- Self-cleaning glass
Self-cleaning glass is a specific type of
glasswith surface which keeps itself free of dirt and grime through natural processes.
The first self-cleaning glass was based on
thin film titanium dioxidecoating. The glass cleans itself in two stages. The " photocatalytic" stage of the process breaks down the organic dirt on the glass using ultravioletlight in sunlight(even on overcast days) and makes the glass hydrophilic(normally glass is hydrophobic). During the following "hydrophilic" stage rainwashes away the dirt, leaving almost no streaks, because hydrophilic glass spreads the water evenly over its surface. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/3770353.stm BBC News] , 8 June 2004] .
Titanium dioxide is a material of choice because it is characterized by high photocalytic properties, chemical stability and low price. Its
anatasephase is most photocalytic. What is more, under the UV irradiation its surface structure changes to generate OH groups, making it superhydrophilic. [ SUmio Sakka (ed.) (2005) "Handbook of Sol-GelScience and Technology Processing Characterization and Applications", [http://books.google.com/books?id=QTCyQoTVZWkC&pg=PA385&lpg=PA385&dq=%22sol-gel%22+%22self-cleaning+glass%22&source=web&ots=Rp4oyipTPD&sig=brnjh6hjbQDRs-JKuqAE7sXB3HM#PPA385,M1 Chapter 18, "Coatings with Photocatalyst on Architectural Glass"] . ISBN 1402079680.]
It is speculated that other possible application areas are computer monitors and PDA screens, where
fingerprints are undesirable. [ [http://www.engadget.com/2004/06/04/self-cleaning-glass/ "Self-cleaning glass"] , " Engadget," June 4, 2004.]
Titanium dioxide–based glass cannot decompose thick non-transparent deposits, such as paint or
silicone, waterstopfingerprints or bleeding after weathering, or stuccodust produced during construction.
Another approach to self-cleaning glass is suggested basing on the hydrophobic "
lotus effect". [ [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/01/050125085826.htm "'Bumpy' Glass Could Lead To Self-cleaning Windows, Slick Micromachines"] , " Science Daily", January 28, 2005.]
Since 2001 the TC24 "Coatings on Glass" committee
International Commission on Glasshas been trying to set up test methods for evaluation of photocatalytic self-cleaning coatings on glass. [ [http://www.icg.group.shef.ac.uk/tc24.html#Index TC24 reports] ]
* The Pilkington Activ brand by
Pilkingtonis claimed by the company to be the first self-cleaning glass. [ [http://www.pilkingtonselfcleaningglass.co.uk/ Pilkington Glass Manufacturers] ] It uses the 15 nm thick transparent coating of microcrystalline titanium dioxide. The coating is applied by chemical vapor deposition"A comparative study of three techniques for determining photocatalytic activity", Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Volume 188, Issues 2–3, 2007, Pages 387–391. doi|10.1016/j.jphotochem.2006.12.040]
* The SunClean brand by
PPG Industriesalso uses the coating of titanium dioxide applied by a patented process. [ [http://corporateportal.ppg.com/NA/Glass/ResidentialGlass/Homeowners/ProductInformation/SunClean/SunCleanHowItWorks.htm SunClean glass info] ]
* Neat Glass by
Cardinal Glass Industrieshas the <10nm titanium dioxide layer applied by magnetron sputtering[http://www.cardinalcorp.com/data/tsb/cg/CG05.pdf Neat Glass] , Cardinal CG Technical Service Bulletin # CG05-06/06.]
* SGG Aquaclean (1st generation, hydrophylic only, 2002 [ [http://www.theglazine.com/newsarchive/news271101.html "Saint Gobain launches self-cleaning glass"] ] ) and Bioclean (2nd generation, both photoctive and hydrophilic, 2003 [ [http://www.saint-gobain.co.uk/main.asp?nid=37 Saint-Gobain Glass launches 2nd generation self-cleaning glass] ] ) by
Saint-Gobain. [ [http://www.selfcleaningglass.com/technical-support.asp SGG Bioclean technical info] ] The Bioclean coating is applied by chemical vapor deposition.
ETFEfilms, transparent polymerfilms described as self-cleaning
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Glass — This article is about the material. For other uses, see Glass (disambiguation). Moldavite, a natural glass formed by meteorite impact, from Besednice, Bohemia … Wikipedia
Glass electrode — A glass electrode is a type of ion selective electrode made of a doped glass membrane that is sensitive to a specific ion. It is an important part of the instrumentation for chemical analysis and physico chemical studies. In modern practice,… … Wikipedia
Glass microsphere — For microspheres made of other materials, see Microsphere. SEM micrograph of a glass microsphere in concrete Glass microspheres are microscopic spheres of glass manufactured for a wide variety of uses in research, medicine, consumer goods and… … Wikipedia
Glass transition — The liquid glass transition (or glass transition for short) is the reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials) from a hard and relatively brittle state into a molten or rubber like state … Wikipedia
Cleaning Windows — Single by Van Morrison from the album Beautiful Vision … Wikipedia
Glass ionomer cement — A Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) is one of a class of materials commonly used in dentistry as filling materials and luting cements. These materials are based on the reaction of silicate glass powder and polyalkeonic acid. These tooth coloured… … Wikipedia
Glass harmonica — The glass harmonica, also known as the glass armonica, hydrocrystalophone, or simply armonica (derived from armonia , the Italian word for harmony), is a type of musical instrument that uses a series of glass bowls or goblets graduated in size to … Wikipedia
Architectural glass — is glass that is used as a building material. It is most typically used as transparent glazing material in the building envelope, including windows in the external walls. Glass is also used for internal partitions and as an architectural feature … Wikipedia
Lead glass — Swarovski flacon. Lead glass is a variety of glass in which lead replaces the calcium content of a typical potash glass. Lead glass contains typically 18–40 weight% lead(II) oxide (PbO), while modern lead … Wikipedia
Smart glass — or switchable glass, also called smart windows or switchable windows in its application to windows or skylights, refers to electrically switchable glass or glazing which changes light transmission properties when voltage is applied.Certain types… … Wikipedia