Emil Maurice

Emil Maurice

Emil Maurice (January 19, 1897, Westermoor – February 6, 1972,Munich ) was an early member of the Nazi Party. A watchmaker, he was a close associate of Adolf Hitler with a personal friendship dating back to at least 1919. With the founding of the "Sturmabteilung" in 1920, Maurice became the first "Oberster SA-Führer" (Supreme SA Leader).

In 1923, Maurice also became the SA commander of the newly established "Stabswache" which was a special SA company tasked to guard Adolf Hitler at Nazi parties and rallies.

In 1925, two years after the failed Beer Hall Putsch, Emil Maurice and Adolf Hitler refounded the Stabswache as the "Stosstrupp Adolf Hitler" which was renamed, later that year, as the "Schutzstaffel" (SS). At that time, Hitler became SS Member nr. 1 and Emil Maurice became SS Member nr. 2. Maurice became an "SS-Führer" in the new organization, although the leadership of the SS was assumed by Julius Schreck, the first "Reichsführer-SS".

He reportedly had a brief relationship with Geli Raubal, Hitler's niece.

When the SS was reorganized and began to expand in 1932, Maurice became a senior SS officer and would eventually be promoted to the rank "SS-Oberführer". While Maurice never became a top commander of the SS his status as SS Member #2 effectively credited him as the actual founder of the organization. Heinrich Himmler, who ultimately would become the most recognized leader of the SS, held SS Member #168.

Maurice's stagnant SS career, after Himmler had become Reichsführer-SS, has led historians to uncover evidence that Himmler suspected Maurice as being part Jewish. Himmler had lobbied for Emil Maurice to be removed from the SS, although Hitler never approved this due to Maurice's early membership in the Schutzstaffel.

External links

* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERmaurice.htm Article on Emil Maurice (Spartacus Educational)]
* [http://www.ezania.net/library/articles/hitlersjews/ Extended book review "Hitler's Jewish Soldiers" by Jewish historian Brian Mark Rigg]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emil Maurice — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emil Maurice. Emil Maurice (n. 19 de enero de 1897 en Westermoor † 6 de febrero de 1972) fue uno de los responsables por la fundación, el 5 de enero …   Wikipedia Español

  • Emil Maurice — Emil Maurice, Aufnahme aus dem Bundesarchiv Emil Maurice (* 19. Januar 1897 in Westermoor; † 6. Februar 1972 in München) war Chauffeur, Duzfreund und früher politischer Begleiter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emil Maurice — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Maurice.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Emile Maurice. Emil Maurice : (Westermoor (Schleswig Holstein), le 19 janvier 1897 – Munich, le 6  février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice — is a given name used as a name or surname. It originates as a French name derived from the Roman Mauritius and was subsequently used in English speaking countries as well. It is of Latin origin, meaning dark skinned, Moorish , and might refer to …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice — ist: Maurice (Vorname), ein männlicher Vorname Maurice (Roman), ein Roman von E. M. Forster Maurice (Film), ein Film nach diesem Roman Saint Maurice VS ein Ort im schweizerischen Wallis Abtei Saint Maurice, ein in Saint Maurice gelegenes Kloster… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Maurice, Saint Maurice et Morris. Maurice est un nom propre qui peut désigner  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Eden Paul — Maurice Eden Paul, most commonly known simply as Eden Paul (1865, Sturminster Marshall, Dorset – 1 December 1944) was a socialist physician, writer and translator.[1] Contents 1 Biography 2 Later years 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice Utrillo — Lithographie par Suzanne Valadon Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Maeterlinck — Born Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard 29 August 1862(1862 08 29) Ghent, Belgium Died 6 May 1949( …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice Valadon — Maurice Utrillo Cet article fait partie de la série Peinture Liste des peintres Portail de la Peinture Maurice Utrillo, né Maurice Valadon (26 décembre 1883 5 novembre …   Wikipédia en Français