Tamarin


Tamarin

Taxobox
name = Tamarins



image_width = 260px
image_caption = Cottontop Tamarin ("Saguinus oedipus")
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Primates
familia = Cebidae
subfamilia = Callitrichinae
genus = "Saguinus"
genus_authority = Hoffmannsegg, 1807
type_species = "Saguinas ursula"
type_species_authority = Hoffmannsegg, 1807 = "Simia midas" Linnaeus, 1758
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = 17 species, see text

The tamarins are any of the squirrel-sized New World monkeys from the family Cebidae, classified as the genus "Saguinus". The closely related lion tamarins are in genus "Leontopithecus".

Tamarin habitats range from southern Central America (Costa Rica) through middle South America (Amazon basin and north Bolivia, however not in the mountainous parts).

The various species of tamarins differ considerably according to their appearance, ranging from nearly all black through mixtures of black, brown and white. Many species typically have mustache-like facial hairs. Their body size ranges from 18 to 30 cm (plus a 25 to 44 cm long tail) and they weigh from 220 to 900 grams. Tamarins differ from marmosets primarily in the fact that the lower canine teeth are clearly longer than the incisors.

Tamarins are inhabitants of tropical rain forests and open forest areas. They are diurnal and arboreal, and run and jump quickly through the trees. Tamarins live together in groups of up to 40 members consisting of one or more families. More frequently, though, groups are composed of just three to nine members.

Tamarins are omnivores, eating fruits and other plant parts as well as spiders, insects, small vertebrates and bird eggs.

Gestation is typically 140 days, and births are normally twins. The father primarily cares for the young, bringing them to their mother to nurse. After approximately one month the young begin to eat solid food, although they aren't fully weaned for another two to three months. They reach full maturity in their second year.

In captivity, tamarins live to be 18 years old.

Classification

*Genus "Saguinus"
** "S. midas" group
*** Red-handed Tamarin, "Saguinus midas"
*** Black Tamarin, "Saguinus niger"
** "S. nigricollis" group
*** Black-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus nigricollis"
**** Spix's Black-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus nigricollis nigricollis"
**** Hernandez-Camacho's Black-mantled Tamarin "Saguinus nigricollis hernandezi"
*** Graells's Tamarin, "Saguinus graellsi"
*** Brown-mantled Tamarin or Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis"
**** Spix's Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis"
**** Geoffroy's Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis nigrifrons"
**** Illiger's Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis illigeri"
**** Andean Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis leucogenys"
**** Red-mantle Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis lagonotus"
**** "Saguinus fuscicollis fuscus"
**** Avila Pires' Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis avilapiresi"
**** Weddell's Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli"
**** Cruz Lima's Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis cruzlimai"
**** Saddle-back Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis primitivus"
*** White-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus melanoleucus"
*** Golden-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus tripartitus"
** "S. mystax" group
*** Moustached Tamarin, "Saguinus mystax"
**** Spix's Moustached Tamarin, "Saguinus mystax mystax"
**** White-rump Moustached Tamarin, "Saguinus mystax pluto"
*** Red-capped Tamarin, "Saguinus pileatus"
*** White-lipped Tamarin, "Saguinus labiatus"
*** Emperor Tamarin, "Saguinus imperator"
** "S. bicolor" group
*** Pied Tamarin, "Saguinus bicolor"
*** Martins's Tamarin, "Saguinus martinsi"
**** Martin's Bare-face Tamarin, "Saguinus martinsi martinsi"
**** Ochraceus Bare-face Tamarin, "Saguinus martinsi ochraceus"
** "S. oedipus" group
*** Cottontop Tamarin or Pinché Tamarin, "Saguinus oedipus"
*** Geoffroy's Tamarin, "Saguinus geoffroyi"
*** White-footed Tamarin, "Saguinus leucopus"
** "S. inustus" group
*** Mottle-faced Tamarin, "Saguinus inustus"

References

*MSW3 Groves|pages=133-136

External links

* [http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/links/saguinus Primate Info Net "Saguinus" Factsheets]


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