- Chinese Mars exploration program
Little is known of the Chinese Mars exploration program. While the Moon is the first priority, there are plans for Martian exploration that follow upon the work done in the
Chinese Lunar Exploration Program. China has been studying the necessity and feasibility of Mars exploration since early 1990s as part of the national "863 Planetary Exploration" project, according to Liu Zhenxing, a researcher from the CAS Center for Space Science and Applied Research(CSSAR).
The overall plan could have four phases:
*Phase 1 (up to 2009) includes all the preparations before the first mission. This includes international cooperation, definition of exploration goals and projects, and key technologies.
*Phase 2 (after 2009) includes orbiter missions that probe the Martian environment, preparing for future soft-landing missions on Mars.
*Phase 3 would launch spacecraft to land on the red planet, including rovers.
*Phase 4 would establish surface observation stations, develop shuttle vehicles between Earth and Mars, and build bases that robot astronauts would attend to. The work in this phase would create a foundation for future human flights to Mars and human-tended observing outpost.
Name = Yinghuo-1
萤火一号 Mars-1 or Firefly-1
Organization = CNSA
Mission_Type = Orbiter
Launch = October 2009
Mission_Duration = 1 year in Mars orbit
Mass = 110 kg
Inclination = 5°
Orbital_Period = 3 days
Apoapsis = 800 km
Periapsis = 80,000 km
March 26, 2007, the director of the China National Space Administration, Sun Laiyan, and the head of the Russian Space Agency, Anatoly Perminovsigned the "Cooperative Agreement between the China National Space Administration and the Russian Space Agency on joint Chinese-Russian exploration of Mars". This include the launch of a Mars probe named Yinghuo-1(萤火一号 or "Mars-1", "Firefly-1") scheduled for October 2009. The probe will be 75 cm long, 75 cm wide and 60 cm high. Weighing 110 kg, it is designed for a two-year mission, according to Chen Changya, a researcher at the Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering.
Chinese Yinghuo-1 and Russian
Phobos-Gruntwill be sent together to Mars by a Russian Zenit rocketwith a Fregatupper stage from Baikonur Cosmodromein October 2009. [ [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/phobos_grunt.html Phobos-grunt mission] ] In August–September 2010, after voyage of 10–11.5 months, Yinghuo-1 separates and enters an 800 × 80,000 km three-day equatorial orbit (at 5° inclination). The spacecraft is expected to remain in Martian orbit for one year. Phobos-Grunt and Yinghuo-1 will conduct Mars ionosphere occultationexperiments.
Yinghuo-1 will focus mainly on the study of the external environment of Mars. Space center researchers will use photographs and data to study the magnetic field of Mars and the interaction between ionospheres, escape particles and solar wind. [cite web|url=http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200705/30/eng20070530_379330.html|title =China and Russia join hands to explore Mars|publisher=
People's Daily Online|date= May 30, 2007|accessdate=May 31|accessyear=2007]
*Power: 90 W (averaged), 180 W (peak)
*HGA 0.9–1 m dish (S-band), 10 W transmitter to 50 m Chinese dish, 2,500 bit/s
*LGA: 80 bit/s (up/down link),
*2×3 section solar array, total length 5.6 m
*3-axis stabilized, solar array perpendicular to the Sun
*Direct communication with Earth
* [http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-05/22/content_6132750.htm http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-05/22/content_6132750.htm]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chinese space program — This article is about the Chinese space program in general. For the current Chinese space agency since 1993, see China National Space Administration. The launch of Tianlian, Xichang Center The space program of the People s Republic of China is… … Wikipedia
Mars — This article is about the planet. For other uses, see Mars (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Exploration of the Moon — Apollo 12 lunar module Intrepid prepares to descend towards the surface of the Moon. NASA photo. The physical exploration of the Moon began when Luna 2, a space probe launched by the Soviet Union, made an impact on the surface of the Moon on … Wikipedia
Mars landing — View from the NASA Phoenix lander in 2008 A Mars landing is a landing of a spacecraft on the surface of Mars. Of multiple attempted Mars landings by robotic, unmanned spacecraft, six were successful. There have also been studies for a possible… … Wikipedia
Mars in fiction — Fictional representations of Mars have been popular for over a century. Interest in Mars has been stimulated by the planet s dramatic red color, by early scientific speculations that its surface conditions might be capable of supporting life, and … Wikipedia
Mars in culture — The planet Mars is named after the Roman god of war Mars. In Babylonian astronomy, the planet was named after Nergal, their deity of fire, war, and destruction, most likely due to the planet s reddish appearance. Whether the Greeks equated… … Wikipedia
Mars 1 — This is for a Soviet space probe, for moon designated as Mars I, see Phobos (moon). This is for a Soviet space probe, for a Chinese space probe sometimes referred to as Mars 1, see Yinghuo 1. Mars 1, also known as 1962 Beta Nu 1, Mars 2MV 4 and… … Wikipedia
Manned mission to Mars — Concept for NASA Design Reference Mission Architecture 5.0 (2009) A manned mission to Mars has been the subject of science fiction, engineering, and scientific proposals throughout the 20th century and into the 21st century. The plans comprise… … Wikipedia
Planetary Observer program — The Planetary Observer program is a cancelled space exploration program designed by NASA to provide cheaper planetary orbiters by utilising Earth orbiting satellite components and technology, using solar panels for power, and a common spacecraft… … Wikipedia
Portal:Mars — Shortcut: P:MARS Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology … Wikipedia