Montevideoand Punta del Estewith Porto Alegre, Brazil. This route was later extended to include São Paulo as well. Also added to PLUNA's network were Santa Cruz in Bolivia, as well as the Argentine destinations of Buenos Aires, Rosario and Córdoba. The airline was nationalised in 1951.
PLUNA's growth slowed considerably for the next three decades, but it entered the
jet agesoon after jets were introduced to the world, and added John F. Kennedy International Airportin New York, and Miami, Floridato its destinations, using Boeing 707and Boeing 737aircraft.
In the 1980s, PLUNA began flying to
Madrid, Asunción, Rio de Janeiroand Santiago de Chile, but services to JFK and Miami were suspended. The city of Punta del Este, in Uruguay's southeast, flourished as a major tourist destination, and PLUNA benefited from that. During this time, an office was also opened in Tel Aviv, Israel.
The 1990s saw financial trouble loom for PLUNA, and in 1994 the government sold a 49% stake to a
Varig-led consortium. Many people know the company as PLUNA-Varig. Nevertheless, PLUNA remains active with over 40 weekly flights from Montevideo's Carrasco International Airport, using Boeing 737, Boeing 757and Boeing 767equipment.
Ownership of the airline until June 2005 comprised the Government of Uruguay (48%),
Varig(49%), Victor Mesa (2%) and PLUNA's employees (1%). When Varigentered Chapter 11 bankruptcyprotection on June 11, 2005, it sought a bidder for its 49% stake in PLUNA. For almost a year, it looked as if it might go to Venezuela's state-run Conviasa, but the deal officially fell through in July 2006. In September 2006, the Uruguayan Government bought 98% of PLUNA, reducing VARIG's share to just 2%. In January 4, 2007, the Government of Uruguay started negotiations to sell 75% of it shares to a private investors consortium from Germany, United States, Uruguayand Argentinacalled Leadgate Investment, that will invest US$177 million in the company. [http://www.mercopress.com/vernoticia.do?id=9586&formato=HTML Ambitious project to recover Uruguay's flag carrier] ]
On October 30, 2007, PLUNA presented its new
corporate image, developed by Australiandesign company Cato Partners. This new image is based on the interpretation of the name "Uruguay" as meaning "river of the painted birds". [http://www.espectador.com/1v4_contenido.php?id=107959 PLUNA presenta nueva imagen y planes para la próxima temporada] ] Among other things, this change was motivated by the company's intention to distance itself from Varig's corporate image and to project a new, more youthful, warmer and sympathetic personality.
During 2008 the first five of the brand new CRJ900 have arrived and are now flying for Pluna. This has led to an expansion of service to new destinations.
The full list of destinations (from Montevideo) is now, Punta del Este, Buenos Aires (both Aeroparque and Ezeiza), Rosario, Cordoba, Santiago de Chile, Asuncion, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Curitiba. Though Pluna has suspended its service to Madrid it code shares with Iberia on the route and also with American Airlines to Miami.
[http://www.espectador.com/1v4_contenido.php?id=108039 PLUNA renueva su imagen e incorpora destinos] ]
The fleet currently consists of (as of
3 October 2008): [http://www.ch-aviation.ch/aircraft.php?search=set&airline=PU&al_op=1] [http://www.flypluna.com/seccion/3/Nuestra_Flota.html PLUNA's fleet] ]
Incidents and accidents
As of September 2008, PLUNA has had no accidents or incidents in its 70 year history.
* [http://www.flypluna.com Company website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pluna — IATA Code … Deutsch Wikipedia
PLUNA — PLUNA … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pluna — Lineas Aereas Uruguayas (code AITA : PU, code OACI : PUA) est une compagnie aérienne de l Uruguay, créée en 1936 sous le nom de Primeras Líneas Uruguayas de Navegación Aérea (d où l acronyme PLUNA). Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Flotte … Wikipédia en Français
PLUNA — es una aerolínea uruguaya, cuyo nombre oficial es Pluna Líneas Aereas Uruguayas. Su designación de IATA es PU. Fue creada en 1936 con el nombre de Primeras Líneas Uruguayas de Navegación Aérea (PLUNA). Ha sido adquirida por la aerolínea brasileña … Enciclopedia Universal
Pluna Líneas Aéreas Uruguayas — PLUNA 220px IATA PU OACI PUA Indicativo PLUNA Fundación 20 de no … Wikipedia Español
PLUNA destinations — PLUNA flies to the following destinations as of September 2008. PLUNA is Uruguay s national airline.Domestic*flagicon|Uruguay Uruguay **Montevideo (Carrasco International Airport) main hub **Punta del Este (Capitan Corbeta CA Curbelo… … Wikipedia
plunder — plunÂ·der || plÊŒndÉ™(r) n. loot, spoils; pillaging, stealing; robbing; embezzlement, fraud v. steal, rob, pillage; embezzle, defraud … English contemporary dictionary
plunderer — plunÂ·derÂ·er || plÊŒndrÉ™(r) n. thief, one who steals; embezzler, one who commits fraud … English contemporary dictionary
plunderers — plunÂ·derÂ·er || plÊŒndrÉ™(r) n. thief, one who steals; embezzler, one who commits fraud … English contemporary dictionary
plundering — plunÂ·der || plÊŒndÉ™(r) n. loot, spoils; pillaging, stealing; robbing; embezzlement, fraud v. steal, rob, pillage; embezzle, defraud … English contemporary dictionary